Scope and Content of Collection
Title: Views of Asia Minor
Date (inclusive): 1860-1890
64 photographic prints
The Getty Research Institute
1200 Getty Center Drive, Suite 1100
Los Angeles 90049-1688
This collection of photographs depicts
ancient, medieval, and natural sites in Asia Minor. Contributors include Rubellin and
Language: Collection material is in French
The photographs in this collection were taken in Asia Minor by various photographers, known
and unknown. Sixteen photographs are by the photographer Rubellin.
The Rubellin family (father and son(s)) operated a photography studio in Smyrna from the
1870s through the 1910s. In its earlier years the studio, known variously as Rubellin,
Rubellin et fils, and Rubellin père et fils, added the descriptive term "photographie
parisienne" to its imprint. Shortly after 1900 tghe firm became known as Rubellin fils. The
firm specialized in views of ancient ruins as well as studio portraiture.
Six images are the work of Alexander Svoboda. The remaining 42 images are unattributed.
Open for use by qualified researchers.
Views of Asia Minor, 1860-1890, Getty Research Institute, Research Library, Accession no.
Acquired in 2002.
Processed and cataloged by Jamie Allen under the supervision of Beth Ann Guynn. The finding
aid was encoded by Holly Larson with grant funding from the Council on Library and
Information Resources (CLIR). Guynn updated the finding aid in 2021.
Scope and Content of Collection
The collection of 64 albumen photographs taken between 1860 and 1890 depicts ancient,
medieval, and natural sites in Asia Minor (encompassing modern-day Turkey and Greece).
Ephesus (14 photographs), Sardis (6), Smyrna (12), Rhodes (12), and Lindos (7) are among the
Ancient and medieval locations include the Temple of Diana and the theater at Ephesus; an
aqueduct in Saint Anne's Valley, Smyrna; Saint Nicolas Fortress, three medieval windmills,
and the Knights' Castle on Rhodes; the Temple of Venus in Aphrodisias; the ampitheater and
Roman basilica in the ancient city of Pergamon; and the statue of Sesotris. Several
photographs represent early Christian sites such as the Gate of the Persecution, Saint
Paul's Prison, the Tomb of Saint Luke, the Greek church of Saint George in Smyrna, the
Church of Polycarp, and the Church of Saint John at Ephesus, which later became the Mosque
of Sultan Selim.
Natural places depicted include Lake Gyges, the hot springs of Sardis, Mount Pagus, Two
Brothers Mountain, and the Rock of Niobe. Also present are images of nineteenth-century
Turkish life such as cemeteries, barracks, yaykas (summer resorts), and Yuruks (Yörüks, a
nomaidic Turkish ethnic subgroup of Oghuz descent).
Of the images in the collection, 16 are by the Rubellin studio, and six images are the work
of Alexander Svoboda. The remaining 42 images are unattributed.
The photographs appear to be part of a mock-up for an illustrated book. The mounts are
consecutively numbered by hand, from 207 through 276; six numbers are lacking (243-246 and
259-260). For additional photographs bearing numbers preceeding those in this collection see
Special Collections accession no. 2004.R.42, Views of Bursa.
Captions in French are hand-written in black ink on the mounts below or to the side of the
images, with the exception of the first mount, which bears a letterpress caption below the
image. Several mounts have captions or extensive manuscript descriptions pasted on them. All
of the prints have a number corresponding, in most cases, to the first number in their
caption. This number can be found in a corner of the mount (even numbers are in the upper
right corners, while odd numbers are in the lower right corners). Many images have an
annotation on the verso visible through the print, which appears to contain similar
information as the title.
In original order according to numbers on mounts.
Subjects - Topics
Architecture -- Turkey
Castles -- Greece
Indigenous peoples -- Turkey
Clothing and dress -- Turkey
Yuruks (Turkic people)
Castles -- Turkey
Church buildings -- Turkey
St. John Church (Ephesus (Extinct city))
Aqueducts -- Turkey
Architecture, Ancient -- Greece
Subjects - Places
Ephesus (Extinct city)
Turkey -- Description and travel
Turkey -- Antiquities
Greece -- Description and travel
Greece -- Antiquities
Sardis (Extinct city)
Genres and Forms of Material
Albumen prints -- Turkey -- 19th century
Albumen prints -- Greece -- 19th century