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Charles Atwood Kofoid Papers
SMC 0024  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Preferred Citation note
  • Related Materials
  • Immediate Source of Acquisition note
  • Digital Content
  • OFF-SITE STORAGE
  • Biography
  • Scope and Content of Collection

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Charles Atwood Kofoid Papers
    Identifier/Call Number: SMC 0024
    Contributing Institution: Special Collections & Archives, UC San Diego
    9500 Gilman Drive
    La Jolla, California, 92093-0175
    Languages: English
    Physical Description: 46.7 Linear feet (103 archives boxes, 1 card file box, 5 flat boxes)
    Date (inclusive): 1832 - 1949
    Abstract: Papers documenting the life and career of University of California, Berkeley zoologist Charles Atwood Kofoid and his wife, Carrie Kofoid. The collection includes material on the Kofoids' families and education, in addition to correspondence, diaries, manuscripts, published writings, scientific research and travel.
    Creator: Kofoid, Carrie Prudence, 1866-1942
    Creator: Kofoid, Charles A. (Charles Atwood), 1865-1947

    Preferred Citation note

    Charles Atwood Kofoid Papers, SMC 24. Special Collections & Archives, UC San Diego.

    Related Materials

    A portion of the collection was microfilmed in 1993 and 1994. The collection was subsequently reprocessed, and the targets on the microfilm are no longer accurate. The Roger catalog record for the microfilm is: http://roger.ucsd.edu/record=b3384131~S9.
    Additional Kofoid papers are held by the Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.
    SIO Biographical Files, SAC 5. Special Collections & Archives, UC San Diego.

    Immediate Source of Acquisition note

    Acquired 1982-2010.

    Digital Content

    Selected materials from the collection have been digitized and can be viewed by clicking the link below.

    OFF-SITE STORAGE

    SIO ARCHIVES COLLECTION STORED OFF-SITE: ALLOW ONE WEEK FOR RETRIEVAL OF MATERIALS

    Biography

    Charles Atwood Kofoid (1865-1947) was a noted zoologist at University of California, Berkeley and an early advocate for the development of a marine station in La Jolla that would later become the Scripps Institution of Oceanography.
    Charles was born to Nelson Kofoid and Janette Blake in Granville, Illinois. He had three younger half-siblings, Herbert Clayton Kofoid, Nellie Kofoid Dillon, and Reuben Nelson Kofoid. He met his wife, Carrie Prudence Winter (1866-1942), while studying at Oberlin College; both graduated in 1890. Kofoid continued his education at Harvard, receiving an A.M. degree in 1892 and PhD in 1894, with research focused on plankton and protozoa. After college, Carrie taught at the Kawaiaho Seminary in Honolulu, Hawaii. From Hawaii, she composed letters reporting on social life and local politics, including the overthrow of the monarchy. Many of her essays and accounts were published in the Hartford Courant. Charles and Carrie married on June 30, 1894 and had no children.
    Kofoid was superintendent of the Illinois River Biological Station from 1897 to 1903. In 1904 and 1905, he explored the eastern tropical Pacific with Alexander Agassiz on the Albatross Expedition, serving as planktonologist. A life-long traveler and collector, Kofoid visited numerous freshwater and marine biological stations in Europe in 1908-1909, photographing and recording information on the stations which he published in The Biological Stations of Europe. He later travelled extensively in India and Japan. Kofoid was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1922.
    Alongside William Ritter, Kofoid advocated for the establishment of a marine station in La Jolla, the Marine Biological Association of San Diego (later known as the Scripps Institution of Oceanography). Kofoid was the assistant director at Scripps from 1903-1923. In 1910, Kofoid succeeded William Ritter as chair of the Department of Zoology at UC Berkeley and remained in that position until 1936. Charles Kofoid died in Berkeley in 1942.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    Papers documenting the life and career of University of California, Berkeley zoologist Charles Atwood Kofoid and his wife, Carrie Kofoid. The collection includes material on the Kofoids' families and education, in addition to correspondence, diaries, manuscripts, published writings, and research papers. The bulk of the collection consists of personal and professional correspondence covering diverse topics, including letters to and from family members, letters documenting Charles Kofoid's early involvement in the Marine Biological Association of San Diego and its transfer to the University of California, and Carrie Kofoid's observations about life in Hawaii dating from 1890-1893. The papers also include notes, letters and memorabilia from Oberlin College; clippings; writings and photographs from the Kofoids' extensive travels; and records of the Kofoid Library.
    Arranged in eleven series: 1) BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS, 2) CORRESPONDENCE, 3) DIARIES, 4) ADDRESS BOOKS AND CALENDARS, 5) WRITINGS, 6) TRAVEL, 7) KOFOID LIBRARY, 8) FINANCIAL RECORDS, 9) PHOTOGRAPHS, 10) DRAWINGS AND ARTWORK, 11) OBJECTS.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Albatross Expedition (1904-1905).
    Kofoid, Carrie Prudence, 1866-1942 -- Correspondence
    Kofoid, Charles A. (Charles Atwood), 1865-1947 -- Archives
    Marine Biological Association of San Diego (Calif.).
    Scripps Institution of Oceanography.
    Biological laboratories -- Europe
    Marine biology -- History
    Oceanography -- History