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World War Two Civil Defense Literature Collection
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Collection Overview
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This collection includes booklets, advertisements, pamphlets, leaflets, and ephemera related to World War Two Civil Defense. Subjects include advertisements on Blackout products, Civil Defense literature and decal products, and World War Two ephemera.
The Office of Civilian Defense (OCD) was established by President Franklin Roosevelt in May of 1941 to create safety measures and procedures to protect citizens in the case of air raids, blackouts, and other war-related attacks. The office was also in charge of the morale of the citizens and for the creation of a citizen volunteer recruitment or what would eventually be titled the Citizen's Defense Corp. Citizens were encouraged to join through Citizen's Defense volunteer offices who would assign roles and train volunteers for positions such as driver, messenger, auxiliary police, as well as other volunteer positions. After a volunteer had completed training, they were able to wear an armband or uniform with the insignia of the position they were trained for. The OCD continued throughout the war to establish safety measures and assist in volunteer recruitment. The program officially concluded in June of 1945.
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All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Director of Archives and Special Collections. Permission for publication is given on behalf of Special Collections as the owner of the physical materials and not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.
There are no access restrictions on this collection.