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Guide to the Robert Billigmeier Collection CEMA 60
CEMA 60  
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Collection Details
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  • Conditions Governing Use note
  • Conditions Governing Access note
  • Series Description
  • Scope and Contents note
  • Biographical/Historical note
  • Related Archival Materials note
  • Preferred Citation note

  • Title: Robert Billigmeier collection
    Identifier/Call Number: CEMA 60
    Contributing Institution: UC Santa Barbara Library, Department of Special Collections
    Language of Material: English
    Physical Description: 2.5 linear feet (4 document boxes and 1 photo box)
    Date (bulk): Bulk, 1942-1943
    Date (inclusive): 1940-1987
    Abstract: The Robert Billigmeier collection holds some of the documents of the University of California's Evacuation and Resettlement Study begining in 1942. The collection contains reports conducted under the direction of University of California, Berkeley Professor Dorothy Swain Thomas. There are also publications such as Professor's Dorothy Swaine Thomas' book The Spoilage and the WRA: A Story of Human Conservation. There is a scrapbook produced by the students at Tule Lake, photographs of the internment camp and photos of Billigmeier's personal life.
    General Physical Description note: Four document boxes and one photo box
    creator: Billigmeier, Robert Henry

    Conditions Governing Use note

    Copyright has not been assigned to the Department of Special Collections, UCSB. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Head of Special Collections. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the Department of Special Collections as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which also must be obtained.

    Conditions Governing Access note


    Series Description

    Series I Research Studies, 1942-1987
    This series includes the Tule Lake Monograph, by Robert Billigmeier, written in 1976. It also contains the subseries of The University of California study of evacuation and resettelment at Tule Lake, composed by various authors. The study is arranged according to an outline provided in the study. There are also three writings composed by Robert Spencer on the Gila River internment camp and two post internment camp articles.
    Series II Publications, 1942-1979
    Series two is composed of two subseries, the first subseries being Newsletters, Newspaper and Magazines. It contains newsletters published in the early 40's and in 1950. It also holds newspapers and magazines published at Tule Lake from 1942-1943. The second subseries is Books and Booklets, concerning Tule Lake and other Japanese-American internment camps, composed by a variety of authors. The books and booklets are arranged alphabetically.
    Series III Scrapbook, 1942
    This is a scrapbook created in Tule Lake by the Japanese-American students.
    Series IV Photographs, 1939-1952
    This Photograph album contains approximately 300 black and white photographs of Billigmeier's personal life and his stay at Tule Lake.

    Scope and Contents note

    The Robert Billigmeier Collection contains photographs, a scrapbook, published and unpublished documents regarding the Tule Lake Relocation Center from 1942 to 1943. However, the entire collection ranges from 1940 to 1987. Series I contains research reports concerning the organization of Tule Lake and experiences undergone by the students, as seen through the students personality cards. In the personality cards students wrote about their day and their feelings regarding specific topics such as democracy. The series also contains documents written after 1943 such as the monograph, "Tule Lake in 1976," by Robert Billigmeier, "A Victim of the Evacuation and Resettlement Study (JERS)" by Violet Kazue de Cristoforo in 1987 and "Educational Norms in Japanese Immigrant Communities" written by Katsuhiko in 1976. Series II contains Tule Lake publications such as the Tri State High Magazine, Tulean Dispatch Magazine and books such as Impounded People: Japanese-Americans in the Relocation Centers, and The Displaced Japanese-Americans previously titled Issei Nisei Kibei in Fortune magazine. Series III contains a scrapbook created by the students at the relocation center in 1942. Series IV consists of photographs dating from 1939 to 1952. The photos are from the Tule Lake relocation center and of Billigmeiers personal life, including his graduation and family trips.

    Biographical/Historical note

    Robert Billigmeier (1914-1996) was a UCSB Sociology professor who specialized in the areas of demographics, social movements and European and American ethnic groups. He was very interested in the Romansh Culture. In 1951 he earned his PH.D. on the history of the Romansh Culture from Stanford University. Billigmeier provided many scholarly contributions such as A Crisis in Swiss Pluralism published in 1979. The book provided an extensive analysis on the history of the Raeto Romansh over the past thousand years. He also wrote books about Swiss immigrants in America and German Americans.
    In the autumn of 1942 he was employed at the Tule Lake Relocation Center as a field research assistant on the Evacuation and Resettlement Study of the University of California. During his research at Tule Lake he observed the Japanese-American interns and the overall lifestyle at the internment camps. Twenty-four years later, 1976, he worked on a monograph of Tule Lake which includes diary excerpts, short essays and letters by Japanese-American high school students written in the Tule Lake relocation center.
    Billigmeier was also actively involed in the UCSB, Santa Barbara and Switzerland communities. At UCSB he was the foreign student advisor from 1955 to 1963, associate director for the Education Abroad Program from 1964 to 1976 and member and supporter of the Faculty Club. In Santa Barbara he worked for international cooperation, fair housing and family planning. While visiting Swizerland he became involved with community organizations for the preservation of the Romansh culture.

    Related Archival Materials note

    Harold S. Jacoby Nisei Collection, Mss27, Holt-Atherton Department of Special Collections, University of the Pacific Library
    Japanese American evacuation and resettlement records, BANC MSS 67/14 c, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.

    Preferred Citation note

    Robert Billigmeier Collection, CEMA 60, Department of Special Collections, University Library, University of California, Santa Barbara

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Tule Lake Relocation Center.
    Japanese -- United States
    Newly cataloged
    World War, 1939-1945 -- Evacuation of civilians