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Finding Aid to the Documents Pertaining to the Adjudication of Private Land Claims in California, circa 1852-1892
BANC MSS Land Case Files 1852-1892; BANC MSS C-A 300 FILM  
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Collection Details
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  • Collection Summary
  • Information for Researchers
  • Administrative Information
  • Organizational History
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Indexes

  • Collection Summary

    Collection Title: Documents pertaining to the adjudication of private land claims in California
    Date (inclusive): circa 1852-1892
    Collection Number: BANC MSS Land Case Files 1852-1892; BANC MSS C-A 300 FILM
    Creator: United States. District Court (California)
    Extent: Number of containers: 857 Cases. 876 Portfolios Linear feet: Approximately 75 Microfilm: 200 reels 10 digital objects (1495 images)
    Repository: The Bancroft Library
    University of California, Berkeley
    Berkeley, CA 94720-6000
    Phone: (510) 642-6481
    Fax: (510) 642-7589
    Email: bancref@library.berkeley.edu
    URL: http://bancroft.berkeley.edu/
    Abstract: In 1851 the U.S. Congress passed "An Act to Ascertain and Settle Private Land Claims in the State of California" which required all holders of Spanish and Mexican land grants to present their title for confirmation before the Board of California Land Commissioners. Land from titles not confirmed became part of the public domain. This Act placed the burden of proof of title on landholders and initiated a lengthy process of litigation that resulted in most Mexican Californians, or Californios, losing their titles. While 604 of the 813 claims brought before the Board were confirmed, most decisions were appealed to U.S. District Court and some on to U.S. Circuit Court and the Supreme Court. The confirmation process required lawyers, translators, and surveyors, and took an average of 17 years to resolve. The records of the District Court cases, the Land Case Files, were deposited on permanent loan in The Bancroft Library by the U.S. District Court in 1961. There are 857 total cases: Northern District Cases 1-458 and Southern District Cases 1-399 (see "Additional Notes on the Collection" for a note on case number discrepancies). Materials include transcripts, witness depositions, materials presented as evidence, and other legal documents. Most maps were transferred to the Map Collection of The Bancroft Library for separate cataloging (see: Maps of private land grant cases of California).
    Languages Represented: Collection materials are in English, Spanish
    Physical Location: Many of the Bancroft Library collections are stored offsite and advance notice may be required for use. For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.

    Information for Researchers


    Portions of the collection are available on microfilm (see Container List). Please use microfilm when possible: BANC MSS C-A 300 FILM. Index to microfilm in Microfilm Binder 42.

    Publication Rights

    Materials in these collections may be protected by the U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.). In addition, the reproduction of some materials may be restricted by terms of University of California gift or purchase agreements, donor restrictions, privacy and publicity rights, licensing and trademarks. Transmission or reproduction of materials protected by copyright beyond that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright owners. Works not in the public domain cannot be commercially exploited without permission of the copyright owner. Responsibility for any use rests exclusively with the user.
    All requests to reproduce, publish, quote from, or otherwise use collection materials must be submitted in writing to the Head of Public Services, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley 94720-6000. See: http://bancroft.berkeley.edu/reference/permissions.html .

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Documents Pertaining to the Adjudication of Private Land Claims in California, , circa 1852-1892, BANC MSS Land Case Files 1852-1892; BANC MSS C-A 300 FILM, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley

    Alternate Forms Available

    Portions of this collection are available on microfilm: BANC MSS C-A 300 FILM. Digital reproductions of selected cases are also available and linked to from this finding aid.
    Digital reproductions of diseños, plats, and surveys related to the Land Case Files are available through the Online Archive of California: http://www.oac.cdlib.org/findaid/ark:/13030/hb8489p15p 

    Related Collections

    Spanish Archives

    National Archives, Cartographic Branch (RG 49.3.4 [BLM Records])

    The Private Land Claims Division of the Cartographic Branch of the National Archives holds original expediente material from the Spanish Archives that survived the 1906 earthquake and fire.

    Microfilm of Related Land Case Collections in other Repositories

    California Private Land Claim Dockets (BANC MSS C-I 100 FILM)

    Cases or dockets brought before the California Board of Land Commissioners. Includes Docket Register and Old Index organized by docket number (1-621). 118 reels. Finding aid in Microfilm Binder 42, photocopy shelved with Bowman Indexes. Originals in National Archives.
    California Board of Land Commissioners Records)
    • Journals (1851-1856), 4 reels (BANC MSS 70/27c FILM)
    • Letterbook (1852-1855), 1 reel (BANC MSS 70/66c FILM)
    • Petitions (1852-1854), 1 reel (BANC MSS 70/28c FILM)
    • Decisions (1853-1856), 3 reels (BANC MSS 70/29c FILM)
    • Evidence, 21 reels (BANC MSS 69/127c FILM)
    • Maps, 1 reel (BANC MSS 69/97c FILM)
    Originals in National Archives
    California Land Grant Documents (BANC MSS C-I 87 FILM). Spanish Archives of California (8 vols. in Spanish, 8 vols. in English, 2 vols of maps, I vol. Toma de razón).

    Transcriptions and translations of title papers and land claims made from Spanish and Mexican Records in the U.S. Surveyor General's Office in San Francisco for the California Legislature. Created by Rufus Hopkins and John Clar between 1866 and 1871. Includes expedientes, títulos, tomas de razón, and diseños. Finding aid in Microfilm Binder 47. Originals in California State Archives.
    Libro donde se asientan los despachos de terrenos … (BANC MSS C-A 162 FILM)

    The "lost" Toma de Razón officially recording land grants by Mexican governors. Originals in California State Library.
    Private Land Case Files and Index (RG 21 FILM [T-1207])

    Ninety-four private land cases from the Circuit Court of the Northern District of California (1852-1910), arranged numerically by case number. 28 reels. Originals in National Archives.
    Department of Justice Records (RG 60 FILM)

    Records of the Office of U.S. Attorney General relating to California land claims. 6 reels. Originals in National Archives.

    Related Manuscript Collections in the Bancroft Library

    The following manuscript collections are directly related to land cases:
    California Land Miscellany (BANC MSS C-I 16)

    Deeds, agreements, notices, legal documents, and correspondence related to land tenure and the sale and transfer of property. While the largest collection is listed under BANC MSS C-I 16, other land materials can be found in the BANC MSS C-I call number range.
    Halleck, Peachy & Billings, 1852-1857 (BANC MSS C-B 421)

    A law firm involved in many land cases. This collection has an online finding aid: http://www.oac.cdlib.org/findaid/ark:/13030/tf9r29p0xt 
    J.N. Bowman papers regarding California history (BANC MSS C-R 18)

    Additions (BANC MSS 69/72 c)

    Bowman's research materials on land grants and California history. This collection has an online finding aid: http://www.oac.cdlib.org/findaid/ark:/13030/tf8199n9np 
    Robert Becker papers (BANC MSS 93/32 c)

    Becker research materials on land grants and surveyors.
    Carl William Calbreath papers (BANC MSS C-B 913)

    Papers relating to Calbreath's position as clerk at U.S. District Court and land grants.
    There are a number of other collections that contain related material:
    The Archives of California (BANC MSS C-A 1 - C-A 63)
    County Archives (BANC MSS C-A 64--C-A 76)
    Spanish and Mexican governors' papers:
    • Pedro Fages (BANC MSS C-A 235)
    • Fernando Rivera y Moncada (BANC MSS C-A 368)
    • Felipe de Neve (BANC MSS C-A 178)
    • José Joaquín de Arrillaga (BANC MSS C-A 236)
    • José Darío Argüello (BANC MSS C-A 308)
    • Pablo Vicente de Sola (BANC MSS C-A 237)
    • Louis Antonio Argüello (BANC MSS C-A 309)
    • José María de Echeandía (BANC MSS C-A 238)
    • Manuel Victoria (BANC MSS C-A 243)
    • José Figueroa (BANC MSS C-A 239)
    • Juan Bautista Alvarado (BANC MSS C-A 240)
    • Manuel Micheltorena (BANC MSS C-A 241)
    • Pío Pico (BANC MSS C-A 242)

    Separated Material

    Most of the diseños, plats, and surveys associated with the Land Case Files have been transferred to the Map Collection of The Bancroft Library for separate cataloguing (see Maps of private land grant cases of California). The collection has an online finding aid: http://www.oac.cdlib.org/findaid/ark:/13030/hb8489p15p 

    Reference material

    Jacob N. Bowman Land Case Indexes (BANC MSS C-R 17 and C-R 16)
    Microfilm is available for all of the Bowman indexes except for the Index of Witnesses.
    • Index to Land Cases vol. I pts. 1 and 2 (indexed by name of grant)
    • Index to Land Cases vol. II pt. 1 (indexed by court numbers, expedientes, unclassified expedientes, deposited expedientes, títulos, and tomas de razón)
    • Index to Land Cases vol. II pt. 2 (indexed by name of petitioners, grantees, etc.)
    • Index to Maps of Private Land Grant Cases of California vol. III (indexed by map numbers, court case numbers, and names of grants)
    • Index of Witnesses vol. III pt. 1 and 2 (indexed by name of witnesses)

    Beck, Warren A. and Ynez de Haase. Historical Atlas of California. Norman, Okla., University of Oklahoma Press, 1974.

    Becker, Robert H. Designs on the land. San Francisco, Calif., Book Club of California, 1969.

    _______. Diseños of California Ranchos. San Francisco, Calif., Book Club of California, 1964.

    Beers, Henry Putney. Spanish and Mexican Records of the American Southwest. Tucson, Ariz., University of Arizona Press, 1979.

    Bowman, J. N. History of the Provincial Archives of California. Berkeley, Calif., 1946.

    Cowan, Robert G. Ranchos of California. Fresno, Calif., Academy Library Guild, 1956.

    Hoffman, Ogden. Reports of Land Determined in the United States District court for the Northern District of California. San Francisco, Calif., Yosemite Collections, 1975.

    Langum, David. Law and Community on the Mexican California Frontier. Norman, Okla.: University of Oklahoma Press, 1987.

    Lounsbury, Ralph G. Mexican Land Claims in California. Washington, D.C.: The National Archives, 1963.

    Perez, Crisostomo. Land grants in Alta California. Rancho Cordova, Calif., Landmark Enterprises, 1996.

    _______. Grants of Land in California made by Spanish or Mexican Authorities. Sacramento, Calif., State Lands Commission, 1983.

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog
    United States--Commission for Ascertaining and Settling Private Land Claims in California
    United States--District Court (California : Northern District)
    United States--District Court (California : Southern District)
    United States--District Court (California)
    Land grants--California
    Land grants--California--[City]--Map
    Land grants--California--[County]
    Land grants--California--[State Park]--Maps, Manuscript
    Land grants--California--History
    Land grants--California--History--Sources--Indexes
    Land tenure--California
    Land titles--California
    Land titles--California--[County]
    Land titles--California--[Rancho]
    Land titles--California--Cases
    Case files
    Land grants

    Administrative Information

    Acquisition Information

    The Land Case Files originally formed part of the private land claims adjudicated by the U.S. District Courts of California (Northern and Southern Districts). The Land Case Files were placed on permanent deposit in The Bancroft Library by the U.S. District Court, San Francisco in 1961.


    No additions are expected.

