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Scholander (Per Fredrik) Papers
SMC 0116  
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BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS

Scope and Content of Series

Series 1) BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS: Per Fredrik Scholander's curriculum vitae, articles written about Scholander's life, 60th birthday celebration, and posthumous materials including obituaries, memorial service information, letters of condolence, and tributes. A scrapbook and guest book for Scholander's 60th birthday celebration can be found in the ALBUMS AND SCRAPBOOKS series. A reel-to-reel recording from Scholander's memorial service can be found in the IMAGES AND MEDIA series under audio recordings.
Box 1, Folder 1

Curriculum vitae and biographical statements undated

Box 1, Folder 2

Biographical articles and obituaries 1962 - 1991

Box 1, Folder 3

P.F. Scholander's 60th birthday - Invitation list, correspondence, "Scholander's Sagobok" keepsake 1965

Oversize SIO MC-116-01

P.F. Scholander's 60th birthday - Congratulatory message in Latin by Ralph Lewin 1965

Box 1, Folder 4

A Tribute to Per (Pete) Scholander - Poem by A. Baird Hastings undated

Box 1, Folder 5-6

Letters of condolence, re. P.F. Scholander's death 1980

Box 1, Folder 7-9

University of Alaska Foundation Irving-Scholander Memorial correspondence and financial statments 1981 - 1983

Box 1, Folder 10-11

Tissue Fluid Pressures - Paper dedicated to P.F. Scholander 1986

Box 2, Folder 1

Scholander Hall dedication plaque 1989

 

ADMINISTRATIVE FILES

Scope and Content of Series

Series 2) ADMINISTRATIVE FILES: Aarranged alphabetically, and consists of files of correspondence and miscellaneous documents on persons and subjects involved in Per Fredrik Scholander's professional life. Included are several folders on Scholander's UC San Diego faculty appointment.
Box 2, Folder 2

Alfven, Hannes 1976 - 1979

Box 2, Folder 3

Benson, Andrew 1977 and undated

Box 2, Folder 4

DNA 100,000 RPM 1976 - 1978

Box 2, Folder 5

Elsner, Robert 1967 - 1979

Box 2, Folder 6

Forest Science Institute 1980

Box 2, Folder 7

Franklin, Dean 1968 - 1970 and undated

Box 2, Folder 8

Frazer, Matthew, on "Karluk," Bandurski tape 1979

Box 2, Folder 9

Glosten, Larry 1978

Box 2, Folder 10

Hammond, Douglas D. 1969 - 1973 and undated

Box 2, Folder 11

Hammel, H.T. - Stephen Hales Prize 1980

Box 2, Folder 12

Hargen, Alan - student, V.A. Hospital 1968 - 1979 and undated

Box 2, Folder 13

Hemmingsen, Edvard A. 1961

Box 2, Folder 14

Irving, Laurence 1959 - 1979

Box 2, Folder 15

Jessee, William - medical student 1968 and undated

Box 2, Folder 16

Johansen 1978 and undated

Box 2, Folder 17-18

Kerem, Dan - student 1968 - 1971

Box 2, Folder 19

Krog, Hidur - Honorary Degree University of Alaska 1977 - 1979

Box 2, Folder 20

Perez, Maoel - Brazil 1970 - 1971

Box 2, Folder 21

Rahn, Herman 1964 - 1980

Box 2, Folder 22

Schmidt-Nielsen, Knut 1962 - 1982 and undated

Box 2, Folder 23

Scholander, F.W. 1978

 

Scholander, Per Fredrik

Box 2, Folder 24

UCSD appointment and space requirements 1957 - 1971

Box 2, Folder 25

Bio-bibliography supplement and reporting time 1959 - 1969

Box 3, Folder 1

Sabbatical leave, Guggenheim Memorial Foundation Fellowship 1968 - 1969

Box 3, Folder 2

Steen, Johan B. - Norway 1959 - 1979 and undated

Box 3, Folder 3

Suess, Hans Eduard undated

Box 3, Folder 4

Theorell, Hugo - 70th birthday 1973

Box 3, Folder 5

Vlasoff, Vince 1976 - 1979

Box 3, Folder 6

Wells, J. Morgan - student, NOAA 1968 - 1969

Box 3, Folder 7

Went, Frits - Reno, Nevada 1970 - 1980

General

Includes one photograph attached to correspondence.
Box 3, Folder 8-9

Miscellaneous correspondence 1956 - 1981 and undated

 

