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Finding Aid for the Charles Stuart de Rothesay Papers, ca. 1548-1911 (bulk 1768-1846)
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Collection Details
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  • Descriptive Summary
  • Administrative Information
  • Biography
  • Scope and Content
  • Organization and Arrangement
  • Indexing Terms
  • Related Material

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Charles Stuart de Rothesay Papers
    Date (inclusive): ca. 1548-1911 (bulk 1768-1846)
    Collection number: 648
    Creator: Stuart de Rothesay, Charles Stuart, Baron, 1779-1845
    Extent: 25 boxes (12.5 lf.) 1 oversize box.
    Abstract: Stuart de Rothesay, Charles Stuart, Baron (1779-1845) was a British diplomat and peer. The collection consists primarily of correspondence related to his diplomatic career.
    Repository: University of California, Los Angeles. Library. Department of Special Collections.
    Los Angeles, California 90095-1575
    Physical location: Stored off-site at SRLF. Advance notice is required for access to the collection. Please contact the UCLA Library, Department of Special Collections Reference Desk for paging information.

    Administrative Information

    Restrictions on Access

    COLLECTION STORED OFF-SITE AT SRLF: Open for research. Advance notice required for access. Contact the UCLA Library, Department of Special Collections Reference Desk for paging information.

    Restrictions on Use and Reproduction

    Property rights to the physical object belong to the UCLA Library, Department of Special Collections. Literary rights, including copyright, are retained by the creators and their heirs. It is the responsibility of the researcher to determine who holds the copyright and pursue the copyright owner or his or her heir for permission to publish where The UC Regents do not hold the copyright.

    Processing Note

    Processed by Aislinn Sotelo and Rajashree Mazumder in the Center For Primary Training (CFPRT), with assistance from Elizabeth Sheehan, 2007.
    This collection was originally minimally processed at an unknown date. In 2007, the collection was reprocessed with contents being foldered and series levels added to enhance access to the material.

    Provenance/Source of Acquisition

    Purchase of Dr. Lawrence Clark Powell, 1957-1958.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Charles Stuart de Rothesay Papers (Collection 648). Department of Special Collections, Charles E. Young Research Library, UCLA.

    UCLA Catalog Record ID

    UCLA Catalog Record ID: 4233833 


    Stuart, Charles, Baron de Rothesay (1779-1845), diplomat, was born on 2 January 1779, the elder son of Sir Charles Stuart (1753-1801) and his wife Anne Louisa (1757-1841). Stuart was educated at Eton College (1753-1801), Christ Church, Oxford (1797-8), and the University of Glasgow (1798-9). After a brief stint in the bar, he entered the diplomatic service in 1801. Appointments as secretary of legation at Vienna (1801-4) and secretary of embassy at Petersburg (1804-8) were followed by a liaison and intelligence gathering assignment with the provincial juntas in French occupied Spain (1808-10). As minister in Lisbon (1810-14) he made himself indispensable to Wellington, and he was made a member of the Portuguese regency council. During the 'hundred days' (1815), he was the ambassador at the courts of both the King of Netherlands and Louis XVIII of France, who was in exile in Ghent. His greatest diplomatic achievement was the treaty by which Brazil became independent of Portugal, negotiated on a joint Anglo-Portuguese special mission in 1825. He was reappointed as ambassador to France in 1828, and was created Baron Stuart de Rothesay of the Isle of Bute on 22 January that year. His subsequent assignments took him to Russia (under Sir Robert Peel's government). But by this time he was a sick man and a stroke left him unable to conduct business. Although he tried to conceal his condition, his resignation was forced in March 1844. He died at Highcliffe on 6 November 1845 and was buried there. He was survived by his wife, Lady Elizabeth Margaret (1769-1867) and his two daughters, Charlotte (1817-1861), later lady Canning and Louisa Anne (1818-1891), later Lady Waterford. With no male heir, his title became extinct.

    Scope and Content

    The collection consists primarily of the correspondence of Charles Stuart de Rothesay, the majority of which documents his diplomatic engagements. Many of the original letters and period copies are from notable historical figures such as Arthur Wellesley, the Duke of Wellington; Lord Castlereagh; Lord Clancarty; Quentin Craufurd; le Comte Decazes; John Donzelot, the Governor of Corfu; Duc de Richelieu; Charles R. Vaughn, as well as many other political figures, emissaries, and dignitaries. Also included, to a lesser extent, are financial records, printed materials, and various miscellanies, which include Syrian and Arabic materials, Greek and Egyptian materials which discuss the Trilingual Stone and the Rosetta Stone, a map, parchment decrees.

    Organization and Arrangement

    Arranged in the following series:
    1. Correspondence
    2. Financial records
    3. Printed material
    4. Miscellaneous items
    5. Extraneous Miscellaneous Items.

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.


    Stuart de Rothesay, Charles Stuart, Baron--1779-1845--Archives.
    Diplomats--Great Britain--Archival resources.

    Related Material

    Charles Stuart de Rothesay Collection of Maps (Collection 931)  . Available at the Department of Special Collections.