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Carrier (Joseph M.) papers
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Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Access
  • Conditions Governing Use
  • Preferred Citation
  • Acquisition Information
  • Processing Information
  • Biography
  • Scope and Content
  • Separated Materials, initial donation
  • Separated Materials, second donation
  • Arrangement

  • Language of Material: English
    Contributing Institution: ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives, USC Libraries, University of Southern California
    Title: Joseph M. Carrier papers
    creator: Carrier, Joseph M.
    Identifier/Call Number: Coll2007-001
    Physical Description: 17 Linear Feet 6 archive boxes, 21 archive cartons, 1 archive flat box, 1 archive shoebox, 1 sculpture
    Date (inclusive): 1903-2011
    Date (bulk): bulk
    Abstract: Correspondence, surveys, questionnaires, interviews, research notes, journal reviews, conference materials, and published reference materials documenting Carrier's anthropological field research on homosexual behaviors of men of Spanish and Indian ancestry in Mexico and of Hispanic and Vietnamese males in Southern California and his work with the Orange County Health Agency AIDS Community Education Project (ACEP).


    The collection is open to researchers. Access to some documents containing personal identifiable information may be restricted.

    Conditions Governing Use

    All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the ONE Archivist. Permission for publication is given on behalf of ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives at USC Libraries as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.

    Preferred Citation

    [Box/folder #, or item name] Joseph M. Carrier papers, Coll2007-001, ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives, USC Libraries, University of Southern California.

    Acquisition Information

    Initial gift of Joseph M. Carrier, June 22, 2006. Second gift of Joseph M Carrier, June-September, 2010.

    Processing Information

    Collection processed by Michael C. Oliveira, January 17, 2007. Mario Macias assisted processing additions to this collection during an internship during the summer of 2013. Final processing completed by Kyle Morgan, 2015.


    Joseph Michel Carrier, Jr., was born on December 23, 1927, in Miami, Florida. He enlisted in the Marine Corps in 1945, but was still in boot camp when World War II ended, and was discharged early. After earning a BA in Geography from the University of Miami in 1950, he was recalled by the Marines for fourteen months and completed his tour as a sergeant. In 1952, he received an MA in Economics from Purdue University. The following year Carrier traveled on a Fulbright Scholarship to India, where he researched the economic effects of energy resource distribution in the northeastern region of the country. In 1954, he taught geography at the University of Miami. He then relocated to California where, after a brief stint at North American Aviation, he joined the Rand Corporation, for whom he worked from 1956 to 1968 as a research analyst on various projects. In 1968, upon returning to the United States after performing field research as a counterinsurgency specialist in Vietnam, Carrier was told of his pending dismissal for "economic reasons." In fact, his fellow employees in Saigon had reported a suspected homosexual affair with a Vietnamese Air Force officer to his superior in the Santa Monica office. At the time Rand considered homosexuals a security risk and subject to dismissal; however Carrier negotiated his departure from the company without admitting to the affair. His resignation provided Carrier the opportunity to return to school to study anthropology. Professor Duane Metzger of the University of California at Irvine was open to the concept of a graduate student researching male homosexuality, but advised Carrier to avoid mentioning homosexuality when applying to the graduate program. The UC Irvine program allowed one off-campus expert to serve on graduate advisory committees. Carrier sought out Evelyn Hooker, a UCLA professor and research authority on homosexuality. At Metzger's suggestion Carrier focused on homosexual behaviors in Mexico. He obtained a National Institute of Health two-year pre-doctoral fellowship and from the autumn of 1969 to the spring of 1971, conducted research in Guadalajara, observing and interviewing urban Mexican mestizos men who had sex with men. This was the first doctoral-level anthropological field research focused on homosexual behaviors. He received his Ph.D. the following year.
    With no prospects for a position in sex research, Carrier briefly served as a staff officer at the National Academy of Science, where he researched the effects of herbicides utilized by American military forces in South Vietnam. From 1973 to 1987, he worked part-time as an evaluator of experimental law enforcement programs in the state of California. The part-time nature of this work allowed Carrier to continue his research, and extend the scope of fieldwork into the Mexican states he passed through on his drive from California to Guadalajara. The rise of the AIDS epidemic underscored the importance of Carrier's work, as his research on Mexican men who have sex with men provided public health officials with insights on this previously undocumented world. In the fall of 1987, Carrier joined the Orange County Health Agency AIDS Community Education Project (ACEP) to develop effective HIV/AIDS educational materials for the men of Mexican origin in Orange County. In a county biographical sketch published in 1991 he is described as the health agency's Chief Social Scientist. He retired in 1992. In his final year with ACEP, Carrier conducted an ethnographic study of the sexual behaviors of men of Vietnamese origin in Orange County. He continues to study men of Mexican and Vietnamese origins in order to develop a greater understanding of their sexual behaviors that will allow service providers to create and implement more effective HIV/AIDS educational programs. In 1995, the culmination of more than twenty-five years of his research, De Los Otros: Intimacy and Homosexuality among Mexican Men was published.
    Joseph M. Carrier Papers, Coll2007-001, ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives, Los Angeles, California.
    Carrier, Joseph M. De los otros intimacy and homosexuality among Mexican men (New York: Columbia University Press, 1995), ix-xxii.

