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Vrangel' collection
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  • Use
  • Acquisition Information
  • Preferred Citation
  • Alternative Form Available
  • Biographical Note
  • Scope and Content

  • Title: Vrangel' collection
    Date (inclusive): 1916-1929
    Collection Number: 27001
    Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Library and Archives
    Language of Material: Russian
    Physical Description: 164 manuscript boxes, 15 oversize boxes, 59 maps (91.6 Linear Feet)
    Abstract: Reports, orders, correspondence, memoranda, dispatches, financial records, minutes, printed matter, maps, and photographs relating to Russian military operations in France during World War I; White Russian diplomatic activities and military operations, especially in southern Russia, during the Russian Revolution and Civil War, including military purchasing and intelligence operations; administration of territory under White Russian control during the Civil War; the evacuation of White Russian military personnel and civilians from the Crimea in 1920; and the resettlement of Russian refugees in Turkey and various European countries. Includes records of the Russian Expeditionary Corps in France, the Volunteer Army, the Armed Forces of Southern Russia, the Northwestern Army, the Foreign Supply Directorate, military representatives in foreign countries and attached to the Allied Supreme Command, and the Russian Army in exile, and some personal papers of Baron Petr Vrangel', commander-in-chief successively of the Armed Forces of Southern Russia and Russian Army. The majority of the collection is also available on microfilm (220 reels). Digital copies of select records also available at https://digitalcollections.hoover.org. 
    Creator: Russia (Territory under White armies, 1918-1920). Severo-Zapadnai͡a armii͡a
    Creator: Vrangelʹ, Petr Nikolaevich, Baron, 1878-1928
    Creator: Russia. Armii͡a. Ėkspedit͡sīonnyĭ korpus vo Frant͡sīi
    Creator: Russia (Territory under White armies, 1918-1920)
    Creator: Russia (Territory under White armies, 1918-1920). Dobrovolʹcheskai͡a armii͡a
    Creator: Vooruzhennye Sily na I͡Uge Rossii
    Creator: Russkai͡a armii͡a
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Library & Archives


    Microfilm use only except Boxes 169-176 and maps. Digital use copies available for Boxes 169-171 and 174-175. Box 172-173, 176 may not be used without permission of the Archivist. Materials must be requested in advance via our reservation system. If there are audiovisual or digital media material in the collection, they must be reformatted before providing access.


    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Library & Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired by the Hoover Institution Library & Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Vrangel' collection, [Box no., Folder no. or title], Hoover Institution Library & Archives.

    Alternative Form Available

    Also available on microfilm (220 reels), except for Boxes 169-176 and maps.

    Biographical Note

    Baron Petr Vrangel'

    1878 August 15 Born, Novo-Aleksandrovsk (Zaraisk), Russia into family of Baltic nobility. Spent childhood and youth in Rostov-na-Donu. Received engineering degree from Gornyi Institut Imperatritsy Ekateriny II, St. Petersburg
    1901-1902 Completed requirements of Nikolaevskoe Kavaleriiskoe Uchilishche (I-yi razriad)) and Nikolaevskaia Akademiia General'nago SHtaba (I-yi razriad). Commissioned cornet in Gvardeiskaia Kavaleriia
    1904-1905 Took part in Russo-Japanese War with 2-oi Argunskii Kazachii Polk and later Otdl'nyi Divizion Razvedchikov. Received decorations and promotion for bravery
    1906 Began service in Leib-Gvardii Konnyi Polk
    1910 Completed courses of Akademiia General'nago SHtaba
    1914-1917 Took part in World War I. Began as Captain of Cavalry, received St. George's Cross for bravery in the field; promoted to rank of colonel
    1915 Appointed commander of Nerchinskii Polk, Zabaikal'skoe Kazachee Voisko
    1916 Promoted to Maj.-Gen. and given command of Ussuriiskaia Konnaia Diviziia
    1917 Resigned from army
    1918-1919 Joined Volunteer Army in Ekaterinodar. Appointed commander of 1-ia Konnaia Diviziia and promoted to Lieut.-Gen. by Lieut.-Gen. A. Denikin. Later given command of Volunteer Army and Army of the Caucasus
    1920 February Resigned from army
    1920 March Appointed Commander-in-Chief of Vooruzhennyia Sily IUga Rossii (V.S.IU.R.) and Military Governor of South Russia. Attempted to reorganize army and carry out land and local government reform
    1920 November After fall of White Movement, organized evacuation of V.S.IU.R. and civilian refugees first to Constantinople and later to Balkans. Established headquarters of Russian army-in-exile in Sremski Karlovci, Yugoslavia
    1928 April 25 Died, Brussels, Belgium

    Scope and Content

    The Vrangel' collection is composed of a group of official archives belonging to Russian government agencies and military departments active during World War I, the Russian Civil War, and the first period of Russian emigration. The collection was originally organized by Lieutenant-General N. Golovin in 1927. Each archive within the collection was retained as an independent entity, while at the same time the collection as a whole was divided into 353 files. The present register maintains this arrangement while attempting to greatly expand the description of material found in individual files.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Russia -- Emigration and immigration
    Soviet Union -- History -- Allied intervention, 1918-1920
    Soviet Union -- History -- Revolution, 1917-1921
    World War, 1914-1918 -- Russia
    International relief
    World War, 1914-1918 -- Campaigns -- France
    Ukraine -- History -- Revolution, 1917-1921
    Soviet Union -- History -- Revolution, 1917-1921 -- Refugees
    Russians -- Turkey
    Soviet Union -- History -- Revolution, 1917-1921 -- Campaigns
    Russia. Armii͡a