Scope and Content of Collection
Title: American Committee on United Europe records
Date (bulk): 1951-1957
Collection Number: XX209
Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Library and Archives
Language of Material: French, German, English and Dutch
8 manuscript boxes, 1 oversize folder
(3.4 Linear Feet)
Abstract: Conference proceedings, newsletters, pamphlets, reports, clippings, and photographs relating to the European Federalists'
Union, the European Movement, the European Youth Campaign, and affiliated organizations in promoting European political and
American Committee on United Europe
Union européenne des fédéralistes
European Youth Campaign
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Library & Archives
The collection is open for research; materials must be requested in advance via our reservation system. If there are audiovisual
or digital media material in the collection, they must be reformatted before providing access.
For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Library & Archives.
Acquired by the Hoover Institution Library & Archives.
[Identification of item], American Committee on United Europe records, [Box no., Folder no. or title], Hoover Institution
Library & Archives.
The immediate post-World War II era witnessed a widespread dissemination of unitary ideology throughout Europe. Many countries
had a proliferation of Europeanist and European Federalist movements, writings, initiatives, projects, and forming coalitions
of groups geared towards a supranational institutional model for solidarity. In particular, the American Committee on United
Europe (ACUE), founded in 1948, was an American organization sought to promote European integration to ensure promotion of
the Marshall Plan and counter Communist influence.
ACUE was organized as a non-governmental agency by Allen Welsh Dulles, then head of a committee reviewing the organization
of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) on behalf of the National Security Council (NSC), and William J. Donovan, former
head of the wartime Office of Strategic Services (OSS). The ACUE worked closely with US government officials, particularly
the Economic Cooperation Administration (ECA) and the National Committee for a Free Europe, which was being funded by the
Henry Ford and John D. Rockefeller foundations. One of the aims of ACUE was to covertly finance the European Movement, Le
Mouvement Européen (ME), an influential federalist organization in the post-war years. The European Movement brought together
a network of people and organizations to mobilize advocacy a democratic, federal & enlarged union.
Concurrent to political mobilization towards unification special attention was given to the youth. For example, in 1948 the
Union Fédéraliste Inter-Universitaire (UFI) was created as a group to disseminate federalist matters into universities. By
1949 ACUE began discussions with the leaders of ME to support initiatives aimed at introducing European integration to young
people. The European Youth Campaign, Campagne Europeenne de la Jeunese, was created . The campaign was initially geared towards
the French and German youth and last one year but grew into a long term educational initiative. was created as an arm of
the European Movement and wholly funded and controlled by the US State Department and ACUE.
Around the same time period that formed the Union of European Federalists (UEF), a supranational organization established
by the federalist movements present throughout the European Community. The Dutch and German movements become detached from
the UEF and founded in 1956, the European federalist Action (AEF), while the UEF becomes, in 1959, the supranational MFE.
Scope and Content of Collection
The American Committee on United Europe (ACUE) records contain conference proceedings, newsletters, pamphlets, reports, clippings,
and photographs relating to the European Movement, the European Federalists' Union, the European Youth Campaign and affiliated
organizations in promoting European political and economic unity.
The collection is arranged according to its original order.
Subjects and Indexing Terms
United States -- Foreign relations
Youth movements -- Europe