    Organizational History

    In 1851, after the Mexican American War, the United States Congress created the Board of Commissioners to Ascertain and Settle the Private Land Claims in the State of California (commonly known as the Board of California Land Commissioners). The Board heard 813 cases between 1851 and 1856, and in 604 of those cases the titles were confirmed. Appeals could be made to U.S. District Court in San Francisco, then on to U.S. Circuit Court and U.S. Supreme Court. Confirmed titles were appealed as a matter of procedure -- all but 3 of the 604 cases confirmed by the Board were appealed to U.S. District Court. Between 1852 and 1892, 857 cases were brought to U.S. District Court, 458 in the Northern District and 399 in the Southern District (see "Information for Researchers" for a note on case number discrepancies). While the majority (97%) of these cases were resolved by 1885, a few cases were litigated into the 1940s. 94 cases appeared before the U.S. Circuit Court, and 114 before the U.S. Supreme Court. Because materials from cases appealed to the Circuit Court and and Supreme Court are interfiled with the District Court Cases, there are documents in the Land Case Files dated later than 1892. The full date range, including interfiled materials from higher courts, is 1852-1942. Of the 604 titles confirmed by the Land Board, 582 received patents.
    U.S. District Court records of these cases were transferred to the U. S. Surveyor General's Office in San Francisco (sometimes called the San Francisco Land Office) in 1892. While much of the material in the Spanish Archives was burned in the 1906 earthquake and fire, some land case records -- including the U.S. District Court Records and some original expediente materials -- were stored in a iron safe and thus survived. These records were transferred to the Public Survey Office in 1925, and then to Glendale when the Public Survey Office moved there in 1932. In 1937 the records were requisitioned by the San Francisco District Court to be filed with the Circuit Court land case records. Between 1939-1942 a Works Progress Administration project flattened the cases (previously kept in rolls), paged and stamped each case with a case number, and placed them in clearly marked portfolios. At this point the oversize diseños were separated from the cases, mounted, and filed in drawers. In 1961 the District Court at San Francisco deposited its records of the private land-grant cases in The Bancroft Library on permanent loan. The surviving expedientes materials from the Spanish Archives remained in the National Archives (Record Group 49.3.4, National Archives, Cartographic Branch), as did California Board of Land Commissioners records (Record Group 49), the Circuit Court records (Record Group 21), and the records of the U.S. Attorney General related to Supreme Court Cases (Record Group 60).

    Scope and Content of Collection

    In 1851 the U.S. Congress passed "An Act to Ascertain and Settle Private Land Claims in the State of California" which required all holders of Spanish and Mexican land grants to present their title for confirmation before the Board of California Land Commissioners. Land from titles not confirmed became part of the public domain. This Act placed the burden of proof of title on landholders and initiated a lengthy process of litigation that resulted in most Mexican Californians, or Californios, losing their titles. While 604 of the 813 claims brought before the Board were confirmed, most decisions were appealed to U.S. District Court and some on to U.S. Circuit Court and the Supreme Court. The confirmation process required lawyers, translators, and surveyors, and took an average of 17 years to resolve. The records of the District Court cases, the Land Case Files, were deposited on permanent loan in The Bancroft Library by the U.S. District Court in 1961. There are 857 total cases: Northern District Cases 1-458 and Southern District Cases 1-399 (see "Information for Researchers" for a note on case number discrepancies). Materials include transcripts, witness depositions, materials presented as evidence, and other legal documents. Most maps were transferred to the Map Collection of The Bancroft Library for separate cataloging (see: Maps of private land grant cases of California).
    The Land Case Files begin with a transcript of the proceedings from the Board of Land Commissioners case (called a docket) and generally include:
    • Petion by the claimant
    • Transcripts of records from the Spanish Archives documenting the claim. This collection of Spanish or Mexican documents is called an Expediente, and it is transcribed in Spanish and translated into English.
    • Witness depositions. Researchers should consult the Jacob Bowman Index of Witnesses to search individual witnesses (Available in the Bancroft Library Reading Room).
    • Other legal documents (notices of appeal, subpoenas, requests to submit evidence, etc.)
    • Maps (most have been separated from the file and catalogued).
    • Decrees and opinions of judges.
    Claimants presented their cases to the Land Board together with documentary and witness support. If the case was appealed, additional records can be found in the U.S. Circuit Court and Supreme Court records. Circuit Court and Supreme Court documents are also intermixed with the District Court records as many of the cases were sent back to the lower courts. See the National Archives for further records from the Spanish Archives (Record Group 49.3.4, National Archives, Cartographic Branch), the California Board of Land Commissioners (Record Group 49), the Circuit Court (Record Group 21), and the U.S. Attorney General (Record Group 60).
    Land was often subdivided and resold many times over during the years it was in court, further complicating the litigation process. On final confirmation of title, the claimant had to complete a survey. Further questions were raised at this stage, as Spanish and Mexican land grants followed an older, European tradition of delineating land by boundaries ("bounded by"), while U.S. Courts required a more systematic survey using the Thomas Jefferson Rectangular Survey System. Once the survey was complete, grantees could apply to the General Land Office (now the Bureau of Land Management) for a patent. Patents can be traced in through the following local and federal agencies:
    The Land Cases Files offer a unique view into the transition from Mexican to American rule. Different legal traditions shaped conflicting views of property ownership and exchange, what constituted a legitimate title, and how property disputes should be resolved. While the U.S. system was based in common law and oriented toward the individual, the Mexican legal system was based in civil law and thus oriented towards the community and grounded on the principal of reconciliation. Other factors contributed to the length and complexity of these cases. All confirmed titles were appealed as a matter of procedure by lawyers representing the United States, and the burden of proof was at times impossible to meet given the loss and destruction of Spanish and Mexican Archives during and after the Mexican American War. In addition, spurious challenges were routinely recognized and uneven standards of proof applied in the courtroom, particularly when it came to witness testimony. Some scholars have argued that this complex litigation process violated the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo's assurances that Mexican property would be "inviolably protected." Decades of litigation--in tandem with a new tax system, drought, and conflicts with squatters--effectively dispossessed Californios of their property over the course of a generation.
    Much of the archival material from Spanish and Mexican California was destroyed during the 1906 earthquake and fire. The records preserved in the Land Case Files offer evidence of life in early California from a wide range of perspectives. They have been used to research historical ecology, boundary disputes, property law, historical sites, Native California, women's history, genealogy, and many other topics.
    Additional Notes on Collection:
    The Land Case Files at the Bancroft Library are the cases presented in U.S. District Court in San Francisco between 1852 and 1892. Other terms used to describe cases related to Spanish and Mexican land titles include expediente (records of the original petition) and docket (cases presented before the Board of California Land Commissioners).
    While 857 case numbers were assigned in U.S. District Court (458 in the Northern District and 399 in the Southern District), the total number of Land Case Files at the Bancroft Library is 839 (442 in the Northern District and 397 in the Southern District). This discrepancy is the result of 17 cases transferred from one district to another and 1 clerical error. In some cases there remains a case portfolio with a record indicating the case has been transferred.
    Most of the diseños, plats, and surveys associated with the Land Case Files have been transferred to the Map Collection of The Bancroft Library for separate cataloguing (see Maps of private land grant cases of California). The alphabetical designations A-F indicate size, with A being the smallest and F the largest. Maps with an R designation are small maps that were not transferred or catalogued and remain in their respective Land Case Files. Bowman assigned certain maps with an S designation in his Index of Maps. S indicates the map is either duplicated or can only be found in the Spanish Archives California in the California State Archives. The Bancroft Library holds microfilm of the Spanish Archives of California: BANC MSS C-I 87 FILM.
    Original expediente material related to the land case claims can be found in the Cartographic Branch of the National Archives (Record Group 49.3.4). Other materials related to the Land Case Files can also be found in the National Archives, including the California Board of Land Commissioner Records (RG 49), Circuit Court Records (RG 21), and Records of the Attorney General related to Supreme Court cases (RG 60).

    Additional Note

    See the Jacob Bowman Index of Witnesses to search individual witnesses.


