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Register of the Rosa Luxemburg and Mathilde Jacob Papers
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Collection Details
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  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Acquisition Information
  • Accruals
  • Historical Note
  • Scope and Content

  • Title: Rosa Luxemburg and Mathilde Jacob Papers,
    Date (inclusive): 1887-1941
    Collection Number: 39000
    Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
    Language of Material: German
    Physical Description: 4 manuscript boxes, 1 oversize box, 1 microfilm reel, 4 envelopes (2.1 linear feet)
    Abstract: Correspondence, annotated daily calendars, and photographs, relating to the German socialist and communist movements, and to the imprisonment of Rosa Luxemburg during World War I. Includes a memoir by Mathilde Jacob, personal secretary to Rosa Luxemburg, entitled "Von Rosa Luxemburg und ihren Freunden" (present in variant typescript forms with annotations, and on microfilm), and correspondence of Mathilde Jacob.
    Language of the Materials : Mainly in German.
    Creator: Luxemburg, Rosa, 1871-1919.


    Collection open for research.
    The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

    Publication Rights

    Box 4, "Box/folder" 15 may not be quoted without written permission of the Archiv der sozialen Demokratie.
    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Rosa Luxemburg and Mathilde Jacob papers, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1939.


    Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

    Historical Note

    Mathilde Jacob, the admirer, friend, confidant, and secretary of Rosa Luxemburg from December 1913 to January 1915, was born in 1873. Between 1913 and 1942 Mathilde Jacob made her living as a public stenographer, typist, and translator. Her years prior to World War I and through the 1920s were devoted to the successive causes of the Social Democratic Party and Communist Party in Germany. She was introduced to these movements by her brother Joseph Jacob, who also helped her obtain such clients as Franz Mehring, Karl Radek, Paul Levy, and Rosa Luxemburg. Mathilde Jacob first met Rosa Luxemburg in December 1913 during her employment as the typist for the publication Sozialdemokratische Korrespondenz. A friendship developed which led to Mathilde's role as Rosa's primary source of external information and material needs during her years of imprisonment from 1914-1918 for opposition to German participation in World War I. Following Rosa Luxemburg's death in 1919, Mathilde Jacob worked for Paul Levy until his death in 1930. In 1942 she was deported to a concentration camp where it is believed that she perished.

    Scope and Content

    The Rosa Luxemburg-Mathilde Jacob Collection was acquired by the Hoover Institution on War, Revolution, and Peace in 1939 by Professor Ralph H. Lutz. These papers, given to Professor Lutz by Mathilde Jacob, comprise some 344 letters, postcards, and telegrams, including 144 letters and postcards from Rosa Luxemburg to Mathilde Jacob, and Mathilde Jacob's manuscript "Von Rosa Luxemburg und ihren Freunden, 1914-1919."
    One "Box/folder" of photocopies of lettters from Mathilde Jacob to Jenny Herz was received from the Archiv der sozialen Demokratie in 1989. These letters may not be quoted without written permission of the Archiv der sozialen Demokratie.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Jacob, Mathilde, 1873-1943.
    Germany--History--Revolution, 1918.
    World War, 1914-1918--Germany.
    World War, 1914-1918.