    Scope and Content

    The collection is organized into five series: 1) Correspondence, 2) Writings, 3) Professional Activities, 4) Personal Papers, Computer Files, and Miscellanea, and 5) Reference Materials. The Correspondence Series comprises letters related to his research and professional activities. The Writings Series consists of materials relating to Carrier's published works, including his book, De Los Otros: Intimacy and Homosexuality among Mexican Men, and journal articles and reviews. The Professional Activities Series documents Carrier's activities as peer reviewer, in particular for the Journal of Sex Research and the University of Chicago Press; as a member of the National Institutes of Health Mental Health AIDS Research Review Committee; as editor of the Anthropology Research Group on Homosexuality Newsletter (1979-1980); as a researcher compiling interviews, questionnaires, notes, and analyses of collected data relating to the sexual behaviors of Mexican men in Mexico and Latinos and Vietnamese in Southern California; and as a speaker at national conferences. The Personal Papers, Computer Files, and Miscellanea Series includes papers documenting his close friendship with Evelyn Hooker; photographs of his friends and travels; computer files of his research work, writings, and correspondence; notes and biographical materials; and documents regarding Carrier's travels to Southeast Asia. The Reference Materials Series comprises the bulk of the collection. The materials include copies of book chapters and journal articles, as well as typescripts, in particular on HIV/AIDS among Latino, ethnicity, gender, homosexuality, and Vietnamese sexuality. The papers also include materials acquired by Carrier during the late 1980s and early 1990s as a member of the Mental Health AIDS Research Review Committee (MHAZ) which reviewed grant proposals submitted to the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Division of Research for review by the Alcohol, Drug Abuse, Mental Health Administration (ADAMHA) as well as miscellaneous reference materials from the Orange County Health Agency ACEP program. The materials also include newspaper and magazine clippings relating primarily to AIDS, gays, and Mexico.

