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Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Acquisition Information
  • Accruals
  • Biographical Note
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Arrangement

  • Title: Leon Gouré papers
    Date (inclusive): 1919-2007
    Collection Number: 2008C93
    Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
    Language of Material: English
    Physical Description: 59 manuscript boxes, 1 oversize box (26.0 linear feet)
    Abstract: Speeches and writings, reports, studies, conference materials, printed matter, and slides, relating to Soviet defenses and military policy, especially civil defense measures, and to nuclear warfare strategy.
    Physical location: Hoover Institution Archives
    Creator: Gouré, Leon


    Collection is open for research. The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Leon Gouré papers, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives

    Acquisition Information

    The papers were acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives from Daniel Gouré in 2008.


    Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

    Biographical Note

    1922, November 1 Born, Moscow, Russia
    1923 Emigrated with family from Russia to Germany
    1933 Emigrated from Germany to France
    1940 Emigrated from France to the United States
    1943-1946 United States Army Counterintelligence Corps
    1947 B.A., New York University
    1949 M.I.A., Columbia University
    1951-1969 Staff member, Rand Corporation
    1961 Ph.D., Georgetown University
    1969-1978 Director of Soviet studies, Center for Advanced International Studies, University of Miami
    1978-1980 Associate director, Advanced International Studies Institute, Washington, D.C.
    1980-2004 Director, Center for Soviet Studies, Science Applications International Corporation
    2007, March 16 Died, Arlington, Virginia

    Scope and Content of Collection

    The papers of Leon Gouré, American Sovietologist, defense expert, and longtime staff member of, first, the Rand Corporation, and, subsequently, the Science Applications International Corporation, concern Soviet defense policy. Gouré's initial area of expertise was Soviet civil defense. While maintaining this interest throughout a long career, he broadened his research to cover Soviet military policy and strategic thinking in general. A persistent theme was Soviet perception of American and NATO defense policy.
    The heart of the collection is the SPEECHES AND WRITINGS series, including lectures, briefing presentations, conference papers, Congressional testimony, technical reports, journal articles and longer writings by Gouré, alone or in collaboration with colleagues. Many of the writings, all unclassified, are reports commissioned by United States government agencies, including defense, arms control, nuclear energy, emergency management and other agencies. In addition to civil defense, specific topics include nuclear war strategy, deterrence, nuclear proliferation, arms reduction negotiations, emergency planning, ballistic missile defense, and the Chernobyl nuclear accident. Some writings are concerned with placing military and strategic issues within a broader ideological and geopolitical context, with analysis of the nature of Soviet society and its decision-making process. Gouré's academic lectures on Soviet society and foreign policy as a professor at the University of Miami are included. While directly addressing Soviet perceptions of American policy, the writings also serve to document American perceptions of Soviet policy during the Cold War. A feature of particular interest is that they extend through the decade of the 1990s, thus dealing not only with the Cold War period at its peak, but also with the transition from Soviet Union to post-Soviet Russia. They document the perception of the disintegration of the Soviet Union and of the new Russian political entity within American strategic circles.


    The collection is arranged in seven series: Biographical File, 1973-2007; Speeches and Writings, 1954-2004; Writings By Others, 1950-1998; Subject File, 1942-2005; Printed Monographs, 1919-1968; Audiovisual Material, undated; and Oversize file, 1958.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Arms control.
    Civil defense--Soviet Union.
    Nuclear weapons.
    Russia (Federation)--Defenses.
    Russia (Federation)--Military policy.
    Slides (Photography).
    Soviet Union--Defenses.
    Soviet Union--Military policy.