    Index of Claimants' Names

    Abila, Antonio Ignacio
    354 SD
    Abila, Brume
    125 SD
    Abila, Enrique
    167 SD
    Abila, Januario
    353 SD
    Abila, Juan
    130 SD
    Abila, Miguel
    37 SD, 38 SD, 74 SD
    Abrego, José
    247 SD
    Aguilar, Blas
    189 SD
    Aguilar, Casildo
    360 SD
    Aguilar, José
    189 SD
    Aguilar, José N.
    23 SD
    Aguilar, Lugardo
    134 SD
    Aguirre, José A.
    327 SD, 334 SD, 340 SD
    Aguirre, José Antonio
    80 SD
    Alemany, Bishop Joseph S.
    422 ND, 425 ND, 387 SD
    Alemany, Bishop S.
    388 SD
    Alexander, Cyrus
    266 ND
    Alexander, David W.
    30 SD, 50 SD, 52 SD, 324 SD
    Alexander, Juan
    324 SD
    Alvarado, Francisco M.
    142 SD
    Alvarado, Isidro María
    224 SD
    Alvarado, Joaquín
    81 SD
    Alvarado, Juan B.
    404 ND
    Alvarado, Juan B. (heirs of )
    312 SD
    Alvirez, Juan
    294 ND
    Alviso, Agustín
    119 ND
    Alviso, Francisco
    250 ND
    Alviso, José Antonio
    350 ND
    Alviso, José María
    37 ND
    Alviso, Manuel
    226 ND
    Alviso, Rafael
    204 ND
    Alvitre, Juan
    62 SD
    Amador, José María
    144 ND
    Amesti, José
    175 SD, 398 SD, 399 SD
    Angeles, María de los
    286 SD
    Angeles, María Juana de los
    251 SD
    Anguisola, Manuel
    153 SD
    Anzar, Juan M.
    102 SD, 245 SD, 258 SD
    Apis, Jesús Machado
    432 ND
    Apis, Pablo
    55 SD
    Arce, Francisco
    335 ND, 42 SD
    Arellanes, Teodora
    39 SD, 59 SD
    Argüello, Gervasio
    157 ND, 347 SD
    Argüello, Santiago E.
    91 SD
    Armijo, Dolores Riesgo
    162 ND
    Arras, José de
    196 ND
    Arrellanes, Luis
    188 SD
    Ayala, Crisogono
    97 SD
    Bailey, Joshua
    411 ND
    Bailey, Peter D.
    171 ND
    Bale, Edward T. (heirs of)
    47 ND
    Bale, Mario T.
    47 ND
    Bandini, Juan
    213 SD, 378 SD
    Banitz, William
    194 ND
    Bargas, José Manuel
    291 SD
    Barlett, Lyman
    66 ND
    Basham, William R.
    377 ND
    Bassett, Nathaniel
    286 ND
    Beard, Elias L.
    407 ND
    Belden, Josiah
    377 ND
    Benitz, William
    15 ND
    Bennett, Mary S.
    361 ND
    Bennett, Narciso
    400 ND
    Berdugo, María Ignacia
    133 SD
    Bernal, Agustín
    181 ND
    Bernal, Barcelia
    198 ND, 220 ND
    Bernal, José Antonio
    373 ND
    Bernal, José de Jesús
    165 ND, 373 ND
    Bernal, José Jesús
    5 ND
    Bernal, Juan
    373 ND
    Berreyesa, Francisco
    239 ND
    Berreyesa, José de Jesús
    279 ND
    Berreyesa, José de los Santos
    161 ND, 187 ND
    Berreyesa, María Z.
    363 ND
    Berreyesa, Nicolás
    388 ND
    Besse, Harriet
    316 ND
    Bidwell, John
    38 ND, 86 ND
    Bigelow, Hardin
    30 ND
    Billings, Frederick
    223 ND, 257 SD
    Bissell, G. W.
    311 ND
    Blackburn, W.
    264 ND
    Blair, James
    201 SD
    Blanco, Thomas (heirs of)
    232 SD
    Bocle, William
    255 ND
    Boggs, Angus L.
    117 ND
    Boggs, Henry C.
    436 ND
    Boggs, Lilburn W.
    78 ND
    Bojorquez, Bartolomé
    61 ND
    Bolcoff, Francisco
    275 SD
    Bolcoff, Juan
    275 SD
    Bolton, James R.
    223 ND, 338 ND, 257 SD
    Bonilla, José Mariano
    72 SD
    Boronda, José Eusebio
    244 SD
    Boronda, José M.
    240 SD
    Boronda, María Concepción
    304 SD
    Boulio, Oliver
    258 ND
    Brackett, Joshua C.
    329 ND
    Branch, Francis
    196 SD
    Branch, Francisco
    24 SD, 75 SD
    Breen, Patrick
    352 SD
    Brenham, Charles J.
    398 ND
    Briones, Gregorio
    189 ND, 174 SD
    Briones de Lugo, Juana
    230 SD
    Briones de Miranda, Juana
    130 ND
    Brown, Edward L.
    411 ND
    Brown, Elam
    31 ND
    Brown, Henry
    454 ND
    Brown, John E.
    169 ND
    Brown, L. D.
    114 ND
    Buchanan, R. B.
    341 ND
    Buckelew, Benjamin R.
    372 ND, 392 ND
    Buckle, William
    255 ND
    Buelna, Antonio
    89 ND
    Buelna, Joaquín
    342 ND
    Buelna de Rodríguez, Encarnación
    88 ND
    Buhman, John
    437 ND
    Bull, Liberta Ceseña
    211 ND
    Burnett, Peter H.
    257 ND
    Burton, Lewis F.
    36 SD
    Burton, Luis T.
    268 SD
    Butron, Ramona
    361 SD
    Cambuston, Henry
    349 ND
    Canil, Adolph
    379 SD
    Cantua, Guadalupe
    26 SD
    Cantua, Vicente
    70 SD
    Carpenter, Edward R.
    252 ND
    Carpenter, Samuel
    194 SD
    Carrillo, Anastasio
    20 SD, 118 SD
    Carrillo, Antonio José
    61 SD
    Carrillo, Carlos Antonio
    32 SD
    Carrillo, Domingo (heirs of)
    256 SD
    Carrillo, Joaquín
    58 ND, 15 SD, 61 SD, 156 SD 369 SD
    Carrillo, José A.
    15 SD
    Carrillo, José Antonio
    268 SD
    Carrillo, Julio
    124 ND
    Carrillo, Manuela
    184 SD
    Carrillo, María del Espíritu Santo
    234 SD
    Carrillo, Pedro C.
    236 SD, 239 SD
    Carrillo, Raimundo
    29 SD
    Carrillo de Castro, Felicidad
    127 ND
    Carrillo de Fitch, Josefa
    52 ND, 218 ND
    Carrillo de Jones, Manuela
    56 SD
    Carrillo de Wilson, Ramona
    14 SD
    Castenares, José M.
    319 SD
    Castillero, Andres
    420 ND
    Castro, Angel María
    220 SD
    Castro, Guadalupe
    100 SD
    Castro, Guillermo
    29 ND, 337 ND
    Castro, Joaquín Isidro
    320 ND
    Castro, José
    344 ND, 373 SD
    Castro, José A.
    413 ND
    Castro, Juan José
    100 SD 403 ND
    Castro, Manuel
    255 SD
    Castro, María A. P.
    98 SD
    Castro, Mariano
    97 ND
    Castro, Marina de
    299 SD
    Castro, Martina
    295 ND, 343 ND
    Castro, Modesto
    179 SD
    Castro, Rafael
    172 SD
    Castro, Rufina
    350 SD, 405 ND
    Castro, Salvador
    89 ND
    Castro, Simeon (heirs of)
    70 ND
    Castro, Simeon (widow and children of)
    296 SD
    Castro, Victor
    403 ND
    Castro de Anzar, María Antonia
    262 SD, 384 SD
    Cathcart, Robert
    309 ND
    Cazares, María Antonia
    44 ND
    Celis, Eulogio de
    308 SD, 343 SD
    Cervantes, Cruz
    3 ND, 178 SD
    Chabolla, Anastasio
    93 ND, 406 ND
    Chabolla, Anastasio (heirs of)
    254 ND
    Chabolla, María
    93 ND, 406 ND
    Chaboya, Antonio
    213 ND
    Chaboya, Pedro
    192 ND
    Chana, Charles
    302 ND
    Chard, Guillermo
    25 ND
    Chief Helena,
    415 ND
    Chiles, José B.
    72 ND
    City of Los Angeles
    386 SD
    City of Monterey
    382 SD
    City of Napa
    447 ND
    City of Sacramento
    274 ND, 303 ND
    City of San Diego
    390 SD
    City of San Francisco
    427 ND
    City of San José
    419 ND, 426 ND
    City of San Luis Obispo
    164 SD
    City of Santa Barbara
    242 SD
    City of Sonoma
    423 ND
    City of Sonora
    243 ND
    Clark, Jeremiah
    267 SD
    Coal, Thomas
    274 SD
    Cocks, Henry
    298 SD, 306 SD
    Cole, Thomas
    274 SD
    Colima, Tomás Sanchez
    272 SD
    Conn, John
    267 ND
    Cook, Martin E.
    375 ND
    Coombs, Nathan
    43 ND, 108 ND, 109 ND
    Cooper, John B. R.
    227 ND, 1 SD, 7 SD
    Coppinger, Manuel
    75 ND
    Cordero, Vicente
    430 ND
    Core, John C.
    157 SD
    Cornwall, George N.
    120 ND
    Cornwell, George
    328 ND
    Coronel, Antonio
    163 SD
    Cota, Antonio María
    336 SD
    Cota, Leandro
    176 SD
    Cota, Valenta
    231 SD
    Cotterill, Edward
    176 ND
    Courtney, Andrew J.
    139 SD
    Couts, Cave J.
    264 SD
    Coutts, Isidora
    431 ND
    Covarrubias, José M.
    156 SD 368 SD
    Covarrubias, José María
    349 SD, 369 SD
    Covilaud, Charles
    341 ND
    Covillaud, Charles
    301 ND
    Crosby, Elisha O.
    345 SD
    Cruz, María Antonia
    270 SD
    Curtis, Henry C.
    354 ND
    Curtis, Manuela T.
    35 ND
    Dalton, Henry
    22 SD, 86 SD, 121 SD
    Dana, Henry F.
    366 ND, 383 ND
    Dana, William A.
    366 ND, 383 ND
    Dana, William G.
    13 SD
    Dauenbiss, Juan
    307 SD
    Davidson, John P.
    328 SD
    Davies, Thomas R.
    452 ND
    Davis, Thomas R.
    451 ND
    Davis, William H.
    251 ND
    Den, Nicholás August
    150 SD
    Den, Nicolas A.
    364 SD
    Den, Richard S.
    338 SD, 364 SD
    Den, Richard Somerset
    301 SD
    Díaz, Manuel
    188 ND
    Dodero, Nicolás
    285 SD, 397 SD
    Domingo, José
    58 SD
    Dominguez, Francisco
    344 SD
    Dominguez, Manuel
    273 SD
    Dominguez, Nasario
    313 SD
    Dominguez, Victoria
    226 SD
    Dorland, Thomas
    391 ND
    Douglas, D.F.
    344 ND
    Duarte, André S.
    46 SD, 51 SD
    Dunbar, Edward E.
    30 ND
    Duncan (Mr.)
    15 ND
    Dye, John Francisco
    12 ND
    Eaton, Robert E.
    237 ND
    Edgington, Tracey A.
    438 ND
    Eldridge, James
    126 ND
    Ellis, John S.
    30 ND
    Enright, James
    143 ND, 291 ND, 364 ND
    Escamillo, Blas A.
    280 SD
    Espinosa, Gabriel
    158 SD
    Espinoza, Carlos Cayetano
    209 SD
    Espinoza, Salvador
    67 SD
    Espinoza de Perez, Fermin
    276 SD
    Estrada, Joaquín
    149 SD
    Estrada, José S.
    204 SD
    Estrada, Julian
    73 SD, 219 SD
    Estrada, Pedro
    76 SD
    Estrada, Rafael
    215 SD
    Estudillo, José Antonio
    233 SD, 250 SD
    Estudillo, José Joaquín
    234 ND
    Estudillo, José R.
    251 ND
    Estudillo, Magdelena
    66 SD
    Estudillo, Victoria D.
    394 SD
    Evan, John
    439 ND
    Fallon, Ellen
    291 ND
    Fannud, Clement
    414 ND
    Farley, A.
    116 ND
    Farnham, Eliza W.
    383 SD
    Farwell, Edward A. (heirs of)
    384 ND
    Feliz, Domingo
    148 ND
    Feliz, Fernando
    22 ND
    Feliz, Jocaba
    303 SD
    Fernandez, Dionisio Z.
    377 ND
    Fernandez, Máximo Z.
