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Richard Clough Anderson Papers: Finding Aid
mssAND 1-1874  
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Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Overview of the Collection
  • Access
  • Administrative Information
  • Biographical Note
  • Scope and Content
  • Related materials in the Huntington Library
  • Indexing Terms

  • Overview of the Collection

    Title: Richard Clough Anderson Papers
    Dates (inclusive): 1781-1892
    Collection Number: mssAND 1-1874
    Creator: Anderson, Richard Clough, 1788-1826
    Extent: 1865 pieces in 25 boxes
    Repository: The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens. Manuscripts Department
    1151 Oxford Road
    San Marino, California 91108
    Phone: (626) 405-2191
    Email: reference@huntington.org
    URL: http://www.huntington.org
    Language: English.


    Open to qualified researchers by prior application through the Reader Services Department. For more information, contact Reader Services.

    Administrative Information

    Publication Rights

    The Huntington Library does not require that researchers request permission to quote from or publish images of this material, nor does it charge fees for such activities. The responsibility for identifying the copyright holder, if there is one, and obtaining necessary permissions rests with the researcher.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Richard Clough Anderson Papers, The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.


    Purchased from Zeitlin and Ver Brugge in 1976.

    Biographical Note

    American statesman and diplomat Richard Clough Anderson Jr. (1788-1826), was born in Louisville, Kentucky, to Richard Clough Anderson (1750-1826), a Virginia Revolutionary officer, and Elizabeth Clark, sister of George Roger Clark. After studying law under St. George Tucker, he opened a practice in Louisville. He held a seat in the state House of Representatives from 1812 to 1816, and again from 1821 to 1823, when he chaired the Committee on Public lands. From 1817 to 1821, he served in the U.S. Congress, where he distinguished himself as an advocate of Latin-American independence. President Monroe appointed him minister plenipotentiary to La Gran Colombia in 1823, a post he held until his untimely death caused by a fever he contracted while serving as a minister.
    Anderson was married to Elizabeth Gwathmey (Betsy) who was the daughter of Owen and Ann Clark Gwathmey. She died in Bogota in 1825. They had five children: Arthur? - c.1826; Louis? - 1822; Elizabeth 1811 - 1814; Elizabeth 1815 - 1864; Ann 1823 - 1843.
    Richard Clough Anderson, Jr. (1788-1826), a son of Elizabeth and Richard Clough Anderson (1750-1826), graduated from William and Mary, became a representative in the Kentucky legislature from 1815 to 1817, a member of Congress from 1817 to 1821, speaker of the Kentucky House of Representatives in 1822, and from 1823 to 1826 minister to Colombia, where he negotiated the first treaty between the United States and a South American country. He died of yellow fever to Cartagena en route to the Congress of Panama of 1826.

    Scope and Content

    Correspondence of the various members of the Anderson family, particularly Richard Clough Anderson, Jr. and his wife Elizabeth, as well as Richard Clough Anderson, Sr. and his sons Charles, Robert (1805-1871) (of Ft. Sumter fame), and Larz (1803-1878), a capitalist and a prominent citizen of Cincinnati, Ohio. Also included correspondence of the Clark and Gwathmey families.
    Subject matter includes real estate transactions, legislation, and land speculation in Kentucky; Louisville and Kentucky politics; Ohio politics and government, especially during the Civil War; relations between Colombia and the U.S.; antislavery sentiment; the Civil War Correspondents include Richards Clough Anderson, Sr., Robert Anderson, Charles Anderson, Larz Anderson, John Jordan Crittenden and John Sherman
    Correspondents include:
    • Richard Clough Anderson (1750-1826) - 59pieces
    • Richard Clough Anderson Jr. (1788-1826) -63 pieces
    • Robert Anderson -26 pieces
    • Charles Anderson -85 pieces
    • Larz Anderson -56 pieces
    • John Jordan Crittenden -16 pieces
    • John Sherman - 10 pieces

    Related materials in the Huntington Library


    Arranged in chronological order followed by miscellaneous documents and ephemera.

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the Huntington Library's Online Catalog.  


    Anderson, Robert, 1805-1871
    Anderson, Larz, 1803-1878 -- Correspondence
    Anderson family -- Archives
    Sherman, John, 1772-1828 -- Correspondence
    Crittenden, John J. (John Jordan), 1787-1863 -- Correspondence
    Real property -- Kentucky
    Antislavery movements -- United States
    Ohio -- Politics and government -- 1861-1865
    Kentucky -- Politics and government -- 19th century
    United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Sources
    United States -- Foreign relations -- Colombia
    Colombia -- Foreign relations -- United States


    Family papers United States 20th century.
    Letters (correspondence) United States 20th century.


    Anderson, Richard C. (Richard Clough), 1750-1826
    Anderson, Robert 1805-1871
    Crittenden, John J. (John Jordan), 1787-1863
    Sherman, John, 1772-1828