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Views of Asia Minor
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Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Biographical/Historical Note
  • Administrative Information
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Indexing Terms

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Views of Asia Minor
    Date (inclusive): 1860-1890
    Number: 2002.R.44
    Physical Description: 64 photographic prints
    The Getty Research Institute
    Special Collections
    1200 Getty Center Drive, Suite 1100
    Los Angeles 90049-1688
    URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10020/askref
    (310) 440-7390
    Abstract: This collection of photographs depicts ancient, medieval, and natural sites in Asia Minor. Contributors include Rubellin and Alexander Svoboda.
    Request Materials: To access physical materials on site, go to the library catalog record  for this collection and click "Request an Item." Click here for access policy .
    Language: Collection material is in French

    Biographical/Historical Note

    The photographs in this collection were taken in Asia Minor by various photographers, known and unknown. Sixteen photographs are by the photographer Rubellin.
    The Rubellin family (father and son(s)) operated a photography studio in Smyrna from the 1870s through the 1910s. In its earlier years the studio, known variously as Rubellin, Rubellin et fils, and Rubellin père et fils, added the descriptive term "photographie parisienne" to its imprint. Shortly after 1900 tghe firm became known as Rubellin fils. The firm specialized in views of ancient ruins as well as studio portraiture.
    Six images are the work of Alexander Svoboda. The remaining 42 images are unattributed.

    Administrative Information


    Open for use by qualified researchers.

    Publication Rights

    Preferred Citation

    Views of Asia Minor, 1860-1890, Getty Research Institute, Research Library, Accession no. 2002.R.44

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired in 2002.

    Processing History

    Processed and cataloged by Jamie Allen under the supervision of Beth Ann Guynn. The finding aid was encoded by Holly Larson with grant funding from the Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR). Guynn updated the finding aid in 2021.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    The collection of 64 albumen photographs taken between 1860 and 1890 depicts ancient, medieval, and natural sites in Asia Minor (encompassing modern-day Turkey and Greece). Ephesus (14 photographs), Sardis (6), Smyrna (12), Rhodes (12), and Lindos (7) are among the cities represented.
    Ancient and medieval locations include the Temple of Diana and the theater at Ephesus; an aqueduct in Saint Anne's Valley, Smyrna; Saint Nicolas Fortress, three medieval windmills, and the Knights' Castle on Rhodes; the Temple of Venus in Aphrodisias; the ampitheater and Roman basilica in the ancient city of Pergamon; and the statue of Sesotris. Several photographs represent early Christian sites such as the Gate of the Persecution, Saint Paul's Prison, the Tomb of Saint Luke, the Greek church of Saint George in Smyrna, the Church of Polycarp, and the Church of Saint John at Ephesus, which later became the Mosque of Sultan Selim.
    Natural places depicted include Lake Gyges, the hot springs of Sardis, Mount Pagus, Two Brothers Mountain, and the Rock of Niobe. Also present are images of nineteenth-century Turkish life such as cemeteries, barracks, yaykas (summer resorts), and Yuruks (Yörüks, a nomaidic Turkish ethnic subgroup of Oghuz descent).
    Of the images in the collection, 16 are by the Rubellin studio, and six images are the work of Alexander Svoboda. The remaining 42 images are unattributed.
    The photographs appear to be part of a mock-up for an illustrated book. The mounts are consecutively numbered by hand, from 207 through 276; six numbers are lacking (243-246 and 259-260). For additional photographs bearing numbers preceeding those in this collection see Special Collections accession no. 2004.R.42, Views of Bursa.
    Captions in French are hand-written in black ink on the mounts below or to the side of the images, with the exception of the first mount, which bears a letterpress caption below the image. Several mounts have captions or extensive manuscript descriptions pasted on them. All of the prints have a number corresponding, in most cases, to the first number in their caption. This number can be found in a corner of the mount (even numbers are in the upper right corners, while odd numbers are in the lower right corners). Many images have an annotation on the verso visible through the print, which appears to contain similar information as the title.


    In original order according to numbers on mounts.

    Indexing Terms

    Subjects - Topics

    Architecture -- Turkey
    Architecture, Medieval
    Castles -- Greece
    Indigenous peoples -- Turkey
    Clothing and dress -- Turkey
    Yuruks (Turkic people)
    Castles -- Turkey
    Church buildings -- Turkey
    St. John Church (Ephesus (Extinct city))
    Aqueducts -- Turkey
    Architecture, Ancient -- Greece

    Subjects - Places

    Ephesus (Extinct city)
    Turkey -- Description and travel
    Turkey -- Antiquities
    Greece -- Description and travel
    Greece -- Antiquities
    Rhodes (Greece)
    Sardis (Extinct city)
    İzmir (Turkey)
    Lindhos (Greece)

    Genres and Forms of Material

    Albumen prints -- Turkey -- 19th century
    Albumen prints -- Greece -- 19th century


    Rubellin, Alphonse
    Svoboda, A. (Alex)