Howard Spilman Galt, long term missionary and founder of the Education Department,
Yenching University (1920-1949), amassed this collection of Chinese school textbooks published in the late Qing dynasty and
the Republican era in China. These
textbooks were written for different educational levels, from K-12 to college, and to general adult literacy classes. They
cover a variety of subject areas in
humanities, social sciences, and sciences. They also include curriculum and pedagogical materials as well as educational documents
such as rules, regulations, and
laws. The majority of textbooks in this collection were published by the Commercial Press （商務印書館), one of the three major
publishers and distributors of Chinese
school textbooks in the Republican Era.
Howard Spilman Galt (1872-1948) was a long term American missionary and educator in China. He served in China over 45 years,
and was one of the key
administrators of Yenching University, the Chinese missionary university that collaborated with Harvard University to establish
the Harvard-Yenching Institute in
1928 with funding from the estate of Charles M. Hall. Galt served in China for 45 years where he was popularly known as Dr.
Gao Houde 高厚德博士.