PHYSIOLOGICAL RESEARCH LABORATORY AND R/V ALPHA HELIX

Scope and Content of Series

Series 3) PHYSIOLOGICAL RESEARCH LABORATORY AND R/V ALPHA HELIX: Consists of grant proposals and correspondence concerning the creation, construction and development of a physiological laboratory and ship laboratory at Scripps Institution of Oceanography. When available, the folder titles of grant proposals include the associated grant or proposal number. The series also includes correspondence and reports of the National Advisory Board, as well as the construction, launching, and field reports of the R/V Alpha Helix. Photographs of the R/V Alpha Helix Navy ship inspection and the ring tank decoration for the Physiological Research Laboratory can be found in the IMAGES AND MEDIA series.
 

Laboratory Ship and Related Home Base Facilities

Box 3, Folder 10-14

Proposals and correspondence (UCSD 962, 963) 1959 - 1964 and undated

Box 3, Folder 15

Revised Budget to Proposal UCSD-1546 submitted to National Science Foundation 1965

Box 3, Folder 16-17

Physiological Research Tank and Laboratory including Brain Research Institute proposals 1960 - 1964

Box 4, Folder 1

Support for Physiological Research Ship, R/V Alpha Helix proposal (UCSD 3072) 1969

Box 4, Folder 2

Support for Research Program for Physiological Laboratory Ship, R/V Alpha Helix proposal (UCSD 3073) 1969

Box 4, Folder 3

Private funding requests correspondence 1965

Box 4, Folder 4-7

National Advisory Board for Physiological Research Laboratory and R/V Alpha Helix 1963 - 1969 and undated

Box 4, Folder 8-10

Progress reports and related correspondence 1970 - 1976

 

R/V Alpha Helix

Box 4, Folder 11

Navy YF 885 inspection 1960 and undated

General

Photographs of the inspection are located in the IMAGES AND MEDIA series.
Box 4, Folder 12-13

Construction 1964 - 1967 and undated

Box 4, Folder 14

Mermaid insignia undated

Box 4, Folder 15

Launching ceremony and correspondence 1965 and undated

Box 4, Folder 16

Summary and publicity 1966 - 1968 and undated

Box 5, Folder 1-3

Research Program Field Reports 1966 - 1980

General

Australian (Billabong) Expedition (1966); Amazon Expedition (1967; Prospectus 1975, 1976-1977); Galapagos Archipelago Expedition (1967); Galapagos Expedition (1967); Bering Sea Expedition (1968); New Guinea Expedition (1969); Guadalupe Island, Mexico (1970); Eastern Pacific (1970); Antarctic Expedition (1971); Eastern Pacific (1971); Eniwetok (1971); Hukilau (1971).
Includes two bulletins requesting proposals for research opportunities during R/V Alpha Helix expeditions (1977-1980).
Box 5, Folder 4

Abstracts and reprints 1970 - 1971

Box 5, Folder 5

Miscellaneous 1959 - 1967 and undated

General

Includes Committee on Oceanography report and ring tank decoration correspondence. Ring tank decoration photographs located in IMAGES AND MEDIA series.
 

RESEARCH PROPOSALS

Scope and Content of Series

Series 4) RESEARCH PROPOSALS: Arranged alphabetically, and consists of research proposals, award notifications, correspondence, and related documents for a number of research projects proposed by Per Fredrik Scholander and colleagues. Included are his research projects on prolonged deep diving and fish swimbladders. When available, the folder title includes the proposal's associated grant or proposal number.
Box 5, Folder 6

A Study of Mechanisms Involved in Desalination of Seawater by Mangroves and other Melophytes proposal (UCSD 1614) 1965 and undated

Box 5, Folder 7

Aqualung Training and Research Facility proposal 1959

 