    Separated Materials, initial donation

    Separated to ONE library
    Archives of Sexual Behavior Vol.20, No.3, 1991.
    El Ambiente: Male Homosexual Social Life in Mexico City Clark Louis Taylor, Jr.; 1978.
    El amor en los tiempos del SIDA Eduardo del Rio, 1988.
    Evaluation and Management of Early HIV Infection Clinical Practice Guideline, No. 7, 1994.
    The Homosexual C.A. Tripp, 1975.
    Kaerlighedens Billedbog Erotikken I Nyt Lys, 1960.
    Medidas Preventidas: SIDA CONASIDA, 1987.
    Perspectives on the Social Effects of AIDS California Sociologist, Vol. 11, No. 1-2, 1988.
    The Rejected John W. Reavis, Jr. Pan-Graphic Press, 1961.
    Sexorgier i billeder = Sexorgies in pictures = Sexorgien in Bildern Gerh Eriksen, 1966.
    Urban Mexican Male Homosexual Encounters: An Analysis of Participants and Coping Strategies, 1972.
    Separated to ONE manuscripts collection
    Behaviorally Bisexual Men and AIDS Center for Disease Control, 1989
    Illustraded Instructor's Reference: Veneral Disease Prophylaxis War Department, 1943
    Male Homosexuality and AIDS in Santa Cruz, Bolivia; Sexual Culture and Public Health Policy Timothy Wright, 1993
    Separted to ONE pamphlet collection
    Vocational Guidance and Gay Liberation Ralph Blair, general editor, 1972.
    Non-LGBT Newspaper Front Page collection
    Daily Trojan University of Southern California, September 18, 1975.
    Separated to ONE periodical collection
    Adelante Vol. 1, No. 6, November 1989; Vol. 5, No. 3, Agosto 2002
    The Advocate No. 163, May 1975; No. 166, June 1975
    AIDS Alert Vol. 4, No. 5, May 1989
    AIDS & Anthropology Bulletin Vol. 12, Issue 1, February 2000
    AIDS Care Vol. 6, No. 5, 1994; Vol. 7, No. 5, 1995
    AIDS/HIV Record Vol. 2, Nos. 21-22, December 1988
    Alarma! 349, 371, 379, 380, 388, 398, 402, 408, 410, 427, 478, 601, 648, 658, 682, 683, 702, 853, 986 (1970 - 1982).
    Alerta Policiaca Año 1, No. 6; 291 (January 30, 1971).
    Anthropology Research Group On Homosexuality Vol. 3, No. 3, 1981; Vol. 5, No. 3, 1984.
    Annual Review of Sex Research Vol. 2, 1991.
    Arena Three Vol. 1, No. 4, April 1964.
    Art and Understanding August 1994.
    Bay Area Reporter BAR Vol. 5 No. 24, December 04, 1975.
    Being Alive January 1993.
    The Body Positive Vol. 3, No. 11, December 1990.
    CDC HIV/AIDS Prevention Vol. 1, No. 1, October 1990; Vol. 1, No. 2, December 1990.
    Chicos Modernos Vol. 1, 1987; Vol. 2, 1989; Vol. 3, 1989.
    The COSSMHO Reporter Vol. 20, No. 1-2, 1995.
    Crisálida Agosto, 1983; Octubre 1983; Noviembre 1983; Diciembre 1983; Enero 1984; Septiembre 1984; Noviembre 1984; Deciembre 1984; Enero 1985; Septiembre 1985; Diciembre 1985.
    Culture, Health & Sexuality Vol. 1, No. 3, 1999.
    Custodia: Unicamente la verdad Febrero 1991.
    Cybersocket Issue 4.4, July/August 2002.
    Del Otro Lado No. 2-3, 1992.
    Estilo Libre Revista Año 1, No. 5, Diciembre 2007.
    FagRag Nos. 23-24, 1978.
    FOCUS: A Guide to AIDS Research and Counseling Vol. 5, No. 11, October 1990.
    Frontera Gay Vol. 1, No. 3, Mayo 1991; Vol. 2, No. 22, Febrero 1995.
    Gaceta CONASIDA 1, 1, 1988; 1, 3, 1988.
    Gay Sunshine No. 36/37, Spring/Summer 1978; No. 38/39, Winter 1979.
    Guadalajara Weekly Vol. 32, No. 19, June 2003.
    Hand In Hand (Oregon) September 1994.
    HIV Capsule Report Issue 2, July 1994.
    Hogar Latino March 1990; July 1990; September 1990; November 1990; December 1991; May 1991.
    Homópolis Año 1, No. 6, Oct. 2002.
    International Institute for Asian Studies Newsletter 29, Nov. 2002.
    International Lesbian and Gay Association July 1988; No. 3, 1989; No. 4, 1989.
    Las Maracas: revista de sub-cultura, contracultura, y floricultura Octubre, 1985.
    Lavender Reader (Santa Cruz County, CA) Summer 1993.
    LETRA S, salud, sexualidad, sida Diciembre 1997; Junio 1998.
    Patlatolli: Palabra Lesbica Octubre, 1987; Primavera 1988.
    Positively Aware Fall 1993.
    Quipú Vol. 8, No. 21, 1994.
    Rhodes Island Project AIDS May 1990.
    Salud Fronteriza: Border Health Vol. VII, No. 4, 1991.
    San Francisco Epidemiologic Bulletin Vol. 5, No. 8, 1989.
    Sexually Transmitted Diseases Vol. 25, No. 7, August 1998.
    SIDA 2, 7, Julio 1988; 2, 8, Agosto 1988 ; 2, 9, Septiembre 1988.
    Society of Lesbian and Gay Anthropologists Vol. 10, No. 1, February 1988; Vol. 10, No. 3, October 1988; Vol. 12, No. 2, June 1990.
    Southern California Applied Anthropology Network Vol. 2, No. 9, December 1986; Vol. 4, No. 4, April 1987.
    Southern California Applied Anthropology Network Directory September 1986.
    Spice! Magazine No. 13, February 2008.
    Unidad August/September 1989 .
    Uno sobre otro Año 1, Julio 1988; Año 1, No. 2, Junio 1988; Año 1, No. 7, Mayo 1988.
    Urbana Año 1, No. 12, Febrero 2007; Año 2, No. 16, Junio 2007.
    Tentaciones (62) Julio, 1995.
    The Voice (Orange County, CA) Vol 3, No. 1, 1992.
    The Voice of Vietnamese Lesbians & Gays April 1993.
    ¿Y Que? #2, Agosto 1983; #7, Marzo 1984; #7, Abril 1985.
    ¡Y Que! #4, Junio 1984.

