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Register of the Vrangel' collection
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Collection Details
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  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Acquisition Information
  • Accruals
  • Alternative Form Available
  • Biographical Note
  • Scope and Content

  • Title: Vrangel' collection
    Date (inclusive): 1916-1929
    Collection Number: 27001
    Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
    Language of Material: Russian
    Physical Description: 164 manuscript boxes, 14 oversize boxes, 59 maps (90.4 linear feet)
    Abstract: Reports, orders, correspondence, memoranda, dispatches, financial records, minutes, printed matter, maps, and photographs relating to Russian military operations in France during World War I; White Russian diplomatic activities and military operations, especially in southern Russia, during the Russian Revolution and Civil War, including military purchasing and intelligence operations; administration of territory under White Russian control during the Civil War; the evacuation of White Russian military personnel and civilians from the Crimea in 1920; and the resettlement of Russian refugees in Turkey and various European countries. Includes records of the Russian Expeditionary Corps in France, the Volunteer Army, the Armed Forces of Southern Russia, the Northwestern Army, the Foreign Supply Directorate, military representatives in foreign countries and attached to the Allied Supreme Command, and the Russian Army in exile, and some personal papers of Baron Petr Vrangel', commander-in-chief successively of the Armed Forces of Southern Russia and Russian Army. The majority of the collection is also available on microfilm (220 reels). Digital copies of select records also available at https://digitalcollections.hoover.org. 
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
    Contributor: Vrangel', Petr Nikolaevich, Baron, 1878-1928.
    Contributor: Russia. Armii͡a. Ėkspedit͡sīonnyĭ korpus vo Frant͡sīi.
    Contributor: Russia (Territory under White armies, 1918-1920)
    Contributor: Russia (Territory under White armies, 1918-1920). Dobrovol'cheskaia armiia.
    Contributor: Russia (Territory under White armies, 1918-1920). Severo-Zapadnaia armiia.
    Contributor: Vooruzhennye Sily na IUge Rossii.
    Contributor: Russkai͡a armii͡a.


    Microfilm use only (except for box 176 and maps and photographs that have not been microfilmed, as noted in container list). Digital copies of select records also available at https://digitalcollections.hoover.org. 
    The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Vrangel' collection, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in .


    Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

    Alternative Form Available

    Also available on microfilm (220 reels), except for box 176 and maps and photographs noted in container list. Digital copies of select records also available at https://digitalcollections.hoover.org. 

    Biographical Note

    Baron Petr Vrangel'

    1878 August 15 Born, Novo-Aleksandrovsk (Zaraisk), Russia into family of Baltic nobility. Spent childhood and youth in Rostov-na-Donu. Received engineering degree from Gornyi Institut Imperatritsy Ekateriny II, St. Petersburg
    1901-1902 Completed requirements of Nikolaevskoe Kavaleriiskoe Uchilishche (I-yi razriad)) and Nikolaevskaia Akademiia General'nago SHtaba (I-yi razriad). Commissioned cornet in Gvardeiskaia Kavaleriia
    1904-1905 Took part in Russo-Japanese War with 2-oi Argunskii Kazachii Polk and later Otdl'nyi Divizion Razvedchikov. Received decorations and promotion for bravery
    1906 Began service in Leib-Gvardii Konnyi Polk
    1910 Completed courses of Akademiia General'nago SHtaba
    1914-1917 Took part in World War I. Began as Captain of Cavalry, received St. George's Cross for bravery in the field; promoted to rank of colonel
    1915 Appointed commander of Nerchinskii Polk, Zabaikal'skoe Kazachee Voisko
    1916 Promoted to Maj.-Gen. and given command of Ussuriiskaia Konnaia Diviziia
    1917 Resigned from army
    1918-1919 Joined Volunteer Army in Ekaterinodar. Appointed commander of 1-ia Konnaia Diviziia and promoted to Lieut.-Gen. by Lieut.-Gen. A. Denikin. Later given command of Volunteer Army and Army of the Caucasus
    1920 February Resigned from army
    1920 March Appointed Commander-in-Chief of Vooruzhennyia Sily IUga Rossii (V.S.IU.R.) and Military Governor of South Russia. Attempted to reorganize army and carry out land and local government reform
    1920 November After fall of White Movement, organized evacuation of V.S.IU.R. and civilian refugees first to Constantinople and later to Balkans. Established headquarters of Russian army-in-exile in Sremski Karlovci, Yugoslavia
    1928 April 25 Died, Brussels, Belgium

    Scope and Content

    The Vrangel' collection is composed of a group of official archives belonging to Russian government agencies and military departments active during World War I, the Russian Civil War, and the first period of Russian emigration. The collection was originally organized by Lieutenant-General N. Golovin in 1927. Each archive within the collection was retained as an independent entity, while at the same time the collection as a whole was divided into 353 files. The present register maintains this arrangement while attempting to greatly expand the description of material found in individual files.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    World War, 1914-1918--Russia.
    World War, 1914-1918--Campaigns--France.
    Soviet Union--History--Revolution, 1917-1921.
    Soviet Union--History--Revolution, 1917-1921--Campaigns.
    Soviet Union--History--Revolution, 1917-1921--Refugees.
    Soviet Union--History--Allied intervention, 1918-1920.
    Ukraine--History--Revolution, 1917-1921.
    Russia--Emigration and immigration.
    International relief.
    Russia. Armii͡a--Officers.