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Finding Aid for the John Walkinshaw Craufurd Papers 1746-1831
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Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Acquisition Information
  • Processing History
  • Biography
  • Scope and Content
  • Indexing Terms

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: John Walkinshaw Craufurd Papers,
    Date (inclusive): 1746-1831
    Collection number: MS.1994.003
    Creator: Craufurd, John Walkinshaw 1720 or 1-1793
    Extent: 1 box (5 linear inches)
    Repository: University of California, Los Angeles. Library. William Andrews Clark Memorial Library
    Los Angeles, California 90095-1490
    Abstract: This collection contains letters, memoranda, bills and notes retained by John Walkinshaw Craufurd, a Scottish landowner and army officer, between 1746 and his death in 1793. Also included are letters regarding the disposition of Craufurdland Estate after his death.
    Physical location: Clark Library
    Language of Material: Collection materials in English


    Collection is open for research.

    Publication Rights

    Copyright has not been assigned to the William Andrews Clark Memorial Library, UCLA. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Clark Librarian. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the William Andrews Clark Memorial Library, UCLA as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], John Walkinshaw Craufurd Papers, MS.1994.003, William Andrews Clark Memorial Library, University of California, Los Angeles.

    Acquisition Information

    This collection was purchased by the Clark in 1994 (accession number MS.1994.003).

    Processing History

    Processed by Katie Duvall, November 2010


    John Walkinshaw Craufurd of Craufurdland was born in 1720/21 at Craufurdland Castle, near Kilmarnock, Scotland. He entered the army at an early age and rose to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel over the course of his career, distinguishing himself at the battles of Dettingen in 1743 and Fontenoy in 1745. In 1761 he was appointed falconer to the King and in 1762 he received the freedom of the city of Perth. He occasionally appears in Boswell's Journals, often as a dinner companion.
    Craufurd died, unmarried, on February 19, 1793 in Edinburgh, leaving Craufurdland Estate to his friend Thomas Coutts, an eminent banker. The will was contested by his aunt, Elizabeth Craufurd, and her daughter, also Elizabeth. The elder Elizabeth died in 1802, but the legal battle waged on until 1806 when the matter was decided in favor of her daughter, Elizabeth Houison Craufurd of Craufurdland and Braehead. The younger Elizabeth was married to Reverend James Moody, who assumed the name James Houison Moody Craufurd. He appears in this collection as the primary correspondent regarding this matter.

    Scope and Content

    This collection contains letters, memoranda, bills and notes retained by John Craufurd, a Scottish landowner and army officer, between 1746 and his death in 1793. The letters refer to local politics, elections, his finances, and the management of his estate.
    Also included in this collection are posthumous letters regarding the Craufurdland Cause, the legal process that reversed Craufurd's settlement of his estate upon his friend Thomas Coutts.
    The collection is organized into the following series:
    • Series 1. Craufurd Correspondence, 1746-1793. 16 folders, 118 items
    • Series 2. Posthumous Correspondence Regarding Craufurdland Estate, 1793-1831. 8 folders, 39 items

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.


    Hay family
    Boswell, John, 1743-ca. 1798
    Craufurd, John Walkinshaw, 1720 or 1-1793
    Crichton, Patrick McDouall, Earl of Dumfries, 1726-1803
    Cunningham, William
    Erskine, Henry, 1746-1817
    Fairlie, Alexander
    Fraser, Alexander
    Kennedy, David, Earl of Cassillis, 1727-1792
    McGregor, Lewis Drummond
    Miller, William, 1755-1846
    Inheritance and succession--Scotland--18th century

    Genres and Forms

    Letters--Scotland--18th century