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Rowan (Andrew Summers) papers
45008  
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Biographical File 1730-1940, undated

Scope and Contents note

Contains correspondence, articles, ephemera, and other material related to Rowan's life, especially to his mission to Cuba to meet with General Calixto García. Arranged alphabetically by form or item title. For additional biographical material, see: Scrapbooks.
box 1, folder 1-2

Genealogical research material 1730-1926

Scope and Contents note

Contains correspondence and other material related to Rowan's research on his family history. Also included are requests from encyclopedias for biographical information.
box 1, folder 3-4

Magazine articles 1898-1940

Scope and Contents note

Contains various magazines featuring articles about Rowan and his time in Cuba.
box 1, folder 5

Major Summers Rowan, A West Virginian: The Man Who Carried the Message to García 1925 December 21

box 1, folder 6

Military epaulette undated

box 1, folder 7

Miscellaneous 1885-1929

Scope and Contents note

Contains military rosters, event programs, and pamphlets from various organizations Rowan belonged to. Many of the pamphlets feature short articles about Rowan and his time in Cuba.
 

Journals 1891-1898, undated

Scope and Contents note

Arranged chronologically.
box 1, folder 8

Undated

Scope and Contents note

Contains three handwritten journals containing Rowan's notes about Guatemala. Pages are numbered consecutively, beginning with page 121. Volume 1, containing pages 1-120, is not included in the collection.
box 1, folder 9

"Volcanic Cones and Craters of Guatemala," 1891-1892

Scope and Contents note

Contains notes made by Rowan while conducting hypsometric work for the Central American Party of the Intercontinental Railway Survey.
box 2, folder 1

"From Gibara, Cuba," 1898 September 5

 

Correspondence 1857-1936

Scope and Contents note

Includes mainly messages of admiration for Rowan's work in delivering the message to García and invitations to speak at events.
box 2, folder 2

General 1857-1936

Scope and Contents note

Includes correspondence from the son of Elbert Hubbard and copies of the deciphered messages that were sent to Rowan during his mission to Cuba. Also included are letters written in 1898 between different Cuban officials, including a letter written by General García to General Lope Recio Loynaz.
box 2, folder 3

Shott, Hugh Ike 1931 December

Scope and Contents note

Includes a copy of the Congressional Record from December 21 in which Senator Shott spoke about Rowan.
box 2, folder 4

"Talks and Invitations to Talk," 1916-1929

 

Writings 1916-1922, undated

Scope and Contents note

Contains written and typescript drafts of manuscripts written by Rowan. Also included are various versions of Rowan's personal account of his mission to Cuba, How I Carried the Message to García, as well as the final print version. Arranged chronologically, then alphabetically by title.
box 2, folder 5-7

"The Conquest of Cebu," undated

Scope and Contents note

Contains drafts, notes, and correspondence. Also includes a captured proclamation from Filipino General Arcadio Maxilom y Molero.
box 2, folder 8

"How to Win the War and Keep the Peace: An Easterner's Solution of the Strategic Impasse in the West," draft undated

box 2, folder 9-11

"Our Waterways: How to Use Them, How to Defend Them," manuscript undated

box 3, folder 1

"Pacifism and Its Cure - Universal Training," undated

box 3, folder 2

"A Strategical Study of the Mexican Terrain, 1911," undated

box 3, folder 3

"An Unknown Corner of Our Moro Land," undated

box 3, folder 4

"A Pragmatic History of Mexico," 1916-1922, undated

Scope and Contents note

Contains sketches of maps, notes, and research materials for a project that was never completed.
 

How I Carried the Message to García circa 1922 undated

Scope and Contents note

Contains several different versions of Rowan's account of his journey to Cuba to meet General Calixto García. Different drafts of his account contain slightly different titles and vary in length.
box 3, folder 5

Draft undated

box 3, folder 6

"How I Carried President McKinley's Message to General García: The Results and Consequences," typescript undated

box 3, folder 7

Print copy 1922

box 3, folder 8

"Scenario," circa 1922

Scope and Contents note

Draft of a script based on How I Carried the Message to García. Maps and photographs referenced on the first page of the file are not included.
 

Military File 1898-1927, undated

Scope and Contents note

Contains correspondence, official reports, notes, captured documents, maps, and other material used and received by Rowan during his military service in Cuba during the Spanish-American War and in the Philippines during the Philippine-American War. For additional material related to Rowan's military career, see: Scrapbooks and Oversize Material.
 

Cuba 1898-1927

Scope and Contents note

Contains correspondence, reports, sketches, articles, and other materials related to Rowan's mission to Cuba, which were organized and numbered by him. Most of the files also include short descriptions of the material written by Rowan. Arranged according to the original order of files, then alphabetically by form.
box 3, folder 9

1. Letter and special passport 1898 March 28

box 3, folder 10

2. Letters from War Department 1898 March - April

box 3, folder 11

3. Ciphered cablegrams 1898 April - May

box 3, folder 12

4. Original letter from García 1898 May 1

Scope and Contents note

Contains the original handwritten letter to the U.S. Secretary of War, as well as typescript copies.
box 3, folder 13

5. Maps and unfinished sketch of Cuba 1898

box 3, folder 14

6. Official report of Rowan's mission to General Calixto García 1922

box 3, folder 15

7. Copies of Cuban insurgent newspapers 1898 April

Scope and Contents note

Contains an issue of La Independencia and an issue of El Cubano Libre.
box 3, folder 16