Comparative Studies in Prolonged Deep Diving

Box 5, Folder 8-9

Office of Naval Research grant (Nonr-2216(09), NR 107-493) 1958 - 1965 and undated

Box 5, Folder 10-11

National Science Foundation grant (G7476) 1958 - 1965 and undated

Box 5, Folder 12

Griffis Foundation research funding donation 1966

 

Marine Physiology (GM10521)

Box 5, Folder 13-16

Original proposal and correspondence 1962 - 1969

Box 6, Folder 1-2

Renewal proposal and correspondence 1969 - 1973

Box 6, Folder 3

Invention patent, Dean Franklin 1967 - 1969

Box 6, Folder 4

Marine Physiology: The Osmotic Effect of Gases on Water (HL 13893) 1973 - 1976 and undated

Box 6, Folder 5

Negative Fluid Pressure in Matrices and Solutions and its Relation to Melting and Freezing (GB-29363) 1970 - 1975

Box 6, Folder 6

Research on the Culture and Identification of Planktonic Cirriped Larvae - proposal withdrawn (UCSD 1138) 1963

 

Secretion of Gases in the Swimbladder of Fishes (RG-5979)

Box 6, Folder 7-9

Proposals and correspondence 1959 - 1967 and undated

Box 6, Folder 10

Travel expense vouchers 1961 - 1962 and undated

Box 6, Folder 11

Young Investigators' Award of the American College of Cardiology - Robert Elsner 1964 - 1966

Box 6, Folder 12-13

Miscellaneous research proposals 1957 - 1977

General

Includes brochures, application packets, and correspondence.
 

EXPEDITIONS

Scope and Content of Series

Series 5) EXPEDITIONS: Arranged alphabetically, and consists of proposals, correspondence, travel expenses and reports for various research expeditions conducted by Per Fredrik Scholander and other colleagues from Scripps Institution of Oceanography and the Physiological Research Laboratory. Included are the Amazon, Billabong, and Naga Expeditions.
 

Amazon Expedition

Box 6, Folder 14

Correspondence 1966 - 1967

Box 6, Folder 15

Progress reports 1967

Box 6, Folder 16-17

Arctic Institute Greenland Expedition 1957 - 1958

Box 7, Folder 1

Australian Expedition, Aborigine cold acclimation research 1956 - 1958

Box 7, Folder 2

Billabong Expedition 1966 - 1967

 

Bimini Islands Expedition

Box 7, Folder 3

Initial Coconut Island proposal and correspondence ca. 1961

Box 7, Folder 4

Correspondence and plans ca. 1960 - 1962

Box 7, Folder 5

Travel expense vouchers and receipts 1961 - 1963

Box 7, Folder 6

R/V Dolphin Expeditions 1969

Box 7, Folder 7-8

Guadalupe Island and La Paz expedition, R/V Spencer Baird 1962 - 1964

 

Labrador Expedition

Box 7, Folder 9

Correspondence and field report 1958 - 1961

Box 7, Folder 10

Funds correspondence and receipts 1959

 

Naga Expedition

Box 7, Folder 11-13

Proposal, correspondence, and travel plans 1959 - 1963

Box 7, Folder 14

Shipments and costs 1960 - 1961

Box 8, Folder 1

Work order requisitions 1962 - 1963

Box 8, Folder 2-3

Travel expense vouchers and receipts 1960 - 1961

Box 8, Folder 4

Final report and supporting documents 1959 - 1963

Box 8, Folder 5

E.G. Dimond's pearl diver electrocardiograms 1960 - 1961

Box 8, Folder 6-8

New Guinea Expedition 1968 - 1969

 

Tierra del Fuego, Chile Expedition

Box 8, Folder 9

Correspondence and reports 1956 - 1959

Box 8, Folder 10

Receipts ca. 1959

 

Tuamotu Archipelago Expedition

Box 8, Folder 11

Proposal and notes 1964 - 1965

Box 8, Folder 12-13

Correspondence 1964 - 1965

Box 8, Folder 14

Umiat Alaska Research Expedition 1964 - 1966

Box 8, Folder 15

Miscellaneous expedition travel information 1963 - 1967

General

Includes memorandums and travel forms.
 

