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Vollard (Ambroise) Miscellaneous papers regarding
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Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Biographical / Historical Note
  • Administrative Information
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Indexing Terms

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Miscellaneous papers regarding Ambroise Vollard
    Date (inclusive): 1890-1939 (bulk 1890-1910)
    Number: 2001.M.24
    Creator/Collector: Getty Research Institute
    Physical Description: 6 Linear Feet (11 boxes)
    The Getty Research Institute
    Special Collections
    1200 Getty Center Drive, Suite 1100
    Los Angeles 90049-1688
    URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10020/askref
    (310) 440-7390
    Abstract: Collection comprises original and photocopied letters and records related to the French art dealer Ambroise Vollard and the artists he represented.
    Request Materials: Request access to the physical materials described in this inventory through the catalog record  for this collection. Click here for the access policy .
    Language: Collection material is in English

    Biographical / Historical Note

    Ambroise Vollard, the pioneer French art dealer, patron and publisher, can be said to be the first of the 'modern' art dealers. Malcolm Gee calls Vollard the "most notable contemporary art dealer of his generation in France." Born 1867 in Réunion, he moved to Paris to study law in 1890 and soon began buying and selling prints and drawings. After working at L'Union Artistique for Alphonse Dumas, Vollard set up his own business and in 1894 opened a gallery near the Opéra on the Rue Laffitte, then the center of the Paris art business.
    Vollard organized Cézanne's first one-man exhibit and, as was his habit, bought works directly from the artist, building a collection of enormous value. He also bought work from van Gogh, Gauguin, Bonnard, Denis, Redon, Vuillard, Derain, Rouault, Vlaminck, Rousseau, Picasso, Maillol, and Matisse, often holding back the work for years to take advantage of rising prices.
    Vollard is also known for his print publishing business (1890s through 1900) and for establishing the genre of the illustrated art book (livre d'artiste). After 1915 Vollard launched over 40 publishing projects with artists, many of which were incomplete when he died in 1939. Vollard wrote several books on artists (Cézanne, Renoir, Degas, among them) as well as his memoir, published in English with the title Recollections of a Picture Dealer (1936, 1978).

    Administrative Information


    Open for use by qualified researchers with the following exceptions. The Jaz drive in Box 11 containing Gerrard White's inventory and transcriptions is sealed. However, a paper hard copy of the documents is available for read-only access in Box 12 and Box 13; it may not be photocopied or digitally copied in whole or in part.

    Publication Rights

    Preferred Citation

    Miscellaneous papers regarding Ambroise Vollard, 1890-1939, bulk 1890-1910, The Getty Research Institute, Los Angeles, Accession no. 2001.M.24.

    Acquisition Information

    The collection was assembled from various sources by Gerrard White, who also made the transcriptions in the collection. Acquired by the Getty Research Library in 2004.

    Processing History

    Processed by J. Gibbs and Lily Tsukahira.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    Collection comprises original and photocopied letters and records related to the art dealer Ambroise Vollard and the artists he represented. Also included are transcriptions of photocopied materials.
    Included are: 83 items of correspondence, 3 documents, 18 b&w photographs, 12 publications, 1 sketchbook, 2 watercolors, and 1 lithograph. The photocopies of stockbooks, account books, and correspondence, were made from original materials, some of which are now in the Musee D'Orsay. The transcriptions were made by Gerrard White from the photocopies.
    Correspondence centers on artists Paul Gauguin, Georges Rouault, Pierre Bonnard, Edouard Vuillard, Théophile Alexandre Steinlen, Daniel de Monfreid, Henri Gabriel Ibels, and Maurice Denis; prominent critics such as Felix Feneon, Roger Marx, Andre Mellerio, Gabriel Mourey, and Jules Laforgue; dealers such as Vollard, Edouard Kleinmann, and Durand Ruel; collectors such as Chaudet, Gabriel Frizeau, and Alexandre Natanson; publishers such as Floury and Marty; and the print dealer André Clot.
    This collection was assembled by Gerrard White from various sources including Maurice Malingue, the family of André Mellerio, Baron Denys Cochin, the heirs of André Clot, John Rewald, and Louis Sébastien, heir of antiquarian Edouard Jonas.

    Arrangement note

    Arranged in 6 series: Series I. Correspondence concerning Paul Gauguin, 1897-1917; Series II. Other correspondence, 1891-1939; Series III. Correspondence regarding Vollard's painters and the art market, 1887-1924; Series IV. Ambroise Vollard dealer's records and related records in other repositories, ca. 1894-1935; Series V. Catalogues, monographs and exhibition documentation; Series VI. Research file

    Indexing Terms

    Subjects - Names

    Mellerio, André, 1862-1943
    Laforgue, Jules, 1860-1887
    Marty, Andre
    Natanson, Alexandre, 1867-1936
    Marx, Roger, 1859-1913
    Rouault, Georges, 1871-1958
    Mourey, Gabriel, 1865-1943
    Steinlen, Théophile Alexandre, 1859-1923
    Bonnard, Pierre, 1867-1947
    Vollard, Ambroise, 1867-1939
    Monfreid, Daniel de, 1856-1929
    Floury, Henri, 1862-1961
    Denis, Maurice, 1870-1943
    Clot, André
    Fénéon, Félix, 1861-1944
    Frizeau, Gabriel
    Kleinmann, Edouard
    Ibels, Henri-Gabriel, 1867-1936
    Gauguin, Paul, 1848-1903

    Subjects - Corporate Bodies

    Galerie Vollard
    Galerie Durand-Ruel

    Subjects - Topics

    Art -- Marketing -- History
    Art -- Collectors and collecting -- History
    Artists -- France -- Paris
    Art dealers -- France -- Paris
    Collectors and collecting -- France -- History
    Artists' illustrated books

    Genres and Forms of Material

    Photographic prints
    Photographs, Original


    Getty Research Institute
    Monfreid, Daniel de, 1856-1929
    Vuillard, Édouard, 1868-1940
    Vollard, Ambroise, 1867-1939
    Steinlen, Théophile Alexandre, 1859-1923
    Getty Research Institute. Research Library