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Daniel N. Speer papers
mssDNS 1-110  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Administration Information
  • Biographical Note
  • Arrangement
  • Scope and Content
  • Indexing Terms

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Daniel N. Speer papers
    Dates: 1851-1899
    Collection Number: mssDNS 1-110
    Creator OR Collector: Speer, Daniel N. (Daniel Norwood), 1836-1893
    Extent: 114 items including ephemera
    Repository: The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens Manuscripts Department
    The Huntington Library
    1151 Oxford Road
    San Marino, California 91108
    Phone: (626) 405-2203
    Fax: (626) 449-5720
    Email: reference@huntington.org
    URL: http://www.huntington.org
    Abstract: Personal and military correspondence of Daniel N. Speer.
    Language of Material: The records are in English.

    Administration Information

    Access

    Collection is open to qualified researchers by prior application through the Reader Services Department. For more information, please go to following web site  .

    Publication Rights

    The Huntington Library does not require that researchers request permission to quote from or publish images of this material, nor does it charge fees for such activities. The responsibility for identifying the copyright holder, if there is one, and obtaining necessary permissions rests with the researcher.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Daniel N. Speer papers, The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.

    Acquisition Information

    Purchased from Cowan's Auctions, November 2014.

    Biographical Note

    Daniel Norwood Speer (1836-1893) was born into a prominent Georgia planter family; his parents William Alexander Speer (1810-1862) and Martha Jane Norwood Speer (1816-1888) had moved to Troup County, Ga. from Abbeville, S.C. Speer graduated from Oglethorpe College in 1858, and opened a law practice with his brother John Andrew Speer (1833-1879) in LaGrange, Ga. On July 5, 1860 he married Aurelia Roberta Moreland (1842-1905), daughter of Dr. John Fletcher Moreland (1817-1878) and Sarah Ann Amoss (182201877). In September 1861, Speer enlisted in the Confederate army as Captain of the 4th Battalion of Georgia Infantry (Fannin's Greys), a regiment of the state guards organized by William H. Stiles. The unit was employed on building defenses on Skidaway Island. In March, 1862, the Confederate forces evacuated the island, and the battalion became Co. B. of the 60th Regiment of Georgia Infantry; Speer was commissioned Captain of Co. S. On Jan. 10, 1863, he was promoted to Acting Quartermaster of Lawton's Brigade, and in April received the rank of a major. In the fall of 1863, Speer was assigned to the staff at the headquarters of the Trans-Mississippi Department. He was paroled on June 4, 1865, at Alexandria, La. After the war, Speer returned to his law practice in LaGrange. From 1880 to 1884, he served as the State Treasurer; he was one of the original financiers of the Exposition Cotton Mills Company.

    Arrangement

    The collection is arranged chronologically. It is housed in two boxes.

    Scope and Content

    The largest portion of the collection consists of personal and military correspondence that Daniel N. Speer kept during his Civil War service. Also included are pieces of correspondence of John F. Moreland, his father-in-law, and documents dealing with family slaves.
    Speer's letters to his wife discuss the life in the Confederate Army, including the organization of the 4th Regiment of Georgia Infantry Battalion; the defenses of Skidaway Island and its evacuation; the organization of the 60th Regiment of Georgia Infantry; the Maryland campaign of 1862, including the battle of Antietam, the campaign in Virginia in the summer of 1863. The letters from Speer's wife and in-laws describe their life in LaGrange, Ga. Also included are a few letters by his brother John A. Speer. Speer's military correspondence includes letters, orders, and communications, both incoming and outgoing, that cover the period from July 7, 1861 to March 1865 and deal mostly with logistics and transportation.

    Indexing Terms

    Personal Names

    Moreland, John F. (John Fletcher), 1817-1878
    Speer, Aurelia Roberta Moreland, 1842-1905
    Speer, Daniel N. (Daniel Norwood), 1836-1893
    Speer, John A. (John Andrew), 1833-1879

    Corporate Names

    Confederate States of America. Army -- Georgia Infantry Regiment, 60th (1861-1865)
    Confederate States of America. Army -- Officers -- Correspondence
    Confederate States of America. Army. Trans-Mississippi Department

    Subjects

    Antietam, Battle of, Md., 1862 -- Personal narratives, Confederate
    Maryland Campaign, 1862 -- Personal narratives, Confederate
    Slaves -- Georgia
    Women -- Georgia -- Correspondence

    Geographic Areas

    Confederate States of America -- History -- Sources
    Georgia -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Sources
    Louisiana -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Sources
    Maryland -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Sources
    United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Personal narratives, Confederate
    Virginia -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Sources

    Genre

    Family papers -- Georgia -- 19th century
    Letters (correspondence) -- Confederate States of America
    Letters (correspondence) -- United States -- Civil War, 1861-1865