    Separated Materials, second donation

    Separated to the ONE audiovisual collection
    APA symposium regarding homosexuality with John DeCecco, Hanry Minton, and Gary McDonald. August 23, circa 1970s. [audiocassette]
    Carrier, Joe, interview/oral history [DVD]
    Corona, Juan, murder case. Evelyn Hooker talking with laywers. January 27, 1977. [2 audiocassettes]
    DeCecco, John, psychologist, San Francisco State University, Center for Homosexual Education Evaluation and Research (CHEER), December 11, 1976. Both Joe Carrier and Evelyn Hooker are present. Also (side B) Hooker talking about transsexuality with "Jack." [audiocassette]
    DeCecco, John, psychologist, San Francisco State University, Center for Homosexual Education Evaluation and Research (CHEER), December 11, 1976. Both Joe Carrier and Evelyn Hooker are present. [audiocassette]
    [Homosexual case history interview?] [CD]
    Hooker, Evelyn and her family talk about the Gentry family history. [3 audiocassettes]
    Hooker, Evelyn psychoanalysis seesions with "Max." May-June 1973. [2 audiocassettes]
    Hooker, Evelyn psychoanalysis seesions with Phil Anderegg May-December 1973. [21 audiocassettes]
    Hooker, Evelyn, talk at Dignity, undated. [audiocassette]
    PFLAG Focus Group, Garden Grove, CA, September 27, 1992. [audiocassette]
    Rechy, John, trial data, January 18, 1968. [audiocassette]
    Shneidman, Edwin S., founder of the Los Angeles Suicide Prevention Center, retirement party. Joseph Carrier was one of the speakers. [audiocassette]
    Withrow, Ed. Side A: Ed Withrow's phone conversations with lawyer Mr. Weiss regarding a "disturbing the peace" charge that cost him over $900. Side B: Off TV, channel 28, drama about a woman who talks about having an affair with a bisexual man. [audiocassette]
    Separated to the ONE book library
    Bieber, Irving. Homosexuality: A Psychoanalytic Study. New York: Basic Books, Inc., 1962.
    Blackwood, Evelyn. The Many Faces of Homosexuality: Anthropological Approaches to Homosexual Behavior. New York: Harrington Park Press, 1986.
    Gonsiorek, John C., Ed. Homosexuality: Research implications for public policy. 1991.
    Kama Sutra. San Francisco; Svaha Press, 1967. (moldy)
    Knight, Richard Payne, and Thomas Wright. Sexual Symbolism: A History of Phallic Worship. New York: The Julian Press, Inc., 1957.
    Mantegazza, Paolo. Sexual Relations of Mankind. New York: Falstaff Press, 1932.
    Separated to the ONE directory collection
    Guild Guide. Guild Press: 1964, 1968, 1973.
    Separated to the ONE poster collection
    "2° Semana De Los Derechos De Las Lesbianas Y Los Homosexualies / Del 28 De Mayo Al 4 De Junio De 1983 Gudalajara, Jal. / Grupo Orgullo Homosexual De Liberacion." Image of a mirrored woman and a quote by Utopia Gay.
    "6° Marcha Nacional Del Orgullo / Gay / Monumento a los Ninos Heroes al Hemiciclo a Juarez / Sabado 20 De Junio / 16:00 horas." Background images of bricks. Copyright to R. Mauleon, circa 1984.
    "Conferncia Nacional / Lesbianas y Homosexuales en las Elecciones de 1982 / Hotel Galeria Plaza Hamburgo 195 Mexico / Sabado 20 De Febrero 9:00am / Comite De Lesbianas Y Homosexuales En Apoyo A Rosario Ibarra." Image of a conference room filled with seated women.
    "Hermosa Y Protegida / Un Programa De Educacion y Proteccion / Gay and Lesbian Community Services Center of Orange County / AIDS Response Program / Pepe Amaro / AIDS/HIV community Educator." Image of a woman's bare back, with her face in profile.
    "Overrun AIDS 94 / Cascade AIDS Project / Waterfront Park, Portland / September 11, 1994." Four images: one of a wreath with the word "victory," one with a palm and a heart, one with a runner crossing the finish line, one with an AIDS ribbon.
    "Prevenga esta terrible enfermedad / El Sida / AIDS Education Project of the Nipomo Community Medical Center / State of California Office of AIDS." Image of a yellow skull with a hypodermic needle in its teeth and the questions: "Que Es El SIda? / Como Se Contrae? / Quien Esta En Peligro? / como Se Puede Prevenir?"
