Collection consists of 17 certificates of residence for Chinese laborers in California, dated from 1894 to 1897. Each certificate
includes the laborer's name, local residence, and occupation; information about his height, eye color, complexion, and physical
marks or peculiarities; and a photographic print. Certificates are signed and stamped by O. M. Welburn, Internal Revenue Collector,
First District of California.
Under the provisions of the 1892 Geary Act, which amended the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, all Chinese in the United States
were required to apply for, obtain, and carry a government-issued certificate of residence proving their legal presence in
the United States. Chinese and Chinese Americans discovered without such identification could be arrested and deported.
All requests to reproduce, publish, quote from or otherwise use collection materials must be submitted in writing to the Director
of the Library and Archives, North Baker Research Library, California Historical Society, 678 Mission Street, San Francisco,
CA 94105. Consent is given on behalf of the California Historical Society as the owner of the physical items and is not intended
to include or imply permission from the copyright owner. Such permission must be obtained from the copyright owner. Restrictions
also apply to digital representations of the original materials. Use of digital files is restricted to research and educational
Collection is open for research.