8. Report of General Nelson A. Miles 1898

Scope and Contents note

Refers to Rowan's services in Cuba and Puerto Rico in 1898.
box 3, folder 17

9. "25 Years After," New York Times 1923 January 14

box 3, folder 18

10. "Color Palette of the Caribbean," 1927 January

box 3, folder 19

11. "Lieutenant-Colonel Rowan's Exploit," 1898 July 2

box 3, folder 20

Military maps of Cuba 1898

box 3, folder 21

Sketches of mountains 1898

 

Philippines 1898-1901, undated

Scope and Contents note

Arranged chronologically.
box 3, folder 22

Cebu 1898, 1901, undated

Scope and Contents note

See also: "The Conquest of Cebu" in Writings.
box 3, folder 23

"Daily notes of military service," 1899 July - October

box 3, folder 24

Bohol 1901, undated

Scope and Contents note

Includes memoranda and correspondence relating to a controversy surrounding Rowan and his possible involvement with the burning of a village in Bohol.
 

Photographs 1881-1900, undated

box 3, folder 25

"Friends of Col. Andrew Summers Rowan," 1881-1891, undated

box 4, folder 1

Guatemala circa 1891

Scope and Contents note

Contains images of coffee plantations and various unidentified persons and landscapes.
box 4, folder 2

Mississippi River flood 1897

Scope and Contents note

Photographs collected by Rowan during an inspection of the flood he conducted with the U.S. Army.
box 4, folder 3

Philippine Islands circa 1900

Scope and Contents note

Includes images of Rowan with the 19th Infantry.
 

Scrapbooks 1898-1934

Scope and Contents note

Contains 15 scrapbooks mainly comprised of clippings relating to Rowan's mission to Cuba, his military service in the Philippines, and Elbert Hubbard's A Message to Garcia. Some correspondence and ephemera are also included in select scrapbooks.
The majority of the scrapbooks are untitled with overlapping date ranges and topics. Some scrapbooks were numbered by Rowan and contain short descriptions on the cover of what they contain; however, there are gaps in the sequence. Scrapbooks are arranged according to Rowan's numerical assignments and titles, then chronologically.
box 7

#2 1898-1899

box 4, folder 4-8

#3 1898-1900

box 4, folder 9

#4 1898-1899

box 5, folder 1

#6 1898-1901

Scope and Contents note

Includes clippings relating to Rowan's service in the region of Bohol and the investigation he underwent for the burning of a local village.
box 5, folder 2-3

#7 1899-1900

Scope and Contents note

Includes clippings relating to Rowan's service in Cebu and the Sudlon mountains.
box 5, folder 4-5

#8 1900-1904

box 8, folder 1-3

#13 undated

box 8, folder 4-6

#14 1898-1930

box 5, folder 7

"All's Well that Ends Well" 1898-1922

Scope and Contents note

Includes a letter written by Rowan to Colonel Arthur L. Wagner dated May 16, 1898, which gives a full account of Rowan's mission to Cuba.
box 6, folder 1

"Bestowal of D. S. C." 1922, 1926

Scope and Contents note

Contains clippings relating to the Distinguished Service Cross Rowan received on August 28, 1922.
box 5, folder 6

Untitled 1881-1929

box 9, folder 1-4

Untitled 1898-1910

box 10, folder 1-4

Untitled 1900-1934

box 10, folder 5-8

Untitled 1903-1906

box 9, folder 5-8

Untitled 1922-1923

box 10, folder 9

Untitled 1928-1931

 

Oversize Material 1888-1904, undated

box 6, folder 11

Captured flags and handkerchief (access images) circa 1900

Scope and Contents note

Seven flags and a handkerchief with embroidered initials "E. A." that were captured during Rowan's tours in the Philippines. Includes two National Flags of the Philippines, also known as the Three Stars and a Sun, with handpainted designs. This flag was first adopted in 1898 and designed by Emilio Aguinaldo, first president of the Philippines. Originals housed in an oversize folder in the map case.
box 6, folder 11

Military maps of Cuba printed on cloth (access images) 1989

Access

Originals housed in an oversize folder in the map case.
drawer K08

Miscellaneous maps 1888-1904, undated

Scope and Contents note

Contains various maps captured, drawn, or used by Rowan during his military service in Cuba and the Philippines. Includes several copies of a sketch map showing the insurgent positions in the Bujisan (Bocaue) Mountains in Cebu, Philippines created from a sketch Rowan made in 1899.
 

Printed Matter 1891-1938, undated

box 6, folder 2-4

Clippings 1913-1938, undated

box 6, folder 5

General Descriptive Data booklets on Centeral America 1917, 1919

Scope and Contents note

Includes booklets on Guatemala, Honduras, Costa Rica, El Salvador, and Nicaragua. Also includes a photograph of an unidentified location.
box 6, folder 6

La Guerra Ispano-Americana del 1898 undated

box 6, folder 7

Hubbard, Elbert, A Message to García 1926

Scope and Contents note

Includes an inscription from Rowan to General Carlos Hernández. This published version also includes excerpts from press articles about Rowan's trip to deliver the message to García.
box 6, folder 8

Informe de la Secretaría de Relaciones Exteriores a la Asamblea Legislativa acerca de la captura y muerte del General J. Martín Barrundia 1891

box 6, folder 9

Poillon, Arthur, Report on the Celebes Islands (Netherlands Indies) 1906

box 6, folder 10

Report of Major R. K. Evans, Assistant Adjutant-General, United States Army, Chief Umpire Maneuver Division 1904