Correspondence, surveys, questionnaires, interviews, research notes, journal reviews, conference materials, and published
reference materials documenting Carrier's anthropological field research on homosexual behaviors of men of Spanish and Indian
ancestry in Mexico and of Hispanic and Vietnamese males in Southern California and his work with the Orange County Health
Agency AIDS Community Education Project (ACEP).
Joseph Michel Carrier, Jr., was born on December 23, 1927, in Miami, Florida. He enlisted in the Marine Corps in 1945, but
was still in boot camp when World War II ended, and was discharged early. After earning a BA in Geography from the University
of Miami in 1950, he was recalled by the Marines for fourteen months and completed his tour as a sergeant. In 1952, he received
an MA in Economics from Purdue University. The following year Carrier traveled on a Fulbright Scholarship to India, where
he researched the economic effects of energy resource distribution in the northeastern region of the country. In 1954, he
taught geography at the University of Miami. He then relocated to California where, after a brief stint at North American
Aviation, he joined the Rand Corporation, for whom he worked from 1956 to 1968 as a research analyst on various projects.
In 1968, upon returning to the United States after performing field research as a counterinsurgency specialist in Vietnam,
Carrier was told of his pending dismissal for "economic reasons." In fact, his fellow employees in Saigon had reported a suspected
homosexual affair with a Vietnamese Air Force officer to his superior in the Santa Monica office. At the time Rand considered
homosexuals a security risk and subject to dismissal; however Carrier negotiated his departure from the company without admitting
to the affair. His resignation provided Carrier the opportunity to return to school to study anthropology. Professor Duane
Metzger of the University of California at Irvine was open to the concept of a graduate student researching male homosexuality,
but advised Carrier to avoid mentioning homosexuality when applying to the graduate program. The UC Irvine program allowed
one off-campus expert to serve on graduate advisory committees. Carrier sought out Evelyn Hooker, a UCLA professor and research
authority on homosexuality. At Metzger's suggestion Carrier focused on homosexual behaviors in Mexico. He obtained a National
Institute of Health two-year pre-doctoral fellowship and from the autumn of 1969 to the spring of 1971, conducted research
in Guadalajara, observing and interviewing urban Mexican mestizos men who had sex with men. This was the first doctoral-level
anthropological field research focused on homosexual behaviors. He received his Ph.D. the following year.
17 Linear Feet
6 archive boxes, 21 archive cartons, 1 archive flat box, 1 archive shoebox, 1 sculpture
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