    377 ND
    Fine, J. H.
    396 ND
    Finnell, John
    433 ND
    Fisher, William A.
    440 ND
    Flores, José María
    170 SD
    Folsom, Joseph L.
    359 ND
    Forbes, P.S.
    14 ND
    Forbes, Paul S.
    13 ND
    Forbes, William
    186 ND
    Forster, Juan
    180 SD, 216 SD, 246 SD, 250 SD, 329 SD, 337 SD, 363 SD
    Fossatt, Charles
    132 ND
    Foxon, Guillermo Domingo
    200 SD
    Frank, Otto H.
    149 ND
    Fremont, John C.
    1 ND, 344 SD
    Frias de Higuera, Marta
    244 ND
    Frisbee, J.B.
    30 ND
    Fuentes, José M.
    209 ND
    Fuller, William M.
    334 ND
    Galbraith, James D.
    121 ND
    Galindo, Juan C.
    347 ND
    Gallardo, Juan
    248 SD
    Garcia, María de Jesús
    88 SD
    García, Rafael
    68 ND, 96 ND
    Garfias, Manuel
    173 SD
    Garney, John
    375 SD
    Gelston, Roland
    357 ND, 416 ND
    German, Antonio
    9 ND, 396 SD
    German, Faustino
    9 ND, 396 SD
    Gibbs, William H.
    441 ND
    Glein, Carlos T.
    15 ND
    Gomez, José Miguel
    320 SD
    Gomez, Josefa Antonia
    3 SD
    Gomez, Vicente
    300 SD, 393 SD
    Gonzales, Teodora
    101 SD
    Gonzalez, José R.
    18 SD
    Gonzalez, Juan José
    104 ND
    Gordan, William
    43 ND
    Gordan, William (alias Julian)
    26 ND
    Graham, Isaac
    342 ND
    Green, Joseph
    172 ND, 222 ND
    Green, Talbot H.
    295 SD
    Greer, María Luisa
    75 ND
    Gregory, David S.
    283 SD
    Grimes, Francis W.
    137 ND
    Grimes, Hiram
    137 ND, 324 ND, 417 ND
    Guadalupe Mining Co.
    142 ND
    Guerra y Lataillade, María Antonia de la
    49 SD, 104 SD, 207 SD, 212 SD, 365 SD
    Guerra y Lataillade, María Antonio de la
    241 SD
    Guerra y Noriega, José de la
    10 SD, 103 SD, 107 SD, 117 SD, 83 SD
    Gunn, Gabriel W.
    182 ND
    Gutierrez, Joaquín
    333 SD
    Gutierrez, Octaviano
    21 SD
    Haight, Fletcher M.
    356 SD
    Haight, Henry
    113 SD
    Hallack, Henry W.
    223 ND, 392 ND
    Hallack, James Black
    392 ND
    Hamley, George W.
    84 SD
    Hamos, Juan
    307 SD
    Hand (Mr.)
    15 ND
    Harbin, James M
    146 ND, 360 ND
    Haro, Francisco de (heirs of)
    166 ND, 173 ND
    Haro, Josefa de
    380 ND, 381 ND
    Haro de Guerrero, Josefa de
    49 ND
    Harris, George C.
    99 SD
    Harris, Samuel
    53 ND
    Hart, Charles E.
    123 ND, 160 ND
    Hartnell, Guillermo E.
    357 SD
    Hartnell, Guillermo Eduardo
    362 ND
    Hartnell, W. E. P.
    254 SD, 279 SD
    Hayes, Benjamin
    316 SD
    Helleck, Henry W.
    257 SD
    Hendley, John
    235 ND, 253 ND
    Henry, Stephen F.
    435 ND
    Hensley, Samuel J.
    33 ND
    Hernandez, José
    164 ND
    Herrera, Tomas
    260 SD
    Herring, Mark
    293 SD
    Hicks, William
    240 ND
    Higuera, Antonia (heirs of)
    228 ND
    Higuera, Antonio
    203 ND
    Higuera, Francisco
    131 SD
    Higuera, Fulgencio
    133 ND
    Higuera, Joaquín
    215 ND
    Higuera, Secundino
    131 SD
    Higuera, Victoria
    360 SD, 376 SD
    Higuera de Berreyesa, María Anastasia
    175 ND
    Hill, Daniel (Antonio)
    252 SD
    Hill, Erwin
    30 ND
    Hill, Reuben M.
    296 ND
    Hogan, Ellen A.
    449 ND
    Hooker, Joseph
    327 ND
    Hoover, Leonace
    259 ND
    Hopkins, Robert
    260 ND
    Hoppe, Jacob D.
    323 ND
    Horner, John M.
    407 ND
    Hornsby, J.L.
    221 ND
    Horrell, Johnson
    212 ND, 222 ND
    Howard, G.H.
    8 ND
    Howard, William D. M.
    409 ND
    Huber, Henrique
    51 ND
    Huie, James B.
    310 SD
    Hutchinson, C.I.
    411 ND
    Ide, William B.
    371 ND
    Indian, Simeon,
    95 SD
    Inghram, Horace
    122 ND
    Inita, José Camilo
    10 ND
    Isham, J.G.
    128 ND
    Iturbe, Agustín (heirs of)
    207 ND
    Jensen, Mathirius
    453 ND
    Johnson, William
    397 ND, 448 ND, 288 SD
    Jones, John F.
    176 SD
    Jones, William C.
    277 ND, 339 SD
    Jordan, Josefa de la Merced de
    287 SD
    Jouan, Agustin
    339 ND
    Juarez, Cayetano
    45 ND, 217 ND
    Jury, John S.
    382 ND
    Keary, M.
    344 ND
    Kelley, William
    261 ND
    Kelly, Patrick
    455 ND
    Kelly, William
    261 ND
    Keyes, John
    2 SD
    Kilburn, R. L.
    158 ND
    Kilburn, Ralph L.
    113 ND
    Kinlock, George
    312 ND
    Knight, Eben
    313 ND
    Knight, Thomas P.
    150 ND
    Langley, H. G.
    112 ND
    Larios, Justo
    340 ND
    Larios, Manuel
    258 SD, 325 SD
    Larkin, Francisco
    115 ND
    Larkin, Thomas C.
    402 ND, 412 ND
    Larkin, Thomas O.
    23 ND, 358 ND
    Lassen, Peter
    367 ND
    Leavenworth, Thaddeus M.
    333 ND
    Ledesma, José
    63 SD
    Leese, Jacob P.
    50 ND, 230 ND, 421 ND, 169 SD, 190 SD
    Lestrada, Anacleto
    266 SD, 309 SD
    Limantour, José Y.
    307 ND, 315 ND, 317 ND, 424 ND, 429 ND, 311 SD, 314 SD 321 SD
    Linares, Victor
    11 SD
    Lippencott, Benjamin S.
    103 ND, 305 ND
    Little, Milton
    197 ND
    Littlejohn, David
    322 SD
    Livermore, Robert
    386 ND, 135 ND
    Lopez de Osuna, Juliana
    92 SD
    Lorenzana, Apolinaria
    48 SD
    Lorenzana, Felipe
    65 SD
    Loreto, José
    93 SD
    Love, John
    241 ND
    Luco, Juan M.
    428 ND
    Lugo, Antonio M.
    9 SD
    Lugo, José del Carmen
    12 SD
    Lugo, José María
    12 SD
    Lugo, Vicente
    12 SD
    Lugo de Foster, María Merced
    116 SD
    Machado, Agustín
    123 SD
    Machado, Ignacio
    123 SD
    Machado, Jesús
    166 SD
    Machado, María Antonia
    265 SD
    Majors, Joseph L.
    180 ND, 286 SD
    Majors, Juan José C.
    342 ND
    Malarin, Mariano
    108 SD, 109 SD, 110 SD, 204 SD
    Mallagh, Juana de Jesús
    125 ND
    Malo, José Ramón
    389 SD
    Malone, Drury
    445 ND
    129 SD
    Mar, James Smith
    141 ND
    Marquez, Francisco
    141 SD
    Marron, Juan M.
    238 SD
    Marsh, John
    107 ND
    Martin, James
    240 ND
    Martin, Juan
    134 ND
    Martin, Julius
    177 ND
    Martínez, Máximo
    36 ND
    Martínez de Richardson, María Antonia
    205 ND
    Maube, Arno
    96 SD
    Mayer, Charles
    15 ND
    Mayer, Jacob R.
    128 ND
    McCobb, Hanrey D.
    359 SD
    McCombs, B.
    249 ND
    McCombs, Hannah
    111 ND
    McCombs, J. R.
    110 ND
    McDonald, Ann
    141 ND
    McEneerney, Margaret
    456 ND
    McGarry, Edward
    123 ND
    McKee, William H.
    56 ND, 137 ND
    McKinley, James
    34 SD, 155 SD, 366 SD
    McMahon, Jerimah
    361 SD
    McNeil, James
    76 ND
    Meadows, James
    159 SD
    Mellus, Francis
    30 SD, 50 SD, 52 SD
    Mesa, Encarnación
    275 ND
    Mesa, María Antonia
    129 ND, 356 ND
    Miller, Joseph M.
    280 ND
    Miramontes, Candelario
    269 ND
    Miranda, Apolinario
    401 ND
    Missroon, John S.
    23 ND
    Modie, Sarah Ann
    282 ND
    Montalda, Josefa
    374 SD
    Moraga, Joaquín
    276 ND
    Morales del Castillo Negrete, Josefa
    315 SD
    Morchon, Nicolás
    225 SD
    Morehead, James G.
    106 ND
    Moreno, Juan
    148 SD
    Morillo, Jorge
    33 SD
    Morillo, José Justo
    302 SD
    Morse, Charles
    293 SD
    Mos, Francisco
    342 ND
    Mount, Joseph
    176 ND
    Munras, Catalina M. de
    16 SD
    Munras, Concepción
    5 SD
    Murphy, Bernard
    159 ND, 174 ND, 379 ND, 147 ND
    Murphy, Daniel
    147 ND
    Murphy, James
    376 ND, 147 ND
    Murphy, Martin J.C.
    147 ND
    Murphy, Martin Jr.
    84 ND
    Murphy, Michael
    291 ND
    Murphy, Timeteo
    281 ND, 16 ND
    Murphy, Timothy
    210 ND
    Naglee, Henry M.
    170 ND, 289 ND
    Narvaez, José Agustín
    7 ND
    Neal, Samuel
    179 ND
    Negrete, Francisco C.
    370 SD
    Neligh, Robert B.
    331 SD
    Nevill, Joseph N.
    253 ND
    Nieto, Concepción
    193 SD
    Nieto, Manuel
    302 SD
    Noe, James
    270 ND
    Noe, José de Jesús
    6 ND
    Noriega, José
    135 ND, 355 ND
    Norris, George
    287 ND
    Norstrand, A.N.
    30 ND
    Nuñez, Sebastian
    57 ND
    Nye, Michael C.
    268 ND
    129 SD
    O'Farrell, Jasper
    41 ND, 48 ND, 382 ND
    Ogden, Frederick
    393 ND
    Olivas, Raimundo
    65 SD
    Olivera, Agustín
    124 SD, 165 SD, 183 SD, 250 SD
    Olivera, Antonio
    284 SD
    Olivera, Diego
    39 SD
    Olivera de Cota, María Jesús
    294 SD
    Ontiveras, Juan Patricio
    140 SD
    Ord, James L.
    245 ND
    Ord, Pacificus
    380 SD
    Ortega, Antonio M.
    154 SD
    Ortega, Emigdio Miguel
    188 SD
    Ortega, José
    191 SD
    Ortega, José Dolores
    152 SD
    Ortega, José Joaquín
    195 SD
    Ortega, María Antonia
    271 SD
    Ortega, Quintin
    163 ND, 216 ND, 197 SD
    Ortega de Argüello, María de la Soledad
    54 ND
    Ortega de Chapman, Guadalupe
    227 SD
    Osa, Vicente de la
    392 SD
    Osborne, William H.
    79 ND
    Osio, Antonio M.
    208 ND, 265 ND
    Pacheco, Francisco P.
    77 SD, 78 SD, 79 SD, 211 SD
    Pacheco, Ignacio
    40 ND
    Pacheco, José Dolores
    155 ND
    Pacheco, Juan P.
    62 ND
    Pacheco, Salvio
    20 ND
    Pacheco, Tomás
    119 ND
    Page, Thomas S.
    156 ND
    Palomares, Ignacio
    122 SD, 128 SD
    Palomares, Josefa
    131 ND
    Panud, Clement
    385 SD
    Parker, H. C.
    442 ND
    Parker, Joseph C.
    394 ND
    Parsons, Lucena
    434 ND
    Pastor, Ignacio
    44 SD
    Patchett, John
    242 ND
    Payson, Henry R.
    285 ND
    Pena, José de Jesús
    374 ND
    Pena, Juan F. (Armijo)
    74 ND
    Peralta, Antonio
    98 ND
    Peralta, Domingo
    100 ND
    Peralta, Ignacio