MARINE LABORATORY STATIONS

Scope and Content of Series

Seris 6) MARINE LABORATORY STATIONS: Arranged alphabetically and includes brochures and correspondence.
Box 8, Folder 16

Alice Springs Station 1966

Box 8, Folder 17

American Samoa Station 1965

Box 8, Folder 18

Bermuda Biological Station for Research 1957 - 1962 and undated

Box 8, Folder 19

Vermillion Sea Field Station 1964 and undated

Box 8, Folder 20

Miscellaneous marine laboratory station pamphlets 1960 - 1963

Box 9, Folder 1

Miscellaneous marine laboratory station pamphlets 1964 - 1968 and undated

 

LECTURES AND SPEECHES

Scope and Content of Series

Series 7) LECTURES AND SPEECHES: Arranged alphabetically and consists of typescripts, notes, and correspondence for lectures and speeches written and presented by Per Fredrik Scholander.
Box 9, Folder 2

Cold adaptation lectures 1951 and undated

Box 9, Folder 3

Cold Symposium Evening Session Discussion, Buenos Aires 1959 - 1960

Box 9, Folder 4

"Dedication to the Laurence Irving Building for Bioscience, University of Alaska, Fairbanks" undated

Box 9, Folder 5

Diving physiology lectures 1955 and undated

Box 9, Folder 6

Freezing of cold-blooded animals and plants lectures undated

Box 9, Folder 7

"Further Observations on Supercooling and Osmoregulation in Arctic Fishes" - seminar abstract undated

Box 9, Folder 8

Harvey Lecture - "Physiological Adaptation to Diving in Animals and Man" 1962

Box 9, Folder 9

International Congress of Physiological Sciences (XXI) 1958 - 1959

Box 9, Folder 10-11

International Symposium on Emergency Resuscitation (2nd) 1966 - 1967

Box 9, Folder 12

MBL Lecture - "Secretion of Inert Gases and Oxygen in the Swimbladder of Fishes" 1955

Box 9, Folder 13

National Institutes of Health Lecture - "Tensile Water" 1972 - 1973

Box 9, Folder 14

"Solvent Tension, Its Fundamental Role in Capillarity, Osmosis and Colligative Properties" - inc. slides undated

Box 9, Folder 15

Tree sap lectures and notes undated

Box 9, Folder 16

University of Amsterdam lectures 1977 - 1978 and undated

Box 9, Folder 17

"Water States and Water Gates in Osmotic Processes" speech undated

 

WRITINGS

Scope and Content of Series

Series 8) WRITINGS. Arranged in two subseries: A) Professional Writing and B) Personal Writing.
A) The Professional Writing subseries contains abstracts and both single and bound reprints. Many of the bound reprints include typescript abstracts, content lists and handwritten notes. A copy of Osmosis and Tensile Solvent (1976), written by Scholander and H.T. Hammel is also included. The book, in paperback, is heavily annotated with handwritten notes and pasted-in edits. Also included is correspondence regarding article submission and in response to published articles and research.
B) The Personal Writing subseries includes several typescripts of autobiographical texts, written by Scholander. These appear to have used to complete Enjoying a Life in Science: The Autobiography of P.F. Scholander (1990). Copies of images used in this book can be found in the IMAGES AND MEDIA series.
 

Professional Writing

 

Bound reprints

Box 10, Folder 1

Botany 1932 - 1937

Box 9, Folder 18

Lichens 1933 - 1934

Box 10, Folder 2

Methods 1937 - 1952

Box 9, Folder 19

Experimental Investigations on the Respiratory Function in Diving Mammals and Birds 1940

Box 10, Folder 3

Physiology of Diving 1940 - 1964

Box 11, Folder 1

Reports 1941 - 1956

Box 11, Folder 2

Adaptation to Cold 1942 - 1962

Box 11, Folder 3

Physiology I 1937 - 1943

Box 11, Folder 4

Physiology II 1947 - 1954

Box 12, Folder 1

Physiology III 1955 - 1962

Box 12, Folder 2

Physiology IV 1963 - 1973

Box 12, Folder 3

Osmosis and Tensile Solvent - Book with handwritten and pasted in edits 1976

Box 12, Folder 4

Article submission correspondence 1958 - 1977 and undated

Box 12, Folder 5

Publication reprint and permission requests 1960 - 1982

 