    "Rompiendo el Silencio, 5a Marcha Del Orgullo Homosexual, 25 De Junio Mnto. Ninos Heroes Hemiciclo a Juarez 3;30pm." Image of yellow and purple butterflies flying out of a closet. 1993.
    "Senderos / Un Programa Latino de Acceso a Servicios / Gay and Lesbian Community Services Center of Orange County / AIDS Response Program / Rogaciano Zavaleta / Outreach Coordinator." Image of a person's outline with a pink triangle coming out his feet, with four white arrows pointing to the word "senderos."
    "Sida / Un esfuerzo mundial lo vencera / Con Sida No Hay Vida / Departmento De Salud Del Gobierno / Del Estado de Jalisco." Image of a red heart with a blue skull in the middle.'"
    Separated to the ONE ephemera collection
    Reality Female Condom package with condom, lubricant, and instruction manual.
    Separated to the ONE periodical collection
    Atraccion. No. 182, December 2007.
    Atractivo. No. 015, November 30, 2001.
    AIDS & Anthropology Bulletin. V. 4, No. 4, April 1993; V. 6, No. 2, 1994.
    AIDS Surveillance in the Americas. June 10, 1994.
    AIDS Weekly. March 6, 1995; February 27, 1995; February 6, 1995; January 30, 1995; December 19, 1994; March 3, 1997; January 29, 1996; December 26, 1994; and January 2, 1995.
    Archives of Sexual Behavior. V. 24, No. 1, February 1995; V. 6, No. 1, January 1977.
    Being Alive Newsletter. July 1990.
    Boletin Informativo Para America Latina, International Gay and Lesbian Assocation. No. 3.
    California AIDS update. V. 1, No. 3, May 1988; V. 3, No. 5, May-June 1990; V. 3, No. 6, July 1990.
    California HIV. Testing and Counseling Quarterly Report. April-June 1993; July-September 1993.
    Corpus . V. 4, No. 1, Spring 2006.
    County of Orange, Health Care Agency Disease Control. Human Immunodeficiency Virus Monitoring Report. November 1990; October 1990; September 1990; July-September 1993.
    fab! V. 6, No. 145, January 5, 2001.
    Frontera Gay. V. 2, No. 28, October-November 1996; V. 2, No. 31, May-June 1997.
    HIV/AIDS Surveillance. CDC. July 1990; April 1991; December 1990; August 1990.
    Homopolis. V. 2, No. 61, October 28 – November 11, 2005.
    Human Sexuality: An Age of Ambiguity. Gagnon, John, ed. Social Series, No. 1. 1975.
    Journal of Homosexuality. V. 4, No. 4, Summer 1979; V. 5, No. 4, Summer 1980; V. 6, No. 3, Spring 1981.
    The Journal of Sex Research. V. 22, No. 3, August 1986; V. 23, No. 1, February 1987; V. 27, No. 4, November 1990.
    Latino AIDS Information resources. Latinos and AIDS Statistical Report #3. December 1990.
    Latino AIDS Information resources. Latinos and AIDS bibliography. December 1990.
    Medical Anthropology. V.10, No.2-3, March 1989.
    PI perspective. No. 6, March 1989.
    Revista Estilo Libre. V. 1, No. 5, December 2007.
    Salud Publica de Mexico. Vo. 30, No. 30, July-August 1998.
    Ser gay. No. 217, May 30 – June 6, 2003.
    Sexual Law Reporter. V. 3, No. 1, January-February 1977; V. 2, No. 3, May-June 1976.
    Society of Lesbian and Gay Anthropologists Newsletter. V. 14, No. 3. October 1992.
    Thai Guys. No. 35, 2004.
    Urbana. V. 1, No. 5, July 2006; V. 2, No. 13, 15, 18, 19, March-September 2007
    Separated to the ONE program collection
    The Eighth Annual Lambda Literary Awards. 1996.


    The collection is organized into five series:
    1) Correspondence, 1950-2008
    2) Writings, 1964-2008
    3) Professional Activities, 1943-2002
    4) Personal Papers, Computer Files, and Miscellanea, 1903-2011
    5) Reference Materials, 1908-2002

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Gay men -- Sexual behavior -- Mexico -- Guadalajara
    Sexual behavior surveys -- Mexico -- Guadalajara
    Homosexuality -- Mexico -- Guadalajara
    Anthropology -- Research -- Gay men
    AIDS (Disease) -- Social aspects
    Anthropology -- Research -- Sex behavior -- Male
    Anthropology -- Research -- Mexico -- Guadalajara
    Gay liberation movement -- Mexico -- Guadalajara
    Carrier, Joseph M.
    Carrier, Joseph M.