    99 ND
    Peralta, José Domingo
    322 ND, 395 ND
    Peralta, María Teodora
    314 ND
    Peralta, Sebastian
    164 ND
    Peralta, Vicente
    100 ND
    Peralta, Vicente Domingo
    21 ND
    Perez, Juan C.
    87 SD
    Perez June, María Antonia
    116 SD
    Phelps, Bethuel
    418 ND
    Pico, Andrés
    184 ND, 195 ND, 199 ND, 407 ND, 414 ND, 317 SD, 355 SD, 372 SD
    Pico, Antonio M.
    170 ND
    Pico, Francisco
    399 ND
    Pico, José de Jesús
    43 SD
    Pico, María Antonia
    278 SD
    Pico, Pío
    87 SD, 317 SD, 367 SD
    Pico de Castro, Antonia
    70 ND, 199 SD
    Pico de Castro, María Antonia
    160 SD
    Pios, Petronillo
    326 SD
    Poague, L. E.
    380 SD
    Polack, Joel S.
    299 ND
    Pollard, Aaron
    342 SD
    Pope, Delarina
    154 ND
    Pope, Isabel
    154 ND
    Pope, Joseph
    154 ND
    Pope, Lucian
    154 ND
    Pope, Lucina
    154 ND
    Pope, María
    154 ND
    Portilla, Silvestre de la
    144 SD
    Pratt, Emanuel
    348 ND
    Prudhomme, Leon V.
    147 SD, 214 SD
    Prudon, Victor
    193 ND, 310 ND
    Puebla de Courtney, Juana
    139 SD
    Puig Monmany, Jaime de
    237 SD
    Puig Monmany, José de
    237 SD
    Pyatt, Actemisia
    141 ND
    Quintana, Francisco B.
    292 SD
    Quintana, Geronimo
    260 SD
    Ramírez, J.M.
    341 ND
    Randall, Andre
    356 SD
    Randall, Andrew
    236 ND, 370 ND, 385 ND, 253 SD
    Randall, R.S.
    114 ND
    Ranson, Leander
    187 SD
    Reading, Pearson B.
    4 ND, 288 ND
    Reed, Juan (heirs of)
    183 ND
    Reed, Samuel G.
    330 ND
    Reid, Victoria
    47 SD, 171 SD
    Revere, José W.
    283 ND
    Reyes, Isidro
    141 SD
    Richardson, William (Guillermo) A.
    83 ND
    Richardson, William A.
    408 ND
    Richie, Archibald
    2 ND
    Rico, Francisco
    413 ND
    Ridley, Clara
    151 ND
    Ridley, Presentación de
    105 ND, 151 ND
    Ridley, Robert
    151 ND
    Ríos, Petrenelo
    351 SD
    Ríos, Petronillo
    390 ND
    Ríos, Santiago
    137 SD
    Ritche, Archibald A.
    13 ND, 14 ND, 139 ND
    Riva, Ramón G. de la
    222 ND
    Robbins, Thomas M.
    184 SD
    Robles, Secundino
    81 ND
    Robles, Teodoro
    81 ND
    Rocha, José
    287 SD
    Rocha, José J.
    287 SD
    Rockwell, Lovett P.
    150 ND
    Rodríguez, Antonio
    332 ND
    Rodríguez, Damaso A.
    39 ND
    Rodríguez, José Antonio
    220 SD
    Rodríguez, Manuel
    271 ND
    Rodríguez, María Concepción de (heirs of)
    88 ND
    Rodríguez, María del Carmen de
    107 SD
    Rodríguez, Ramón
    250 ND
    Rodríguez, Sebastian
    229 ND, 289 SD
    Rodriguez de Poli, Manuel A.
    318 SD
    Roland, John
    221 ND, 127 SD
    Romero, Inocencio
    304 ND
    Romero, María Verdugo
    33 SD
    Romo, Pedro
    181 SD
    Rose, J.K.
    8 ND
    Rose, John
    312 ND
    Rose, Julius K.
    71 ND
    Roubideau, Louis
    263 SD, 269 SD
    Ruffino, Francisco
    219 ND
    Ruffino, Franklin
    219 ND
    Ruis, Joaquín
    205 SD
    Ruiz, Catarina
    302 SD
    Ruiz, Gabriel
    60 SD
    Russell, Thomas W.
    383 SD
    Saenz, Domingo
    65 ND
    Sainsevain, Paula
    289 ND
    Sainsevain, Pedro
    90 ND, 391 SD
    Sais, Domingo
    65 ND
    Sales, Francisco
    94 SD
    Salmon, Francis
    30 ND
    Sampson, W. H.
    341 ND
    Sanchez, F. P.
    217 SD
    Sanchez, F. Templo
    217 SD
    Sánchez, Francisco
    82 ND
    Sánchez, Hilaria
    185 ND
    Sánchez, José de la Cruz
    101 ND, 178 ND
    Sánchez, José M.
    105 SD, 106 SD
    Sánchez, José María
    136 ND
    Sánchez, Juan
    90 SD
    Sánchez, Juan M.
    217 SD 243 SD
    Sánchez, Rafael
    277 SD
    Sánchez, Tomás
    376 SD
    Sánchez, Vicente
    105 SD
    Sanchez de Pacheo, Juana (heirs of)
    46 ND
    Sanchez de Valencia, Paula
    263 ND
    Sanford, W.T.B.
    305 SD
    Santillan, José Prudencio
    219 ND
    Santos, Fernando
    202 ND
    Santos, Julian
    202 ND
    Schultess, John F.
    200 ND
    Sciligo, G. A.
    443 ND
    Scott, Ann
    366 SD
    Scott, Jesse
    366 SD
    Scott, Jonathan R.
    316 SD
    Semple, Charles D.
    28 ND
    Sepulveda, Diego
    12 SD
    Sepulveda, Francisco
    143 SD
    Sepulveda, Joaquín
    87 SD
    Sepulveda, José
    185 SD
    Sepulveda, Juan
    93 SD
    Sepulveda, Vicente
    362 SD
    Serrano, José
    31 SD
    Serrano, José A.
    189 SD
    Sexton, Daniel
    235 SD, 259 SD
    Shaddon, Thomas
    197 ND
    Sheldon, Catharine
    182 ND
    Shultess, John F.
    201 ND
    Sibrian de Bernal, Carmen
    5 ND, 165 ND
    Silvas, Juan
    136 SD
    Simmons, Bezar (assigns of)
    223 ND
    Smith, Eliza
    141 ND
    Smith, Henry C.
    290 ND
    Smith, Mowry W.
    293 ND
    Smith, Stephen
    35 ND, 224 ND, 284 ND
    Smith, Thomas J.
    297 ND
    Sneed, W. T.
    444 ND
    Snook, María Antonia
    341 SD
    Soberanes, Feliciano
    27 SD, 348 SD
    Soberanes, Juan
    41 SD, 223 SD
    Soberanes, María Josefa
    202 SD
    Soberanes, Mariano
    41 SD, 221 SD, 223 SD
    Sobranes, Francisco
    206 SD
    Solme, Andrés
    145 SD
    Solme, Catarina
    145 SD
    Soto, Barbara
    300 ND
    Soto, Joaquín
    198 SD, 210 SD
    Soto, Josefa
    42 ND
    Soto, Loreno
    192 SD
    Soto, Teodora
    308 ND
    Soto de Pacheco, Rafael
    73 ND
    Sparks, Isaac J.
    69 SD, 120 SD
    Spence, David
    151 SD
    Spence, David S.
    4 SD
    Spencer, Dwight
    457 ND
    Spencer, Eliza
    458 ND
    Stearns, Abel
    262 ND, 161 SD, 290 SD
    Stephens, John D
    382 ND
    Stockton, Robert F.
    77 ND
    Stokes, Eduardo
    191 SD, 195 SD
    Stokes, James
    111 SD, 377 SD
    Stone, C. P.
    325 ND
    Stoner, Kate M.
    446 ND
    Sunol, Antonio
    102 ND
    Suñol, Antonio
    289 ND
    Sutherland, T. W.
    82 SD, 114 SD
    Sutter, John A.
    369 ND, 415 ND, 319 ND
    Swain, John Wilson
    99 SD
    Swain, Josiah H.
    99 SD
    Swansen, James
    87 ND
    Swat, George
    272 ND
    Sweazy, G. N.
    341 ND
    Tache, Baltazar
    379 SD
    Tapia, Gregorio
    323 SD
    Tasion, Manuel Sales
    54 SD
    Temple, Juan
    17 SD
    Teschemacher, H.F.
    8 ND
    Thomes, Robert H.
    85 ND
    Thompson, Alpheus B.
    351 ND
    Thompson, J.P.
    8 ND
    Thompson, Joseph P.
    80 ND, 67 ND
    Tico, Fernando
    53 SD, 168 SD
    Tico de Rodríguez, Juana
    57 SD
    Todd, Samuel
    370 ND
    Toomes, Alberto J.
    91 ND
    Torre, Joaquín de ;a
    40 SD
    Torres, Manuel
    95 ND
    Truebody, John
    118 ND
    129 SD
    Uribe de Campo, Francisco
    372 SD
    Uribe de Campo, Francisco de (heirs of)
    355 SD
    Ursua, Julian
    181 SD
    Vaca, Juan M.
    74 ND
    Valdez, María Rita
    371 SD
    Valencia, Candelario
    389 ND
    Valencia, Eustacio
    353 ND
    Valencia, José R.
    353 ND
    Valencia, María Manuela
    138 ND
    Valencia de Rodríguez, María Concepción
    206 ND
    Valenzuela, Antonio
    62 SD
    Valenzuela, Felipe
    51 SD
    Valenzuela, Rafaela
    135 SD
    Valle, Ignacio del
    327 SD
    Vallejo, José de Jesús
    59 ND, 60 ND, 35 SD
    Vallejo, María
    225 ND
    Vallejo, Mariano G.
    140 ND, 152 ND 153 ND, 318 ND, 321 ND
    Vallejo, Salvador
    39 ND, 225 ND, 247 ND, 421 ND
    Vallejo, Uladislac
    168 ND
    Vanegas, Cosme
    97 SD
    Vasquez, Ermenegildo
    330 SD
    Vasquez, Felipe (heirs of)
    222 SD
    Vasquez, Guadalupe
    326 ND
    Vasquez, Pedro J.
    331 ND
    Vasquez, Tiburcio
    167 ND
    Vassault, Ferdinand
    387 ND
    Vejar, Emigdio
    146 SD
    Verdugo, Catalina
    381 SD
    Verdugo, Julio
    381 SD
    Viajar, Ricardo
    128 SD
    Vignes, Luis
    6 SD, 119 SD, 203 SD
    Villa, Antonio M.
    64 SD
    Villagran, Miguel
    282 SD
    Villavicancio, Rafael
    8 SD
    Villavicencia, José María
    45 SD
    Voss, Emilius
    214 ND
    Wade, Ruben S.
    330 ND
    Walker, Joel P.
    231 ND
    Walkinshaw, Robert
    410 ND
    Walters, Charles
    112 SD
    Ward, J. Walter Jr.
    450 ND
    Ware, William
    342 ND
    Warner, Juan J.
    218 SD, 358 SD
    Warner, W. W.
    273 ND
    Watkins, Luis D.
    336 ND, 352 ND
    Watmough, James H.
    256 ND
    Watson, James
    68 SD
    Watson, John H.
    283 SD
    Weber, Charles M.
    298 ND, 332 SD
    Weeks, James W.
    368 ND, 383 ND
    White, Charles
    233 ND, 346 ND
    White, Ellen E.
    238 ND, 71 SD, 375 SD
    White, Francis J.
    306 ND
    White, Michael
    138 SD, 281 SD
    White, Michael C. (Maria)
    132 SD
    White, William W.
    378 ND
    William, Isaac
    335 SD
    Williams, Issac
    182 SD
    Williams, James
    345 ND, 384 ND
    Williams, Squire
    345 ND
    Williams, Wiliam
    249 SD
    Wilson, Benjamin D.
    305 SD
    Wilson, Edward
    365 ND
    Wilson, John
    94 ND, 25 SD, 261 SD, 366 SD
    Wilson, John H.
    28 SD
    Wise, Nicholas H.
    393 ND
    Wolfskill, William
    232 ND
    Woodside, Preston K.
    288 SD
    Workman, Julian
    127 SD, 342 SD, 345 SD
    Workman, William
    229 SD
    Wright, Daniel
    30 ND
    Wright, Francis
    293 SD
    Wunderlein, Stephen
    201 ND
    Yansens, Agustín
    115 SD
    Ybarra, André S.
    228 SD
    Ybarra, Gil
    85 SD
    Yerba, Ramon
    208 SD
    Yorba, Bernardo
    89 SD, 126 SD, 297 SD, 346 SD
    Yorba, Domingo
    162 SD
    Yorba, Isabel
    177 SD
    Yorba, Ramón
    346 SD
    Yorba, Teodocio
    186 SD
    Yorba, Teodoro
    346 SD
    Yount, George C.
    32 ND, 34 ND
    Zaldo, Elizabeth de
    145 ND
    Zollener, John F.
    439 ND

