Papers of poet, artist and translator Norma Cole. Cole lived and worked in the San Francisco Bay Area and collaborated with
American, French and Canadian poets. The collection includes correspondence, manuscripts, notebooks, translations, photographs,
negatives, sound and video recordings, digital media, artwork and ephemera.
Poet, translator, visual artist and curator Norma Cole was born in Toronto, Canada on May 12, 1945. Although Anglophone by
birth, she began to learn and speak French during her middle-school years. She studied at the University of Toronto, receiving
a B.A. in Modern Languages and Literature (French and Italian) in 1967 and an M.A. in French Language and Literature in 1969.
After finishing university, she spent several years living in a small French village in the foothills of the Alpes-Maritimes
near Nice. While there, she began to form relationships with French writers and furthered an extensive knowledge of French
films that continued throughout her career. She also began to draw and sculpt, leading to a lifelong involvement with the
visual arts, and gave birth to a son.
36 Linear feet
(84 archives boxes, 4 card file boxes, 1 flat box, and 1 map case folder)
Publication rights are held by the creator of the collection.
Media is restricted. Researchers may request user copies be produced. Photographic negatives in the negative archive are restricted.
Researchers may request permission to view negatives from the director of Special Collections & Archives.