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Associated Pioneers of the Territorial Days of California Papers: Finding Aid
mssAssociatedPioneersPapers  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Overview of the Collection
  • Access
  • Administrative Information
  • Historical Note
  • Scope and Content
  • Arrangement
  • Indexing Terms

  • Overview of the Collection

    Title: Associated Pioneers of the Territorial Days of California Papers
    Dates (inclusive): 1875-1893
    Collection Number: mssAssociatedPioneersPapers
    Creator: Associated Pioneers of the Territorial Days of California.
    Extent: 117 items in 1 box.
    Repository: The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens. Manuscripts Department
    1151 Oxford Road
    San Marino, California 91108
    Phone: (626) 405-2191
    Email: reference@huntington.org
    URL: http://www.huntington.org
    Abstract: This collection contains various correspondence and ephemera associated with The Associated Pioneers of the Territorial Days of California, an organization formed in New York in 1875 for individuals who had been in California at some point prior to its receiving statehood on September 9, 1850 . A large portion of the correspondence is authored by Frank D. Clark, who was the organization's secretary, and one of the primary addressees is Stephen L. Merchant.
    Language: English.

    Access

    Open to qualified researchers by prior application through the Reader Services Department. For more information, contact Reader Services.

    Administrative Information

    Publication Rights

    The Huntington Library does not require that researchers request permission to quote from or publish images of this material, nor does it charge fees for such activities. The responsibility for identifying the copyright holder, if there is one, and obtaining necessary permissions rests with the researcher.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item]. Associated Pioneers of the Territorial Days of California Papers, The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.

    Provenance

    Purchased from Holabird-Kagin September 24, 2008.

    Historical Note

    The Associated Pioneers of the Territorial Days of California was formed in New York in September 1875 by General Horatio Gates Gibson (1827-1924) with the assistance of Francis D. Clark. The Society’s objective was “to form a more perfect union of the Pioneers of California, now residents of the Atlantic States, and to cultivate social intercourse between them” (Article 1, Articles of Association). The organization was primarily composed of Mexican War veterans of the Army and Navy, gold hunters, politicians, and businessmen “who were for any period in California prior to the 9th day of September, 1850 (the date of the admission of the State of California into the Union)” (Article 6, Articles of Association). At its inception, the organization was made up of 49 members who were among the elite of the California gold rush and military history. Members included: John A. Sutter, Joseph Hooker, John Fremont, Cornelius Vanderbilt, W.T. Sherman, Stephen L. Merchant, Francis D. Clark, and E. Kemble.

    Scope and Content

    The papers consist of various correspondence and ephemera associated with the Associated Pioneers of the Territorial Days of California. The subject matter of the correspondence include the concerns of the organization such as meeting announcements, resolutions, propositions, election of officers, and the organization’s Articles of Association. A large portion of the correspondence is authored by Frank D. Clark, who was the organization’s secretary, and one of the primary addressees is Stephen L. Merchant. Notable correspondence include letters dating when the Articles of Association were adopted (1876, April 3), describing the Society’s badges (1876, May 3), stating resolutions adopted for the Society (1876, May 22), stating fees that were paid for admission into the Society (1878, June 20), planning for a permanent headquarters for the Society as well as a library and museum (1879, Jan. 20), and a letter calling to act in honor of John Sutter (1882, Mar. 1).
    The papers also consist of a variety of different ephemera printed by the organization. The majority of ephemera include pamphlets, brochures, and invitations for the organization’s annual meetings and social events. Ephemera include newspaper clippings about individuals such as Stephen L. Merchant, Francis D. Clark, Emperor Norton I of San Francisco, Julius Martin, and they also include newspaper articles about the organization and descriptions of their various social events. Other ephemera include the Society’s ribbon, songbooks, membership applications, a list of the members of the society, a copy of the “Song of the Argonauts” or “The Days of ´Forty-Nine” written by Samuel C. Upham, and brochures about the society. A notable item is a 14th Annual Reunion Meeting booklet that contains firsthand accounts from original Pioneers.

    Arrangement

    Arranged in chronological order.

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the Huntington Library's Online Catalog.  

    Subjects

    Associated Pioneers of the Territorial Days of California -- Archives.
    Society of California Pioneers.
    Mexican War, 1846-1848 -- Veterans.
    Mexican War, 1846-1848 -- Veterans -- Societies, etc.
    Sutter, John Augustus, 1803-1880.
    California -- Gold discoveries -- Sources.

    Forms/Genres

    Ephemera -- New York -- 19th century.
    Letters (correspondence) -- New York -- 19th century.

    Additional Contributors

    Clark, Francis D.
    Hooker, Joseph, 1814-1879.
    Merchant, Stephen L.
    Sutter, John Augustus, 1803-1880.
    Upham, Samuel C. (Samuel Curtis), 1819-1885.
    Society of California Pioneers.