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Stereoviews of the U.S. Geographical Survey Expedition West of the 100th Meridian of 1873, 1873
BANC PIC 19xx.091--STER  
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Collection Details
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  • Collection Summary
  • Information for Researchers
  • Administrative Information
  • Biography
  • Scope and Content

  • Collection Summary

    Collection Title: Stereoviews of the U.S. Geographical Survey Expedition West of the 100th Meridian of 1873
    Date: 1873
    Collection Number: BANC PIC 19xx.091--STER
    Photographer: Timothy H. O'Sullivan
    Extent: 44 photographic prints ; stereograph, albumen ; 10 x 18 cm. 44 digital objects
    Repository: The Bancroft Library.
    University of California, Berkeley
    Berkeley, CA 94720-6000
    Phone: (510) 642-6481
    Fax: (510) 642-7589
    Email: bancref@library.berkeley.edu
    URL: http://bancroft.berkeley.edu/
    Languages Represented: Collection materials are in English

    Information for Researchers


    Collection is available for use.

    Publication Rights

    Copyright has not been assigned to The Bancroft Library. All requests for permission to publish photographs must be submitted in writing to the Curator of Pictorial Collections. Permission for publication is given on behalf of The Bancroft Library as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the reader.
    Copyright restrictions also apply to digital representations of the original materials. Use of digital files is restricted to research and educational purposes.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Stereoviews of the U.S. Geographical Survey Expedition West of the 100th Meridian of 1873, BANC PIC 19xx.091--STER, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley

    Digital Representations Available

    Digital representations of selected original pictorial materials are available in the list of materials below. Digital image files were prepared from selected Library originals by the Library Photographic Service. Library originals were copied onto 35mm color transparency film; the film was scanned and transferred to Kodak Photo CD (by Custom Process); and the Photo CD files were color-corrected and saved in JFIF (JPEG) format for use as viewing files.

    Related Collections

    Identifier/Call Number: BANC PIC 19xx.055--ffALB,
    Title: Photographs Taken During the U.S. Geological Surveys West of the 100th Meridian, 1871-1873, by Timothy H. O'Sullivan and William Bell
    Identifier/Call Number: BANC PIC 19xx.089--STER,
    Title: Stereoviews of the U.S. Geographical Survey Expedition West of the 100th Meridian of 1871, by Timothy H. O'Sullivan
    Identifier/Call Number: BANC PIC 19xx.090--STER,
    Title: Stereoviews of the U.S. Geographical Survey Expedition West of the 100th Meridian of 1872, by Timothy H. O'Sullivan
    Identifier/Call Number: BANC PIC 19xx.273--PIC,
    Title: Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.). New Mexico Photographs from the 1873 Geographical Survey West of the 100th Meridian
    Identifier/Call Number: BANC PIC 1905.17116-.17119--STER,
    Title: Western Survey Expeditions of 1871, 1872, 1873, and 1874, by Timothy H. O'Sullivan and William Bell

    Administrative Information

    Acquisition Information



    Timothy H. O'Sullivan was born in 1840. He learned photography at the New York gallery of Mathew Brady, and accompanied Brady on a Civil War photography assignment. In 1863 O'Sullivan left Brady to establish his own gallery in Washington D.C. He published a series of "Photographic Incidents of the War" (1862-1865). In 1867 he joined the Geological Exploration of the 40th Parallel, led by Clarence King, which was the first of the four great post-war surveys carried out by the United States Government. This expedition explored the area from the eastern edge of the Sierras and across the great Basin to the front range of the Rocky Mountains.
    After three years as King's photographer, O'Sullivan was appointed Photographer to the Darien Surveying Expedition in 1870 by the Secretary of the Navy. The purpose of this expedition was to report to the government on possible routes for a ship canal between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. He returned to the West in 1871 with the Geographical and Geological Explorations and Surveys West of the 100th Meridian, commanded by Lieutenant George M .Wheeler of the Corps of Engineers. The party surveyed Owens Valley, Death Valley, and the Colorado River through the Grand Canyon. Most of O'Sullivan's photographs during this expedition were ruined in transit. O'Sullivan was transferred back to a Clarence King survey in 1872, to a team that went to Wyoming. In the winter of 1872-1873, O'Sullivan printed two sets of his King survey photographs for an exhibition at the World's Fair in Vienna in 1873. In 1873 O'Sullivan accompanied Wheeler once again, this time to Arizona and New Mexico, photographing the mysterious Native American ruins of Canyon de Chelly, San Miguel Church in Santa Fe, and Zuni Pueblo. In 1874 he visited the West for the last time, working in northern New Mexico, southern Colorado, and Idaho. He became photographer to the U.S. Treasury Department in 1880. O'Sullivan died of tuberculosis in Staten Island in 1882.
    (Sources: Dingus, Rich. The Photographic Artifacts of Timothy O'Sullivan. Albuquerque: The University of New Mexico Press, 1982, pp. 4, 12-13; Newhall, Beaumont and Nancy. T. H. O'Sullivan: Photographer. Rochester, N.Y.: The George Eastman House, in collaboration with The Amon Carter Museum of Western Art, 1966.)

    Scope and Content

    This collection from the U.S. Geographical Survey Expedition of 1873 consists of 44 stereographs, photographed by Timothy H. O'Sullivan. Includes views from the Arizona Series, the New Mexico Series, the Colorado River Series, the Geological Series, the Indian Series, and the Historic Series. Images include Apache Lake, Sierra Blanca Range, Apache, Zuni and Navajo Indians, North Fork Canyon, Cooley's Park, Canyon de Chelly, Blackwater Canyon, Inscription Rock and Zuni Pueblo in New Mexico, Paria Creek, and others. The photographer's numbers are retained for the numbering system, which account for the gaps in numbering. Printed captions below the photographs are reprinted in the container listing.