    Index of Rancho Names

    El Rancho Primer Cañon or Rio de los Berrendos (Calif.)
    12 ND
    Hollister Ranch (Calif.)
    86 SD
    Johnson's Ranch (Calif.)
    397 ND
    La Brea Pits (Calif.)
    287 SD
    Larkins Children's Rancho (Calif.)
    115 ND
    Las Mariposas Rancho (Calif.)
    1 ND
    Los Angeles (Calif.)
    386 SD
    Mission San Francisco Solano (Sonoma, Calif.),
    425 ND
    Mission San José (Alameda County, Calif.)
    59 ND, 425 ND
    Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa (San Luis Obispo, Calif.)
    11 SD
    Mission San Miguel Arcangel (San Miguel, Calif.)
    326 SD
    Mission San Rafael Archangel (San Rafael, Calif.)
    425 ND
    Monterey County (Cocks) (Calif.), Tract of Land in
    298 SD
    Rancheria del Rio Estanislao (Calif.)
    413 ND
    Rancho Acalanes (Calif.)
    31 ND
    Rancho Agua Caliente (Alameda County and Santa Clara County, Calif.)
    133 ND
    Rancho Agua Caliente (Sonoma County, Calif.)
    325 ND, 327 ND, 333 ND
    Rancho Agua Hedionda (Calif.)
    238 SD
    Rancho Agua Puerca y las Trancas (Calif.)
    250 ND
    Rancho Aguajito (Calif.)
    323 SD
    Rancho Aguas Frias (Calif.)
    370 ND
    Rancho Aptos (Calif.)
    172 SD
    Rancho Arroyo Chico (Calif.)
    38 ND, 162 ND
    Rancho Arroyo de la Alameda (Calif.)
    60 ND
    Rancho Arroyo de las Nueces y Bolbones (Calif.)
    46 ND
    Rancho Arroyo de San Antonio (Calif.)
    346 ND
    Rancho Arroyo del Rodeo (Calif.)
    307 SD
    Rancho Arroyo Grande (Calif.)
    75 SD
    Rancho Arroyo Seco (Amador County, Calif.)
    199 ND
    Rancho Arroyo Seco (Monterey County, Calif.)
    40 SD
    Rancho Asuncion (Calif.)
    76 SD
    Rancho Atascadero (Calif.)
    113 SD
    Rancho Ausaymas y San Felipe (Calif.)
    79 SD
    Rancho Azusa (Calif.)
    46 SD, 121 SD, 128 SD
    Rancho Ballona (Calif.)
    123 SD
    Rancho Blucher (Calif.)
    224 ND
    Rancho Boca de Santa Monica (Calif.)
    141 SD, 143 SD
    Rancho Bodega (Calif.)
    35 ND
    Rancho Boga (Calif.)
    358 ND, 377 ND
    Rancho Bolsa de Chamisal (Calif.)
    36 SD
    Rancho Bolsa de las Escorpinas (Calif.)
    67 SD
    Rancho Bolsa de San Cayetano (Calif.)
    35 SD
    Rancho Bolsa de San Felipe (Calif.)
    77 SD
    Rancho Bolsa de Tomales (Calif.)
    121 ND
    Rancho Bolsa del Pajaro (Calif.)
    283 SD, 289 SD
    Rancho Bolsa del Potrero y Moro Cojo or La Sagrada Familia (Calif.)
    7 SD
    Rancho Bolsa Nueva y Moro Cojo (Calif.)
    424 ND, 7 SD, 98 SD
    Rancho Bosquejo (Calif.)
    367 ND
    Rancho Buri Buri (Calif.)
    101 ND
    Rancho Butano (Calif.)
    271 ND
    Rancho Cañada de Capay (Calif.)
    382 ND
    Rancho Cañada de Guadalupe, la Visitacion y Rodeo Viejo (Calif.)
    237 ND, 285 ND
    Rancho Cañada de Herrera (Calif.)
    65 ND
    Rancho Cañada de Jonive (Calif.)
    48 ND
    Rancho Cañada de la Carpenteria (Calif.)
    198 SD
    Rancho Cañada de la Segunda (Calif.)
    356 SD
    Rancho Cañada de los Alisos (Calif.)
    31 SD
    Rancho Cañada de los Capitancillos (Calif.)
    132 ND, 142 ND, 363 ND
    Rancho Cañada de Los Osos y Pecho y Islay (Calif.)
    28 SD
    Rancho Cañada de los Piños (Calif.)
    388 SD
    Rancho Cañada de los Vaqueros (Calif.)
    386 ND
    Rancho Cañada de Pala (Calif.)
    373 ND
    Rancho Cañada de Pogolimi (Calif.)
    44 ND
    Rancho Cañada de Raymundo (Calif.)
    75 ND
    Rancho Cañada de San Felipe y las Animas (Calif.)
    332 SD
    Rancho Cañada de San Miguelito (Calif.)
    57 SD
    Rancho Cañada de San Vicente y Mesa del Padre Barona (Calif.)
    162 SD
    Rancho Cañada de Verde y Arroyo de la Purisima (Calif.)
    350 ND
    Rancho Cañada del Corral (Calif.)
    152 SD
    Rancho Cañada del Corte Madera (Calif.)
    395 ND
    Rancho Cañada del Hambre y las Bolsas (Calif.)
    308 ND
    Rancho Cañada del Rincon en el Rio de San Lorenzo de Santa Cruz (Calif.)
    90 ND, 391 SD
    Rancho Cañada Larga o Verde (Calif.)
    81 SD
    Rancho Cañon de Santa Ana (Calif.)
    89 SD
    Rancho Cabeza de Santa Rosa (Calif.)
    124 ND, 125 ND, 126 ND, 127 ND, 128 ND, 235 ND
    Rancho Calleguas (Calif.)
    60 SD
    Rancho Camulos (Calif.)
    239 SD
    Rancho Capay (Calif.)
    42 ND
    Rancho Carne Humana (Calif.)
    47 ND
    Rancho Caslamayomi (Calif.)
    186 ND
    Rancho Casmalia (Calif.)
    284 SD
    Rancho Castac (Calif.)
    349 SD
    Rancho Catacula (Calif.)
    72 ND
    Rancho Caymus (Calif.)
    32 ND
    Rancho Chimiles (Calif.)
    43 ND
    Rancho Chualar (Calif.)
    110 SD
    Rancho Cienega de los Paicines (Calif.)
    220 SD
    Rancho Cienega del Gabilan (Calif.)
    314 SD
    Rancho Cienega o Paso de la Tijera (Calif.)
    360 SD, 376 SD
    Rancho Collayomi (Calif.)
    14 ND
    Rancho Colus (Calif.)
    28 ND
    Rancho Corral de Piedra (Calif.)
    45 SD
    Rancho Corral de Quati (Calif.)
    49 SD
    Rancho Corral de Tierra (Monterey County, Calif.)
    359 SD
    Rancho Corral de Tierra (Palomeres, Calif.)
    49 ND
    Rancho Corral de Tierra (Vasquez) (San Mateo, Calif.)
    167 ND
    Rancho Corte Madera de Novato (Calif.)
    134 ND
    Rancho Corte Madera del Presidio (Calif.)
    183 ND, 429 ND
    Rancho Cotate (Calif.)
    156 ND
    Rancho Cuca (Calif.)
    251 SD
    Rancho Cucamonga (Calif. : Ranch)
    214 SD
    Rancho Cuyama (Calif.)
    104 SD, 365 SD
    Rancho Cuyamaca (Calif.)
    124 SD
    Rancho de Farwell (Calif.)
    384 ND
    Rancho del Paso (Calif.)
    53 ND
    Rancho del Puerto (Calif.)
    330 ND
    Rancho El Alisal (Hartnell, Calif.)
    254 SD
    Rancho El Cajon (Calif.)
    114 SD
    Rancho El Chamisal (Calif.)
    222 SD
    Rancho El Chorro (Calif.)
    25 SD
    Rancho El Conejo (Calif.)
    107 SD
    Rancho El Corte de Madera (Calif.)
    36 ND
    Rancho El Pescadero (Monterey County, Calif.)
    157 SD
    Rancho El Pescadero (San Joaquin County and Stanislaus County, Calif.)
    137 ND, 170 ND
    Rancho El Piojo (Calif.)
    210 SD
    Rancho El Potrero de San Carlos (Calif.)
    333 SD
    Rancho El Rincon (San Bernardino County and Riverside County, Calif.)
    182 SD, 297 SD
    Rancho El Rincon (Santa Barbara County and Ventura County, Calif.)
    59 SD
    Rancho El Sur (Calif.)
    1 SD
    Rancho El Toro (Calif.)
    112 SD
    Rancho Encinal y Buena Esperanza (Calif.)
    4 SD
    Rancho Entre Napa (Calif.)
    80 ND, 176 ND, 177 ND, 365 ND
    Rancho Esquon (Calif.)
    179 ND
    Rancho Estero Americano (Calif.)
    41 ND
    Rancho Ex Mission de San Fernando (Calif.)
    343 SD
    Rancho Ex Mission San Buenaventura (Calif.)
    227 SD
    Rancho Ex Mission San José (Calif.)
    407 ND
    Rancho Ex Mission San Rafael (Calif.)
    281 ND, 390 ND
    Rancho Feliz (Calif.)
    148 ND
    Rancho German (Calif.)
    15 ND
    Rancho Guadalasca (Calif.)
    177 SD
    Rancho Guadalupe (Calif.)
    39 SD
    Rancho Guejito (Calif.)
    84 SD
    Rancho Guenoc (Lake County, Calif.)
    13 ND
    Rancho Honcut (Calif.)
    51 ND, 301 ND
    Rancho Huasna (Calif.)
    69 SD
    Rancho Huerhuero (Calif.)
    196 SD
    Rancho Huerta de Romualdo (Calif.)
    25 SD, 261 SD
    Rancho Huichica (Calif.)
    50 ND, 423 ND
    Rancho Island or Peninsula of San Diego (Calif.)
    257 SD
    Rancho Jamacho (Calif.)
    48 SD
    Rancho James Meadows (Calif.)
    159 SD
    Rancho Jesús María (Calif.)
    268 SD
    Rancho Jimeno (Calif.)
    23 ND, 188 ND
    Rancho Juristac (Calif.)
    9 ND, 396 SD
    Rancho Jurupa (Riverside County and San Bernardino County, Calif.)
    213 SD
    Rancho La Barranca Colorada (Calif.)
    371 ND
    Rancho La Boca de la Cañada del Pinole (Calif.)
    138 ND, 205 ND
    Rancho La Bolsa Chica (Calif.)
    205 SD
    Rancho La Cañada (Calif.)
    316 SD
    Rancho La Goleta (Calif.)
    252 SD
    Rancho La Habra (Calif.)
    355 SD
    Rancho La Jota (Calif.)
    34 ND
    Rancho La Laguna (Riverside County, Calif.)
    161 SD
    Rancho La Laguna (Santa Barbara County, Calif.)
    21 SD
    Rancho La Merced (Calif.)
    217 SD
    Rancho La Mission Vieja de la Purisima (Calif.)
    61 SD
    Rancho La Nación (Calif.)
    246 SD
    Rancho La Natividad (Calif.)
    361 SD
    Rancho La Puente (Calif.)
    127 SD
    Rancho La Purísima Concepción (Calif.)
    130 ND
    Rancho La Sierra (Sepulveda, Calif.)
    126 SD, 362 SD
    Rancho La Sierra (Yorba, Calif.)
    126 SD, 362 SD
    Rancho La Zaca (Calif.)
    241 SD
    Rancho Laguna de la Merced (Calif.)
    380 ND
    Rancho Laguna de las Calabasas (Calif.)
    293 SD
    Rancho Laguna de los Palos Colorados (Calif.)
    276 ND
    Rancho Laguna de San Antonio (Calif.)
    61 ND
    Rancho Laguna de Tache (Calif.)
    424 ND, 255 SD
    Rancho Laguna Seca (Monterey County, Calif.)
    16 SD
    Rancho Laguna Seca (Santa Clara County, Calif.)
    211 ND
    Rancho Las Animas (Calif.)
    136 ND, 216 ND
    Rancho Las Aromitas y Agua Caliente (Calif.)
    102 SD
    Rancho Las Baulines (Calif.)
    189 ND, 174 SD
    Rancho Las Bolsas (Calif.)
    208 SD
    Rancho Las Camaritas (San Francisco, Calif.)
    387 ND
    Rancho Las Cieneguitas (Calif.)
    20 SD
    Rancho Las Cruces (Calif.)
    430 ND
    Rancho Las Flores (Calif.)
    25 ND
    Rancho Las Juntas (Calif.)
    87 ND, 304 ND
    Rancho Las Posas (Calif.)
    117 SD
    Rancho Las Positas (Calif.)
    135 ND
    Rancho Las Positas y La Calera (Calif.)
    184 SD
    Rancho Las Putas (Calif.)
    175 ND
    Rancho Las Salinas (Calif.)
    158 SD
    Rancho Las Uvas (Calif.)
    174 ND
    Rancho Las Virgenes (Calif.)
    256 SD, 265 SD
    Rancho Llano de Santa Rosa (Calif.)
    58 ND
    Rancho Llano del Tequisquita (Calif.)
    106 SD, 133 SD
    Rancho Llano Seco (Calif.)
    286 ND, 398 ND
    Rancho Locoallomi (Calif.)
    154 ND
    Rancho Lomas de la Purificacion (Calif.)
    115 SD
    Rancho Lomas de Santiago (Calif.)
    186 SD
    Rancho Lomerias Muertas (Calif.)
    105 SD, 234 SD
    Rancho Lompoc (Calif.)
    15 SD
    Rancho Los Alamitos (Calif.)
    290 SD
    Rancho Los Alamos (Calif.)
    83 SD
    Rancho Los Alamos y Agua Caliente (Calif.)
    183 SD, 236 SD
    Rancho Los Carneros (Littlejohn, Calif.)
    322 SD, 384 SD
    Rancho Los Coches (Monterey County, Calif.)
    202 SD
    Rancho Los Coches (Santa Clara County, Calif.)
    289 ND
    Rancho Los Corralitos (Calif.)
    100 SD, 175 SD, 201 SD
    Rancho Los Dos Pueblos (Calif.)
    150 SD
    Rancho Los Encenitos (Calif.)
    228 SD
    Rancho Los Gatos or Santa Rita (Calif.)
    276 SD
    Rancho Los Guilicos (Calif.)
    94 ND
    Rancho Los Huecos (Calif.)
    221 ND
    Rancho Los Laureles (Beronda, Calif.)
    240 SD
    Rancho Los Medanos (Calif.)
    364 ND
    Rancho Los Meganos (Calif.)
    107 ND
    Rancho Los Molinos (Calif.)
    227 ND
    Rancho Los Nogales (Calif.)
    127 SD, 88 SD
    Rancho Los Ojitos (Calif.)
    221 SD
    Rancho Los Palos Verdes (Calif.)
