(b Duquesne, PA, 28 Dec 1903; d Oakland, CA, 22 April 1983). American jazz pianist and bandleader. He studied the trumpet
briefly with his father, took his first piano lessons with his mother, and later studied with other teachers in Pittsburgh.
He first played professionally in 1918, accompanying the singer Lois Deppe, with whom he later made his first recordings;
his earnings allowed him to study with two local pianists.