Publication and research responses

Box 12, Folder 6

Barrow Lab RQ data 1948 - 1953

Box 12, Folder 7

Osmosis and solvent tension 1975

Box 12, Folder 8

Scholander gas analyzer 1969 - 1982

Box 12, Folder 9

Tree sap 1960 - 1975

Box 12, Folder 10

Wave-riding dolphins 1958 - 1959 and undated

Box 12, Folder 11

Publication lists undated

Box 12, Folder 12

Miscellaneous reprints and abstracts - inc. P.F. and Susan Scholander 1951 - 1980 and undated

 

Personal Writing

Box 13, Folder 1-4

Enjoying a Life in Science: The Autobiography of P.F. Scholander - Typescript draft 1990

Box 13, Folder 5-7

Science: The Source of Endless Joy - Typescript draft undated

Box 13, Folder 8

Stories in Science - Typescript draft undated

 

COMMITTEE SERVICE

Scope and Content of Series

Series 9) COMMITTEE SERVICE: Correspondence and reports for internal UC San Diego and external committees Per Fredrik Scholander served on during his professional career.
 

Desert Research Institute, University of Nevada

Box 13, Folder 9

Correspondence 1964 - 1969

Box 13, Folder 10-11

Reports 1964 - 1965

Box 13, Folder 12

General information and bulletins 1965 - 1968

Box 14, Folder 1

EASTOPAC 1964

Box 14, Folder 2-4

Institute for Arctic Biology Feasibility Committee reports 1960 - 1962

Box 14, Folder 5

Institute for Comparative Biology of the Zoological Society of San Diego 1959 - 1974

Box 14, Folder 6

Mission Bay Marine Research Foundation Advisory Council and Sea World development 1962 - 1964

Box 14, Folder 7

National Academy of Sciences Space Science Board 1964

Box 14, Folder 8

Tropical Marine Biology Study Committee 1966

Box 14, Folder 9

White Mountain Research Station Advisory Committee 1964 - 1966

Box 14, Folder 10

Miscellaneous committee service correspondence 1958 - 1968

 

HONORS AND MEMBERSHIPS

Scope and Content of Series

Series 10) HONORS AND MEMBERSHIPS: Arranged alphabetically and consists of awards, certificates, honorary degrees, membership brochures, and correspondence of academies, clubs and national societies.
Box 14, Folder 11

Cosmos Club 1959 - 1971 and undated

Box 14, Folder 12

Nansen Award 1979

Box 14, Folder 13

National Academy of Sciences membership 1960 - 1971 and undated

 

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences

Box 14, Folder 14

Scholander election into Academy 1974 - 1976

Box 14, Folder 15

Membership record booklets 1977 - 1979

Box 14, Folder 16

List of Nobel Prize winners 1976 - 1978

Box 14, Folder 17

University of Alaska Honorary Degree papers 1972 - 1974

Box 17, Folder 1

University of Alaska Honorary Degree (oversize) 1973

Box 14, Folder 18

Uppsala University 5th Centenary Honorary Degree 1973 - 1978

Box 15, Folder 1

Miscellaneous honors and memberships 1942 - 1974

General

Includes certificates and correspondence.
 

IMAGES AND MEDIA

Scope and Content of Series

Series 11) IMAGES AND MEDIA: Arranged by material type and includes photographs, slides, lecture audio recordings on cassette and reel-to-reel, and film. Photographs and slides include images of Scholander, his travel and his research. The slides are of particular interest, detailing various locations, labs and fellow researchers. The series also includes two copies of a film labeled "Frobisher, Hebron. Supercooled fish."
The original recordings, both film and audio, are restricted. Researchers must request user copies be produced.
 

