Information for Researchers
Scope and Content
Collection Title: Photographic Views of the Mojave Route, El Dorado Canyon and Fort Mojave
Collection Number: BANC PIC 1905.16894--A
D'Heureuse, R. (Rudolph)
44 prints, 14 x 11 cm. or smaller (3 prints mounted)
44 digital objects
The Bancroft Library
University of California, Berkeley
Berkeley, CA 94720-6000
Phone: (510) 642-6481
Fax: (510) 642-7589
Languages Represented: Collection materials are in
Information for Researchers
Original prints are restricted. Use viewing prints or online images only. Use of original photographs only by permission of
the appropriate curator.
Materials in this collection may be protected by the U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.). In addition, the reproduction
of some materials may be restricted by terms of University of California gift or purchase agreements, donor restrictions,
privacy and publicity rights, licensing and trademarks. Transmission or reproduction of materials protected by copyright beyond
that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright owners. Works not in the public domain cannot be
commercially exploited without permission of the copyright owner. Responsibility for any use rests exclusively with the user.All
requests to reproduce, publish, quote from, or otherwise use collection materials must be submitted to The Bancroft Library.
[Identification of item], Photographic Views of the Mojave Route, El Dorado Canyon and Fort Mojave, 1863, BANC PIC 1905.16894--A,
The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.
Digital Representations Available
Digital representations of selected original pictorial materials are available in the list of materials below.
Title: William H. Brewer Fieldbooks, 1861-1864,
Identifier/Call Number: BANC MSS C-B 313-328
The Photographic Views of the Mojave Route, El Dorado Canyon and Fort Mojave prints were transferred from the William H. Brewer
Fieldbooks (BANC MSS C-B 313-328), which were a gift of Francis P. Farquhar.
Scope and Content
The Photographic Views of the Mojave Route, El Dorado Canyon and Fort Mojave collection contains 41 photographic prints taken
by Rudolph D'Heureuse in 1863. Pictured in the collection is the Mojave Desert region from the San Bernardino Valley and Cajon
Pass eastward to the Colorado River and Fort Mojave of Arizona. The reason D'Heureuse photographed this section of the "Mojave
Road" and the adjacent region is unclear. It is most likely that he was surveying the area in association with either the
Macedonia Mining District or the California State Geological Survey. D'Heureuse's work is considered to be the earliest extant
body of survey photographs of this region.
The emphasis of the photographs is the geological and botanical features of the region. Many valleys, hills, mountains, plains,
and canyons, as well as cacti, yucca and other plants of the area are pictured.
Locations featured in the collection include the Cajon Pass, the Mojave River, the Colorado River, Fort Mojave, San Bernardino
Valley, El Dorado Canyon, and the Providence Mountains, as well as more obscure areas such as New San Pedro, Point Rock, Camp
Cady, Warm Soda Springs, Marl Spring, Rock Springs, Lewis Spring, and the Tetchatticup Tunnel.
Also pictured in the collection are surveyors, Mojave ((or Paiute / Piute?) Indians, soldiers and other unidentified persons,
as well as dwellings, camp sites and miscellaneous structures.
In 1869, the photographs in the collection were obtained from D'Heureuse by William Henry Brewer, one of the members of the
California State Geological Survey. Brewer lists the prints, however, in his 1864 fieldbook [William H. Brewer Fieldbooks,
BANC MSS C-B 328], presumably as retrospective notes entered subsequent to receipt of the photographs in June, 1869. The collection
title and container listing appearing in this finding aid were originally transcribed from this fieldbook entry by Francis
P. Farquhar. The photograph numbers correspond to those listed by Brewer, with numbers 1 and 33 lacking, as in Brewer's original
list. Mounted duplicates exist for 3 of the prints.
A set of 33 photographs that includes some of D'Heureuse's Mojave images is present in the Horace Mann, Jr. collection, Clements
Library, University of Michigan at Ann Arbor (1944. M-470).
[Information on D'Heureuse and his photographs from Palmquist, Peter E. and Thomas R. Kailbourn, Pioneer Photographers of
the Far West: A Biographical Dictionary, 1840-1865, Stanford University Press, 2000, with supplementary information from research
notes of Germaine Moon, Barstow, CA, 1979, filed in the curatorial Artist Files of The Bancroft Library. This finding aid
has been revised in 2018 based upon the research of Jeff Lapides and Dennis G. Casebier, published in The Mojave Road in 1863
: the pioneering photographs of Rudolph d'Heureuse, Mojave Desert Heritage and Cultural Association, 2018.]