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Finding aid for the Stephen Longstreet papers 0175
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Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Related Archival Materials
  • Acquisition
  • Preferred Citation
  • Conditions Governing Access
  • Scope and Content
  • Conditions Governing Use
  • Biographical note

  • Title: Stephen Longstreet papers
    Collection number: 0175
    Contributing Institution: USC Libraries Special Collections
    Language of Material: English
    Physical Description: 121.08 Linear feet 117 boxes
    Date (bulk): Bulk, 1970-1990
    Date (inclusive): 1922-1995
    Abstract: Typescripts, manuscripts, galleys, artwork, letters, financial records, and personal material created and collected by writer and artist Stephen Longstreet (1907-2002) over the course of his long career.
    creator: Bruccoli, Matthew J., (Matthew Joseph), 1931-2008
    creator: Longstreet, Ethel
    creator: Longstreet, Stephen, 1907-2002
    creator: Melchior, Lauritz
    creator: Schildkraut, Joseph, 1895-1964

    Related Archival Materials

    Stephen Longstreet Papers (Collection 380). Department of Special Collections, Charles E. Young Research Library, University of California, Los Angeles
    Stephen Longstreet Collection, Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library
    Stephen Longstreet paintings and drawings, Hoover Institution Archives


    Gift of Ben and Lou Weinstein, Heritage Book Shop, 2007.

    Preferred Citation

    [Box/folder# or item name], Stephen Longstreet papers, Collection no. 0175, Special Collections, USC Libraries, University of Southern California

    Conditions Governing Access

    COLLECTION STORED OFF-SITE. Advance notice required for access.

    Scope and Content

    The Stephen Longstreet papers consists of typescripts, manuscripts, galleys, correspondence, artwork, scrapbooks, financial records, ephemera, and clippings, 1922-1995, created and collected by Stephen Longstreet. The collection documents Longstreet's long and prolific career as a writer of fiction, non-fiction, plays, screenplays, and poetry, and as an artist. Typescripts and manuscripts of most of Longstreet's written work can be found in the papers, as can either originals or reproductions of a large percentage of Longstreet's artwork. Also included is some material created and collected by Longstreet's wife, Ethel.

    Conditions Governing Use

    All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Manuscripts Librarian. Permission for publication is given on behalf of Special Collections as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.

    Biographical note

    Stephen Longstreet (1907-2002) was a prolific author and artist. Born Chauncey Weiner in New York in 1907, his family moved to New Brunswick, New Jersey when he was a child. As a schoolboy, Longstreet changed his name from Chauncey to Henry, and then again to Henri when he began his professional career as an artist in the early 1930s. The family name was originally Wiener-Longstrasse, and Longstreet's first submitted manuscript (to Random House in 1940) was as Stephen Wiener-Longstrasse. It was Bennett Cerf at Random House who suggested Longstreet drop the Wiener and anglicize the Longstrasse. Longstreet also adopted and used the pen names Paul Haggard (circa 1938), Thomas Burton, David Ormsbee, Monte Redmond, W.W. Windstaff, and Lucas Webb.
    As Henri Wiener, Longstreet studied in Paris and at Rutgers and Harvard Universities; he graduated from the New York School of Fine and Applied Art (Parsons) in 1929. On his return to the United States from Paris, his artistic style was considered "too modern" to sell (he identified as a surrealist), and he thus pursued a career as a commercial and magazine artist and cartoonist. His work was published in the New Yorker, Life, Colliers, and the Saturday Evening Post. Longstreet continued to produce art after turning to writing; in addition to creating illustrations for a number of his own books, in particular his publications on jazz, Longstreet was also a prolific producer of collages and drawings.
    In 1933 Longstreet began writing radio shows for John Barrymore, Bob Hope, and Rudy Vallee, thus launching his career as a writer. He published over a hundred books, including the novels Decade 1929-1939 (1940), The Pedlocks (1951), and The Flesh Peddlers (1962).
    In addition to novels, Longstreet also wrote a number of scripts and plays. He was under contract at Warner Bros. in the 1940s and penned "The Jolson Story" and "Stallion Road", based on his novel of the same name and starring Ronald Reagan. He also wrote a screen adaptation of his novel The Gay Sisters (1941) and the book for the musical "High Button Shoes", adapted from his semi-autobiographical novel, The Sisters Liked Them Handsome.
    Longstreet also wrote a number of non fiction books, many of them on one of his favorite topics, jazz. He was introduced to jazz by Paul Robeson, whom he met in 1918 while Robeson was an undergraduate at Rutgers University.
    Longstreet died in 2002.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Bruccoli, Matthew J., (Matthew Joseph), 1931-2008 -- Correspondence
    Longstreet, Ethel -- Archives
    Longstreet, Stephen, 1907-2002 -- Archives
    Melchior, Lauritz -- Correspondence
    Schildkraut, Joseph, 1895-1964 -- Correspondence
    Actors--Pictorial works
    Artists--California--Los Angeles--20th century--Archival resources
    Authors, American--California--20th century--Archival resources
    Autobiography--Jewish authors--20th century--Archival resources
    Collages (visual works)
    Galley proofs
    Jazz musicians--United States--Archival resources
    Jazz musicians--United States--Pictorial works
    Jazz--Pictorial works
    Jazz--United States--Archival resources
    Nude in art--Pictorial works
    Screenwriters--California--Los Angeles--Archival resources
    Watercolors (paintings)
    World War, 1939-1945--Pictorial works