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Barr (James) Papers
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Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Acquisition Information
  • Processing Information
  • Biography
  • Scope and Content of Collection

  • Language of Material: English
    Contributing Institution: ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives, USC Libraries, University of Southern California
    Title: James Barr papers
    creator: Barr, James
    Identifier/Call Number: Coll2008-043
    Physical Description: 0.6 Linear Feet 1 archive carton
    Date (inclusive): 1951-1991
    Abstract: Manuscripts, correspondence, clippings and photographs relating to gay author James W. Fugaté (1922-1995), who under the pseudonym James Barr, wrote the groundbreaking novel, Quatrefoil (1950), as well as other gay-themed works, including a volume of short stories, Derricks (1951), and a play, Game of Fools (1955). The collection also includes manuscripts of short stories and of articles he contributed to homophile periodicals such as ONE Magazine, Der Kreis and the Mattachine Review; correspondence with his publishers and homophile organizations such as ONE, Inc.; and photographs of Fugaté dating back to 1952.


    The collection is open to researchers. There are no access restrictions.

    Publication Rights

    Researchers wishing to publish materials must obtain permission in writing from ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives as the physical owner. Researchers must also obtain clearance from the holder(s) of any copyrights in the materials. Note that ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives can grant copyright clearance only for those materials for which we hold the copyright. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain copyright clearance for all other materials directly from the copyright holder(s).

    Preferred Citation

    James Barr papers, Coll2008-043, ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives, Los Angeles, California.

    Acquisition Information

    Donor and date of acquisition unknown.

    Processing Information

    Collection processed by Loni Shibuyama, June 24, 2008.
    Processing this collection has been funded by a generous grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.
    Additional materials added by Kyle Morgan, 2015.


    James W. Fugaté was born in Missouri on February 13, 1922. Fugaté was still a child when his mother died and, having never met his father, was relocated several times before a foster couple decided to raise him. After serving in the U.S. Navy during World War II, Fugaté studied professional writing at a university, but soon dropped out and moved to New York City where he earned a living writing advertising copy for television.
    His experience in the Navy was the inspiration for his book, the groundbreaking novel, Quatrefoil, first published in 1950. Written under the pseudonym, James Barr, Quatrefoil is hailed as one of the first novels to present a frank and positive depiction of same-sex love. Following the success of Quatrefoil, he published a volume of short stories, Derricks (1951), and the play, Game of Fools (1955).
    During the Korean War, Fugaté reenlisted in the U.S. Navy, but he was discharged when a background check by Naval Intelligence revealed him to be the author of Quatrefoil. Following the incident, he moved to Los Angeles where he became aware of ONE, Inc., the Mattachine Society and the early gay rights movement. As an early activist, he contributed a number of articles to homophile periodicals--such as ONE Magazine, Der Kreis ( The Circle) and Mattachine Review--throughout the 1950s. By the mid-1960s, however, he lost touch with the gay rights movement and returned to the Midwest, where he earned a living in a variety of jobs, including laborer in oil fields and reporter for the Kansas City Star. He eventually settled in Tulsa, Oklahoma, where he died on March 28, 1995.
    Source: James Barr Papers, Coll2008-043, ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives, Los Angeles, California

    Scope and Content of Collection

    This collection comprises manuscripts, correspondence, clippings and photographs. The manuscripts include short stories and articles Fugaté wrote for early homophile periodicals, such as ONE Magazine and Der Kreis ( The Circle.) The correspondence documents his participation in the 1950s homophile movement as well as his work with publishers of his books. The photographs include photos of him in the 1950s and publicity photos taken for the re-issue of his novel, Quatrefoil, in 1991. The materials prior to 1980 appear to have been pulled from the files of ONE, Inc.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Homosexuality and literature
    Gays' writings, American
    Gay authors -- United States -- 20th century
    Barr, James
    Barr, James