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Scholander (Per Fredrik) Papers
SMC 0116  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Restrictions
  • Biography
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Acquisition Information
  • Preferred Citation
  • OFF-SITE STORAGE
  • Digital Content
  • Related Materials

  • Descriptive Summary

    Languages: English
    Contributing Institution: Special Collections & Archives, UC San Diego
    9500 Gilman Drive
    La Jolla 92093-0175
    Title: Per Fredrik Scholander Papers
    Identifier/Call Number: SMC 0116
    Physical Description: 14.8 Linear feet (16 archives boxes, 1 card file box of glass slides, 8 flat boxes, 1 map case folder, and 2 films)
    Date (inclusive): circa 1930-1991
    Abstract: The collection consists of papers documenting the life and professional career of physiologist Per Fredrik Scholander. Papers include biographical materials, admistrative files, research and expedition activities, lectures and writings, committee service and honors, as well as images, media and scrapbooks.

    Restrictions

    Media in the collection is restricted; patrons must request user copies be produced.

    Biography

    Per Fredrik Scholander was born in Orebro, Sweden on November 29, 1905. He moved to Norway in 1924 where he attended the University of Oslo, obtaining his M.D. in 1932. Although he was studying medicine at the time, his attention was drawn to lichens and he was guided by professor of botany Bernt Lynge. Through Lynge, Scholander was able to spend three summers, in the years 1930-1932, conducting research in Greenland and Spitzbergen. Scholander went on to obtain his Ph.D. in Botany in 1934, also from the University of Oslo.
    He travelled to the United States as a Rockefeller Fellow in 1939. There he continued his studies of diving physiology at Swarthmore College, collaborating with Laurence Irving. Irving joined the U.S. Army Air Forces during World War II and Scholander followed. The two men continued making scientific contributions during their service, testing military equipment and survival gear and studying survival situations in the field. With support from the Navy, Irving and Scholander established a research laboratory in Point Barrow, Alaska.
    After leaving the Arctic Research Laboratory at Barrow, Scholander went to work at Harvard University from 1949-1951. After spending time at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and the University of Oslo, Scholander was brought to the Scripps Institution of Oceanography. While at Scripps, Scholander worked to create the Physiological Research Laboratory, becoming its first Director, and a laboratory ship, which resulted in the development, design and building of the R/V Alpha Helix. Scholander also collaborated with H.T. Hammel, together writing Osmosis and Tensile Solvent which was published in 1976.
    Scholander spent the rest of his career at Scripps. He died in La Jolla on June 13, 1980. His autobiography, Enjoying a Life in Science: The Autobiography of P.F. Scholander, was published in 1990.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    The collection consists of papers documenting the life and professional career of physiologist Per Fredrik Scholander. Biographical materials include curriculum vitae, biographical articles, and posthumous correspondence and tributes. Scholander's career is highlighted by administrative files, research proposals, expeditions, and professional writings, including a collection of bound reprints covering specific areas of his research activities. Of interest are grant proposals and correspondence documenting the creation and development of both the Physiological Research Laboratory and the R/V Alpha Helix at Scripps Institution of Oceanography. There are materials on Scholander's committee service, memberships and honors in local and national societies, as well as personal writings, including an autobiography. Also included are audio recordings of some of Scholander's lectures and his memorial service, as well as a film labeled "Frobisher, Hebron. Supercooled fish." Photographs, slides, albums, and scrapbooks record Scholander's personal and professional life, including birthdays, research activities, and expeditions. Some materials were gathered by Scholander's wife, including posthumous papers and some scrapbooks.
    The papers are arranged in twelve series: 1) BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS, 2) ADMINISTRATIVE FILES, 3) PHYSIOLOGICAL RESEARCH LABORATORY AND R/V ALPHA HELIX, 4) RESEARCH PROPOSALS, 5) EXPEDITIONS, 6) MARINE LABORATORY STATIONS, 7) LECTURES AND SPEECHES, 8) WRITINGS, 9) COMMITTEE SERVICE, 10) HONORS AND MEMBERSHIPS, 11) IMAGES AND MEDIA, and 12) ALBUMS AND SCRAPBOOKS.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired 1981-2012

    Preferred Citation

    Per Fredrik Scholander Papers, SMC 116. Special Collections & Archives, UC San Diego.

    OFF-SITE STORAGE

    COLLECTION STORED OFF-SITE. ALLOW ONE WEEK FOR RETRIEVAL OF MATERIALS.

    Digital Content

    Two sound recordings in the IMAGES AND MEDIA series have been digitized and are available upon request.

    Related Materials

    SIO Biographical Files, SAC 5. Special Collections & Archives, UC San Diego.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Scripps Institution of Oceanography. Physiological Research Laboratory
    Alpha Helix (Research vessel)
    Scholander, P. F. (Per Fredrik), 1905-1980 -- Archives