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Register of the Benjamin Gitlow Papers, 1918-1963
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Collection Details
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  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Biographical Note

  • Title: Benjamin Gitlow Papers,
    Date (inclusive): 1918-1963
    Collection Number: 67031
    Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
    Language of Material: English
    Physical Description: 18 manuscript boxes, 1 envelope (7.5 linear feet)
    Abstract: Writings, correspondence, minutes of meetings, clippings, and other printed matter, relating to communism and socialism in the United States and Europe.
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
    Creator: Gitlow, Benjamin, 1891-1965


    Collection open for research.
    The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Benjamin Gitlow Papers, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives.

    Biographical Note

    1891, Dec. 22 Born, Elizabethport, New Jersey
    1909 Joined Socialist Party
    1917 Elected to New York State Legislature
    1919 Expelled from Socialist Party. Founding member, Communist Labor Party (later merged into Communist Party). Convicted under New York criminal syndicalism law and imprisoned
    1921 Communist candidate for mayor of New York City
    1922 Released from prison
    1924, 1928 Communist candidate for Vice President of the U.S.
    1926-1941 Member, board of directors, American Fund for Public Service (Garland Fund)
    1928 Elected alternate member, Executive Committee, Communist International
    1929 Elected secretary-general, Communist Party. Expelled from Communist Party. Founding member, Communist Party (Majority Group) (later known as Communist Party [Opposition])
    1933 Expelled from Communist Party (Opposition)
    1933-1934 Founding member and principal leader of three successive small organizations: Workers Communist League, Labor Party Association, and Organization Committee for a Revolutionary Workers Party
    1934 Rejoined Socialist Party. Subsequently resigned
    1939 Anti-communist witness before U.S. House Un-American Activities Committee
    1940 Author, I Confess: The Truth about American Communism
    1948 Author, The Whole of Their Lives: Communism in America: A Personal History and Intimate Portrayal of Its Leaders
    1965, July 19 Died, Crompond, New York

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Communism--United States.
    Socialism--United States.
    United States--Politics and government.