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Register of the Wolność i Niezawisłość miscellaneous records
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Collection Details
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  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Acquisition Information
  • Accruals
  • Historical note
  • Scope and Content of Collection

  • Title: Wolność i Niezawisłość miscellaneous records
    Date: 1936-1946
    Collection Number: 95046
    Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
    Language of Material: Polish
    Physical Description: 1 half-manuscript box (0.2 linear feet)
    Abstract: The collection is comprised of newsletters, memoranda, letters, leaflets, and flyers relating to Polish opposition to Soviet and communist forces at the end of World War II.
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
    Creator: Wolnosc i Niezawislosc (Organization)


    Collection is open for research.
    The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Wolność i Niezawisłość miscellaneous records, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1995.


    Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

    Historical note

    Wolność i Niezawisłość (WiN) (Freedom and Independence), an underground anti-communist organization, was established on September 2, 1945, in Warsaw, Poland. Its main goal was to fight communism and the Sovietification of Poland through political channels, with minimal military action. However, hostility between WiN and communist organizations, such as the Polish Ministry of Public Security, the Polish Worker’s Party, and the NKVD, often led to provocation, resulting in violence. Realizing that victory through violence was impossible, members of WiN instead chose to focus on fighting the communists through anti-communist propaganda and by providing assistance to all those who opposed the communist government.
    By 1952, WiN ceased to exist, mainly due to the efforts of the Ministry of Public Security and its leader, Jakub Berman, who assassinated a number of the organization’s prominent members.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    The collection is comprised of letters, printed matter, reports, personal orders, notices, and orders of promotion, as well as a file regarding Akcja “O” (Operation “O”).

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Anti-communist movements--Poland.
    Poland--History--Occupation, 1939-1945.
    World War, 1939-1945--Poland.
    World War, 1939-1945--Underground movements.