Photographs

Box 15, Folder 2

Per Fredrik Scholander undated

Oversize SIO MC-116-01

Per Fredrik Scholander - Oversize

Box 15, Folder 3

Navy YF 885 inspection (R/V Alpha Helix) 1959 and undated

Box 15, Folder 4

Ring tank decoration for Physiological Research Laboratory undated

Box 15, Folder 5

Images used in Enjoying a Life in Science undated

Box 15, Folder 6

Images omitted from Enjoying a Life in Science undated

 

Slides

Box 15, Folder 7

Norway - Whaling station. Early respiratory studies 1930s

Box 15, Folder 8

Blue Dolphin, Labrador. Supercooled fish, gases in glacier ice 1954

Box 25

Blue Dolphin, Labrador. Supercooled fish, gases in glacier ice. 26 glass mounted slides 1954

Box 15, Folder 9

Scripps Institution of Oceanography ca. 1959

Box 15, Folder 10

California, landscapes and plants undated

Box 15, Folder 11

Lerner Marien Lab, Bimini undated

Box 15, Folder 12

Temperature acclimation studies in animals and plants, Panama undated

Box 25

Temperature acclimation studies in animals and plants, Panama. 3 glass mounted slides undated

Box 15, Folder 13

United States (various locations), Cuba and Norway undated

Box 15, Folder 14

Woods Hole - Swimbladder fishing, sap rising in grapevines undated

 

Sound recordings

Box 15, Folder 15

"Radio lecture" - Reel-to-reel 1960

Restrictions

Restrictions Apply
Box 15, Folder 16

NIH lecture - Reel-to-reel 1972 October 25

Restrictions

Restrictions Apply
Box 15, Folder 17

Cold Acclimation - Reel-to-reel undated

Restrictions

Restrictions Apply
Box 15, Folder 18

Cassettes 1971 and undated

Restrictions

Original restricted (digital version available).

General note

One unidentified lecture. Second recording is Scholander describing mission, facilities, and five-year history of R/V Alpha Helix and the 1971 Antarctic Expedition (digitized version available upon request).
Box 16, Folder 1

Scholander's memorial service - Reel-to-reel 1980 June 3

General note

7" reel-to-reel audiorecording. Service held at Sumner Auditorium on 30 June 1980. Speakers include William A. Nierenberg, Fred N. White, Theodore Bullock and Knut Schmidt-Nielsen (digitized version available upon request).

Restrictions

Original restricted (digital version available).
Oversize FS-34

Film - Supercooled fish (Hebron Frobisher) Projection copy 1959

Restrictions

Restrictions Apply
 

ALBUMS AND SCRAPBOOKS

Scope and Content of Series

Series 12) ALBUMS AND SCRAPBOOKS: Bound and disbound albums and scrapbooks documenting Scholander's life and career. The series is arranged chronologically, when dates are known. Albums contain photographs only, while scrapbooks contain photographs, clippings, letters and other memorabilia. Many, if not all, were put together by Scholander's wife.
Box 21

"Woods Hole" scrapbook - Contains photographs from various expeditions, including the Spitsbergen Expedition, clippings and ephemera 1931 - 1963

Box 16, Folder 2

Scrapbook documenting Scholander's role in the rescue of airmen near Cold Bay 1945

Box 19, Folder 2

Album of photographs from Australian expedition and Greenland expedition ca. 1957 - 1958

Box 16, Folder 3

Launching of the Alpha Helix - Commemorative album given to Susan Scholander 1965 June 29

Box 22, Folder 1

P.F. Scholander's 60th birthday 1965

Box 16, Folder 4

Guest book from Scholander's 60th birthday party 1965

Box 16, Folder 5

Loose photos removed from album labeled "Salmon Research, Stuie, British Columbia" 1968 September

Box 23, Folder 1-4

Disbound scrapbook of Scholander's life ca. 1965 - 1973

Box 24, Folder 1-5

Disbound scrapbook of Scholander's life ca. 1974 - 1985

Box 22, Folder 2

P.F. Scholander's 70th birthday 1975

Box 17, Folder 2-4

"Oslo" scrapbook, disbound undated

Box 18, Folder 1-5

Disbound scrapbook of Scholander's life undated

Box 19, Folder 1

Album of photographs from various exhibitions, including Puerto Eden undated

Box 20, Folder 1

Alpha Helix scrapbook undated

Box 20, Folder 2

Loose photographs and contact sheets, removed from Alpha Helix scrapbook undated