    93 SD
    Rancho Los Tularcitos (Calif.)
    3 SD
    Rancho Los Ulpinos (Calif.)
    86 ND
    Rancho Los Vallecitos de San Marcos (Calif.)
    192 SD
    Rancho Los Vergeles (Calif.)
    111 SD
    Rancho Mallacomes or Moristal (Calif.)
    375 ND
    Rancho Mallacomes or Moristal y Plan de Agua Caliente (Calif.)
    161 ND
    Rancho Milpitas (Santa Clara County, Calif.)
    37 ND, 388 ND
    Rancho Miramontes (Calif.)
    269 ND
    Rancho Mission Viejo or La Paz (Calif.)
    250 SD
    Rancho Monserate (Calif.)
    224 SD
    Rancho Monte del Diablo (Calif.)
    20 ND
    Rancho Muniz (Calif.)
    95 ND
    Rancho Muscupiabe (Calif.)
    281 SD
    Rancho Nacional (Calif.)
    70 SD
    Rancho Napa (Calif.)
    66 ND, 67 ND, 78 ND, 79 ND, 109 ND, 212 ND, 249 ND, 393 ND, 433 ND, 451 ND, 453 ND
    Rancho New Helvetia (Calif.)
    319 ND, 324 ND, 341 ND, 416 ND, 417 ND
    Rancho Nicasio (Calif.)
    392 ND
    Rancho Niguel (Calif.)
    31 SD, 130 SD
    Rancho Nipomo (Calif.)
    13 SD
    Rancho Nojoqui (Calif.)
    29 SD
    Rancho Novato (Calif.)
    223 ND
    Rancho Nuestra Señora del Refugio (Calif.)
    154 SD
    Rancho Ojai (Calif.)
    168 SD
    Rancho Ojo de Agua de Figueroa (San Francisco, Calif.)
    401 ND
    Rancho Ojo de Agua de la Coche (Calif.)
    379 ND
    Rancho Olompali (Calif.)
    10 ND
    Rancho Omochumnes (Calif.)
    182 ND
    Rancho Orestimba (Calif.)
    57 ND
    Rancho Pala (Calif.)
    233 ND, 419 ND
    Rancho Panoche de San Juan y Los Carrisalitos (Calif.)
    181 SD
    Rancho Paraje de Sanchez (Calif.)
    230 SD
    Rancho Paso de Bartolo (Calif.)
    87 SD
    Rancho Paso de Robles (Calif.)
    351 SD
    Rancho Pastoria de las Borregas (Calif.)
    84 ND, 97 ND, 410 ND
    Rancho Pauba (Calif.)
    203 SD
    Rancho Pauma (Calif.)
    189 SD
    Rancho Petaluma (Calif.)
    321 ND
    Rancho Pinole (Calif.)
    205 ND
    Rancho Pismo (Calif.)
    120 SD
    Rancho Pleyto (Calif.)
    288 SD
    Rancho Posa de los Ositos (Calif.)
    209 SD
    Rancho Posolmi (Calif.)
    410 ND
    Rancho Potrero de los Cerritos (Calif.)
    119 ND
    Rancho Potrero de San Luis Obispo (Calif.)
    304 SD
    Rancho Potrero Grande (Calif.)
    243 SD
    Rancho Potrero y Rincon de San Padro Reglado (Calif.)
    383 SD
    Rancho Potreros de San Juan Capistrano (Calif.)
    337 SD
    Rancho Providencia (Calif.)
    30 SD
    Rancho Pulgas (Calif.)
    54 ND
    Rancho Punta de la Laguna (Calif.)
    188 SD
    Rancho Punta de los Reyes (Randall, Calif.)
    236 ND
    Rancho Punta de los Reyes (Sobrante, Calif.)
    418 ND
    Rancho Punta de Pinos (Calif.)
    157 SD, 169 SD, 380 SD
    Rancho Punta del Año Nuevo (Calif.)
    70 ND, 229 ND, 199 SD
    Rancho Quito (Calif.)
    226 ND
    Rancho Real de las Aguilas (Calif.)
    262 SD
    Rancho Refugio (Calif.)
    286 SD
    Rancho Rincón de las Salinas y Potrero Viejo (San Francisco, Calif.)
    5 ND
    Rancho Rincon de la Brea (Calif.)
    85 SD
    Rancho Rincon de la Puente del Monte (Calif.)
    101 SD, 110 SD
    Rancho Rincon de las Salinas (Calif.)
    215 SD
    Rancho Rincon de los Bueyes (Calif.)
    131 SD
    Rancho Rincon de los Esteros (Calif.)
    204 ND, 239 ND
    Rancho Rincon de Musalacon (Calif.)
    222 ND
    Rancho Rincon de San Francisquito (Calif.)
    81 ND
    Rancho Rincon de Sanjon (Calif.)
    244 SD
    Rancho Rinconada de Los Gatos (Calif.)
    164 ND
    Rancho Rinconada del Arroyo de San Francisquito (Calif.)
    129 ND
    Rancho Rio de Jesús María (Calif.)
    26 ND, 360 ND
    Rancho Rio de los Americanos (Calif.)
    359 ND
    Rancho Rio de los Molinos (Calif.)
    91 ND
    Rancho Rio de los Putos (Calif.)
    232 ND
    Rancho Rio de Santa Clara (Calif.)
    231 SD
    Rancho Roblar de la Miseria (Calif.)
    30 ND
    Rancho Salsipuedes (Calif.)
    201 SD
    Rancho San Andrés (Calif.)
    100 SD
    Rancho San Antonio (Alameda County, Calif.)
    21 ND, 98 ND, 100 ND
    Rancho San Antonio (Los Angeles County, Calif.)
    9 SD
    Rancho San Antonio (Santa Clara County, Calif.)
    275 ND, 366 ND, 368 ND, 378 ND, 383 ND
    Rancho San Antonio or Pescadero (Calif.)
    104 ND
    Rancho San Augustin (Calif.)
    180 ND
    Rancho San Benito (Calif.)
    68 SD
    Rancho San Bernabe (Calif.)
    306 SD
    Rancho San Bernardino (Calif.)
    12 SD
    Rancho San Bernardo (Monterey County, Calif.)
    223 SD
    Rancho San Bernardo (San Diego County, Calif.)
    341 SD
    Rancho San Bernardo (San Luis Obispo County, Calif.)
    41 SD
    Rancho San Buena Ventura (Calif.)
    4 ND
    Rancho San Carlos de Jonata (Calif.)
    156 SD
    Rancho San Dieguito (Calif.)
    92 SD
    Rancho San Emidio (Calif.)
    344 SD
    Rancho San Francisco (Calif.)
    303 SD
    Rancho San Francisco de las Llagas (Calif.)
    147 ND
    Rancho San Francisquito (Los Angeles County, Calif.)
    22 SD
    Rancho San Francisquito (Monterey County, Calif.)
    247 SD
    Rancho San Francisquito (Rodriguez, Calif.)
    206 ND
    Rancho San Geronimo (San Luis Obispo County, Calif.)
    8 SD
    Rancho San Gregorio (Castro), Calif.)
    88 ND, 89 ND
    Rancho San Jacinto Nuevo y Potrero (Calif.)
    80 SD, 82 SD
    Rancho San Jacinto Viejo (Calif.)
    233 SD
    Rancho San Jacinto y San Gorgonio (Calif.)
    269 SD
    Rancho San Joaquin (San Benito County, Calif.)
    3 ND, 178 SD
    Rancho San José (Los Angeles County, Calif.)
    122 SD, 128 SD
    Rancho San José (Marin County, Calif.)
    40 ND
    Rancho San José de Buenos Ayres (Calif.)
    305 SD
    Rancho San José del Valle (Calif.)
    218 SD
    Rancho San José y Sur Chiquito (Calif.)
    373 SD
    Rancho San Juan (Calif.)
    324 ND, 417 ND
    Rancho San Juan Bautista (Santa Clara County, Calif.)
    7 ND , 419 ND
    Rancho San Juan Cajon de Santa Ana (Calif.)
    140 SD
    Rancho San Julian (Calif.)
    10 SD
    Rancho San Justo (Calif.)
    211 SD, 375 SD
    Rancho San Leandro (Calif.)
    234 ND, 337 ND
    Rancho San Lorenzo (Castro, Calif.)
    29 ND
    Rancho San Lorenzo (Randall, Calif.)
    253 SD
    Rancho San Lorenzo (Sanchez, Calif.)
    277 SD
    Rancho San Lorenzo (Soberanes, Calif.)
    27 SD
    Rancho San Lorenzo (Soto, Calif.)
    29 ND, 300 ND
    Rancho San Lucas (Calif.)
    34 SD
    Rancho San Luisito (Calif.)
    26 SD
    Rancho San Marcos (Calif.)
    364 SD
    Rancho San Mateo (Calif.)
    178 ND, 409 ND
    Rancho San Miguel (San Francisco, Calif.)
    6 ND
    Rancho San Miguel (Sonoma County, Calif.)
    326 ND
    Rancho San Miguelito (Monterey County, Calif.)
    18 SD
    Rancho San Miguelito (San Luis Obispo County, Calif.)
    37 SD, 38 SD, 74 SD
    Rancho San Pablo (Calif.)
    320 ND, 403 ND
    Rancho San Pascual (Calif.)
    116 SD, 173 SD, 248 SD
    Rancho San Pedro (Calif.)
    273 SD
    Rancho San Pedro (San Mateo County, Calif.)
    82 ND
    Rancho San Pedro, Santa Margarita y Las Gallinas (Calif.)
    16 ND
    Rancho San Ramon (Amador, Calif.)
    144 ND
    Rancho San Ramon (Carpentier, Calif.)
    73 ND, 322 ND
    Rancho San Ramon (Norris, Calif.)
    144 ND, 287 ND
    Rancho San Vicente (Monterey County, Calif.)
    5 SD
    Rancho San Vicente (Santa Clara County, Calif.)
    332 ND, 363 ND
    Rancho San Vicente (Santa Cruz County, Calif.)
    280 SD
    Rancho San Vicente y Santa Monica (Calif.)
    143 SD
    Rancho San Ysidro (Calif.)
    163 ND, 216 ND, 197 SD
    Rancho Sanel (Calif.)
    22 ND
    Rancho Sanjon de los Moquelumnes (Calif.)
    93 ND, 406 ND
    Rancho Sanjon de Santa Rita (Calif.)
    206 SD
    Rancho Santa Ana (Calif.)
    97 SD
    Rancho Santa Ana del Chino (Calif.)
    182 SD
    Rancho Santa Ana del Chino Addition (Calif.)
    182 SD 335 SD,
    Rancho Santa Ana y Quien Sabe (Calif.)
    258 SD, 315 SD, 370 SD
    Rancho Santa Clara del Norte (Calif.)
    90 SD
    Rancho Santa Gertrudes (Colima, Calif.)
    194 SD, 272 SD
    Rancho Santa Gertrudes (McFarland and Downey, Calif.)
    194 SD
    Rancho Santa Manuela (Calif.)
    24 SD
    Rancho Santa Margarita (Calif.)
    317 SD, 367 SD
    Rancho Santa Margarita (San Luis Obispo County, Calif.)
    149 SD
    Rancho Santa Paula y Saticoy (Calif.)
    328 SD
    Rancho Santa Rita (Alameda County, Calif.)
    155 ND
    Rancho Santa Rita (Santa Barbara County, Calif.)
    219 SD
    Rancho Santa Rosa (Riverside County, Calif.)
    148 SD
    Rancho Santa Rosa (San Luis Obispo County, Calif.)
    73 SD
    Rancho Santa Rosa (Santa Barbara County, Calif.)
    294 SD
    Rancho Santa Teresa (Calif.)
    181 ND
    Rancho Santa Ysabel (San Diego County, Calif.)
    191 SD
    Rancho Santa Ysabel (San Luis Obispo County, Calif.)
    42 SD
    Rancho Santiago de Santa Ana (Calif.)
    346 SD
    Rancho Saucelito (Calif.)
    83 ND
    Rancho Saucos (Calif.)
    85 ND
    Rancho Sespe (Calif.)
    32 SD
    Rancho Shoquel (Calif.)
    295 ND, 343 ND, 299 SD
    Rancho Simi (Calif.)
    103 SD
    Rancho Solis (Calif.)
    405 ND
    Rancho Sotoyome (Calif.)
    52 ND
    Rancho Soulajule (Calif.)
    328 ND, 329 ND, 331 ND, 334 ND, 336 ND, 352 ND
    Rancho Suey (Calif.)
    14 SD
    Rancho Suisun (Calif.)
    2 ND, 396 ND
    Rancho Tajauta (Calif.)
    167 SD, 354 SD
    Rancho Temascal (Los Angeles and Ventura Counties, Calif.)
    153 SD
    Rancho Temecula (Calif.)
    6 SD, 119 SD
    Rancho Temescal (Riverside County, Calif.)
    374 SD
    Rancho Tepusquet (Calif.)
    336 SD
    Rancho Tequepis (Calif.)
    64 SD
    Rancho Tinaquaic (Calif.)
    200 SD
    Rancho Todos Santos y San Antonio (Calif.)
    357 SD
    Rancho Tomales y Baulines (Calif.)
    68 ND, 418 ND
    Rancho Trabuco (Calif.)
    216 SD
    Rancho Tres Ojos de Agua (Calif.)
    285 SD
    Rancho Tujunga (Calif.)
    52 SD
    Rancho Tularcitos (Calif.)
    228 ND
    Rancho Tulucay (Calif.)
    45 ND
    Rancho Tzabaco (Calif.)
    374 ND
    Rancho Ulistac (Calif.)
    323 ND
    Rancho Valle de las Viejas (Calif.)
    249 SD
    Rancho Valle de Pamo or Santa María (Calif.)
    195 SD
    Rancho Valle de San Felipe (Calif.)
    329 SD
    Rancho Valle de San José (Alameda County, Calif.)
    102 ND
    Rancho Valle de San José (San Diego County, Calif.)
    144 SD
    Rancho Vega del Río del Pajaro (Calif.)
    245 SD
    Rancho Yajome (Calif.)
    39 ND
    Rancho Yerba Buena (Calif.)
    213 ND
    Rancho Yokaya (Calif.)
    217 ND
    Rancho Zanjones (Calif.)
    108 SD
    Rancho Zayante (Calif.)
    342 ND
    San Fernando Rey Mission (Calif.)
    343 SD
    San Francisco de Asís Mission (San Francisco, Calif.)
    131 ND, 165 ND, 389 ND, 425 ND, 166 ND, 173 ND, 219 ND, 338 ND, 381 ND
    San Gabriel (Calif.)
    134 SD
    San Gabriel Mission (Calif.)
    345 SD
    San Juan Bautista (Calif.), Tract of Land near
    330 SD
    San Luis Obispo (Calif.)
    72 SD
    Santa Barbara (Calif.)
    242 SD
    Santa Clara Mission
    425 ND
    Thompson's Rancho (Calif.)
    351 ND

