The Concessions Management Records collection contains administrative files created and compiled by the Concessions Management
Office of Yosemite National Park between 1968 and 2008. The Office’s interactions with Yosemite concessioners, concession
facilities, products, and services between 1978 and 1992 account for the bulk of the collection. Furthermore, a large portion
of the records relate to the main concessioner, Yosemite Park & Curry Company (YP & CC). The records document contract administration
and also pertain to concessioner relations with Yosemite National Park and the National Park Service (NPS).
The majority of the records are correspondence, concessioner case files, and records of buildings and transportation projects.
The bulk of the correspondence is between the concessioner and the superintendent of Yosemite National Park concerning concession
operations and contract negotiations. Also included are memorandum from the NPS Washington Support Office (WASO) and the Regional
Office regarding concession policy guidelines and procedures. Prominent reports include Concessions Management Guidelines,
1970-1971; Delaware North Company (DNC) award and contract (YOSE004-93), 1993; and Concession Services Plan (CSP), 1991-1992.
Other records include evaluations of facilities, financial reports, film permits, advertisement files, building plans, rate
files and comments on the draft Concession Services Plan.
All series and subseries have accompanying scope and content descriptions, with material type, arrangement and date ranges
included. Also, please note that the abbreviation for Yosemite Park & Curry Company, YP & CC, is used in all folder titles.
The Yosemite National Park Concessions Management Office was created circa 1976, operating as the Concessions Management Division.
Prior to this time, concession operations were handled by staff in the Superintendent’s Office. The management of concessions
included Special Park Uses until 1996, when the new Division of Business and Revenue Management was created. This division
was established to oversee the now-separate branches of the fee program (moved out of the Protection Division), Special Park
Uses, and Concessions Management. The NPS Yosemite Concessions Management Branch staff consists of the Chief (James Sleznick,
1973-1975; John Burchill, 1975-1980; Wayne Schultz, 1979-1992; Martin L. Nielson, 1992-present); Deputy Chief (Lena McDowall,
1992-present); Financial Analysts; Public Service and Environmental Health Specialists; Asset Managers; and Concession Specialists.
The Concessions Management Branch Office is accountable for ensuring that quality visitor services are available to the public
through contracts issued to private businesses operating in the park. Operating under the authority of the Department of the
Interior, concessioners’ services and rates are specifically dictated by the National Park Service (NPS). Park staff is responsible
for contract administration, working with the national and regional NPS offices to facilitate contract development as well
as public law, finance, and planning objectives.
On behalf of the Superintendent, the Concessions Management Office enforces the terms of concessioners’ contracts. The office
conducts periodic operational performance evaluations and provides feedback to concession managers through annual overall
ratings. They also review concessioner contract compliance with regard to asset management, insurance requirements, advertising,
merchandising, fulfillment of applicable building and capital improvement programs, maintenance of structures and landscapes,
payment of utility bills, submittal of required financial reports, and satisfactory payment of franchise fees.
The Concessions Management Branch also serves as the liaison between concessioners and other park branches, as they interact
in a wide variety of park operational activities including park planning and environmental compliance. Furthermore, the Concessions
Management Office interfaces directly with the Special Park Uses branch and individual park visitors interested in commercial
services in the park, such as film permits, First Amendment opportunities, amphitheater use, and wedding permits.
Concessioner contracts are limited in number and scope. Contracts must leave resources unimpaired in addition to being deemed
necessary to visitor experience by the NPS. Preserving a balance between services that provide for visitor enjoyment and the
conservation of cultural and natural resources is the focus of concessions management policy in the NPS.
Few concessioners have operated in the park since 1925, when the NPS forced a merger of the Yosemite National Park Company
and the Curry Camping Company in order to reduce competition and create a more prosperous company with the ability to improve
facilities in the Yosemite Valley. The resulting entity, the Yosemite Park & Curry Company (YP & CC), thus became the major
concessioner and was granted a twenty-year contract. This contract was extended until 1963, when a thirty-year contract was
signed between the NPS and YP & CC (CC-YOSE004-63).
YP & CC records comprise the bulk of the material in this collection. Negotiations between the park and YP & CC became strained
in the 1980s due to the influence of large companies on NPS concessions policy and the ownership changes of YP & CC (Shasta
Natural Resources in 1970, Music Corporation of America (MCA) in 1973, Matsushita Corporations of Japan in 1991). Consequently,
in 1992 the Concessions Management Branch developed a Concession Services Plan, which was guided by the 1980 Yosemite National
Park General Management Plan. The revised concession policies stressed financial obligations and environmental commitment.
In light of these developments, YP & CC was sold to the National Park Foundation in 1991. The National Park Foundation owned
all former YP & CC buildings until they were paid off by the NPS in 1993. Thus, today the NPS owns the buildings managed by
concessioners. In general, the NPS owns the buildings and oversees capital improvements, while the concessioner is liable
for the maintenance of the buildings.
The Delaware North Company (DNC)’s became Yosemite primary concessioner in 1993 via contract CC-YOSE-004-93, which incorporated
the revised policies of 1992’s Concession Services Plan.
Other existing contracts include Best’s Studio, Inc./Ansel Adams Gallery (CC-YOSE001-09); El Portal Market (CC-YOSE003-08);
High Sierra Petroleum/El Portal Service Station (CC-YOSE006-01).
Former contracts were held by the El Portal Motor Inn (CC-YOSE002, terminated in 1983) and by the Yosemite Medical Clinic
(CC-YOSE005-95). The Clinic’s contract was withdrawn in 2010; it is now operated by the National Park Service. In addition,
dental services were provided first through a contract, and then through a Special Use Permit (SUP #8800-0-0890), until 1988.