The papers of Peruvian Surrealist poet
and artist César Moro include notebooks, drafts of poems, manuscripts of articles, personal
diaries, exhibition catalogs, photographs, and correspondence with a number of other artists
of the era, including André Coyné, Benjamin Péret, Paul Éluard, Leonora Carrington, Wolfgang
Paalen, and Rufino Tamayo. Also included are two collages by Moro, a watercolor by Alice
Rahon [Paalen], an etching by Wolfgang Paalen, and several works by patients with mental
illness at the Hospital Larco Herrera, where Moro taught art. The collection also includes
books and journals from Moro's personal library.
César Moro was born Alfredo Quíspez Asín in 1903 in Lima, Peru. He changed his name in 1923
to that of a character in a story by Spanish writer Ramón Gómez de la Serna. Two years later
he joined his older brother in Paris, where he intended to become a ballet dancer, but
instead began writing poetry in French and painting, both activities influenced by the
Surrealist movement. During his time in Paris he participated in exhibitions and published
poems in Surrealist publications. He also met and began long friendships with other artists,
including Benjamin Péret, Paul Éluard, and André Breton.