    Additional Note


    See Crisostomo Perez's Land Grants in Alta California for an extended glossary of land grant names and terms (pages 243-248).
    party who wins a court case that is then appealed. Also called a respondent.
    party making claim to Land Board.
    Spanish or Mexican governor's concession of land to petitioner.
    sketch of land and land boundaries.
    testimony regarding validity of land claim.
    case presented before the Board of California Land Commissioners.
    records of the original petition for land from Spanish or Mexican goverment. Complete expedientes include a petition to the governor, an informe (local official's report), a concebo (governor's concession), the approval of Departmental Assembly, the governor's certificate, a título (title), and diseños. Most expedientes are incomplete. In addition to expedientes, the Spanish Archives (remnants of the 1906 earthquake and fire) contain unclassified expedientes (miscellaneous expedientes, many for rejected petitions or land not claimed in U.S. courts), filed expedientes (papers presented to the Land Board by claimant) and deposited expedientes (papers deposited in the Spanish Archives by claimants).
    Government Land Office index number (GLO)
    Patent number. In 1946 the General Land Office office duties were taken over by the Bureau of Land Management. Patent numbers can be traced in their respective County Recorder's Office. Land Entry Records can also be ordered from the National Archives (NATF form 84).
    party granted land, same as claimant in most cases.
    Juridical Possession
    act performed by petitioner, local magistrate, and neighbors delineating boundaries of a grant by walking the property line. The boundaries were marked using two cordeleros (men on horseback carrying poles attached by a cord), piles of stones, and other landmarks.
    party who received final patent on conclusion of case.
    party originally petitioning for lands (under Spanish or Mexican government).
    maps produced by official surveyors delineating land boundaries.
    Sitio or sitio del ganado mayor
    square league
    a lot of town land
    a lot of farm land
    measurement of land by official surveyors.
    copies in Spanish archives of title papers issued by governors to grantees.
    Tomas de razón
    Spanish and Mexican registers of land concessions.
    person testifying in Land Case on behalf of or against claimant