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Duveen Brothers stock documentation from the dealer's library
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Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Biographical/Historical Note
  • Administrative Information
  • Related Archival Materials
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Indexing Terms

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Duveen Brothers stock documentation from the dealer's library,
    Date (inclusive): 1829-1965
    Number: 2007.D.1
    Creator/Collector: Duveen Brothers
    Physical Description: 755 Linear Feet
    Physical Description: (740 boxes, 10 flatfiles, 2 rolls)
    The Getty Research Institute
    Special Collections
    1200 Getty Center Drive, Suite 1100
    Los Angeles 90049-1688
    URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10020/askref
    (310) 440-7390
    Abstract: These records from the art dealer Duveen Brothers formed part of the firm's library holdings that were purchased in 1965 by The Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute in Williamstown, Massachusetts. They document the Duveen Brothers' cataloging, research, exhibition work, and publication of works of art and collections. They consist of brochures, photographs, collectors' files, scrapbooks, correspondence and authentication records from art experts, notably Bernard Berenson. Also included in these records are the papers of Italian Renaissance art historian R. (Robert) Langton Douglas.
    Request Materials: Request access to the physical materials described in this inventory through the catalog record  for this collection. Click here for the access policy .
    Language: Collection material is in English

    Biographical/Historical Note

    The Duveen Brothers was a firm of influential art dealers active from the late nineteenth to the mid-twentieth centuries with offices in London, Paris, and New York. Under the guidance of Joseph Duveen (1869-1939), and assisted by art experts, most notably Bernard Berenson (1865-1959), Duveen Brothers played a prominent role in the transfer of works of art from Europe to the United States. The firm helped form important private collections that later became the nuclei of museums such as the National Gallery of Art, the Huntington Art Collections, and the Frick Collection.
    Joel Joseph (1843-1908) and Henry Duveen (1854-1919), the founders of Duveen Brothers were originally from Meppel, Holland. In 1866, Joel Joseph moved to England, first to the city of Hull and then to London, where he began importing delftware, porcelain and other objets d'art from Holland. In 1877, Henry moved to Boston and then New York, where he would become associated with the affluent American collectors J. P. Morgan, Benjamin Altman, Collis P. Huntington, P. A. B. Widener and George J. Gould. Joseph Duveen, the eldest son of Joseph Joel and the principal personage behind the firm's peak from 1907 to 1939 joined the business under his father's mentorship in the London branch in 1887. In 1905-1908, Sir (later Lord) Joseph Duveen made the decisive purchases in Paris of the Rodolfe Kann and Maurice Kann collections and in Berlin of the Hainauer collection.
    The firm's operation involved a network of runners, scholars, librarians, writers, and photographers. Its access to the vast financial resources of its clientele of international bankers provided it with the capital necessary to make major purchases. The firm achieved major sales to collectors, such as Samuel Kress, Andrew Mellon, Henry Clay Frick, Joseph E. Widener, Mr. and Mrs. Henry E. Huntington and Philip Lehman.
    In 1939, after Lord Duveen's death, his nephew, Armand Lowengard and Edward Fowles assumed leadership of the firms in Paris, New York and London. When Lowengard passed away in 1943, Fowles took over the presidency of Duveen Brothers until 1964, when he sold the firm to Norton Simon with most of its remaining stock.

    Administrative Information


    Open for use by qualified researchers, except for Series III. Scrapbooks. Contact the repository for information regarding access of Series III.

    Publication Rights

    Preferred Citation

    Duveen Brothers stock documentation from the dealer's library, 1829-1965, The Getty Research Institute, Los Angeles, Accession no. 2007.D.1.

    Acquisition Information

    On deposit at the Getty Research Institute from the Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute, 2006-2016.

    Processing History

    Clare Denk registered the archive. Under the supervision of Jocelyn Gibbs and then Andra Darlington, Arsineh Zargarian unpacked and rehoused the bulk of the archive from 2007 to 2009. Teresa Morales completed the processing of Series VII and its container list in 2009 and 2010. Under the supervision of Karen Meyer-Roux, intern Sarah Mooney processed series VI, Jan Bender assisted with the processing of Series VII, and Emmabeth Nanol completed the processing of the archive and prepared the archive for digitization.

    Digitized Material

    The collection was digitized between 2011-2014 under the auspices of the Kress Foundation: http://hdl.handle.net/10020/2007d1 

    Related Archival Materials

    Duveen Brothers Records, 1876-1981 (Accession no. 960015). Connect to finding aid: http://hdl.handle.net/10020/cifa960015 

    Scope and Content of Collection

    The stock documentation formed part of the library of the Duveen Brothers that was purchased in 1965 by The Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute in Williamstown, Massachusetts. It was not included in the business records that were deeded in 1968 by Edward Fowles to the Metropolitan Museum and in turn donated to the Getty Research Institute in 1996 (Accession No. 960015). After the Clark Institute integrated the published books, sales catalogs and periodicals from the Duveen Brothers' Library into the institute's general collections, there remained a significant archive, comprised of photograph albums, drafts and published catalogs, brochures, clippings arranged in scrapbooks, photographs of the firm's stock, architectural plans, and art expertise documentation. This portion of the art dealer's records documents the firm's exhibition work, cataloging, research, and publication of works of art and collections. It includes collectors' files and authentication records from art experts, notably Bernard Berenson. The archive was placed on deposit in 2006 at the Getty Research Institute for processing, cataloging, conservation and microfilming.
    The archive is primarily visual in nature, as its largest series consists of the photographic reference files maintained by Duveen Brothers personnel. Also included are albums of photographs that record the most important works of art in the firm's stock and albums of photographs that illustrate collections of the firm's clients, including Jules Bache, Anna Dodge Dillman, Andrew Mellon and Samuel Kress.
    Although the bulk of the firm's correspondence forms part of the related archive at the Getty Research Institute, the Duveen Brothers records (Accession No. 960015), the archive includes some correspondence with Bernard Berenson, R. (Robert) Langton Douglas, Georg Swarzenski, Wilhelm von Bode, W. (Wilhelm Rheinhold Otto) Valentiner and Max Friedländer. Art expertive includes Bernard Berenson's X books and certificates of authenticity in the form of typed statements and signed photographs. Clippings and scrapbooks document advertising campaigns orchestrated by the firm and court trials occasioned by attribution disputes and claims of tax frauds.
    Personal aspects of Lord Joseph Duveen's career and benefactions are documented in scrapbooks, drawings, and photographs. The daily activities of the firm appear in callers' books that include notes on customers' visits and on works seen. Plans, drawings, and fabric swatches document the firm's role as decorator for its clients's estates.
    Also included are the papers of Italian Renaissance art historian R. (Robert) Langton Douglas (8.0 linear feet (9 boxes)), whose widow later married the firm's last president, Edward Fowles.


    Arranged in fourteen series: Series I. Albums of photographs, 1871-1956; Series II. Exhibition catalogs, pamphlets and posters, 1907-1964; Series III. Scrapbooks, 1869-1962; Series IV. Brochures, 1910-1962; Series V. Collectors' files, 1877-1956; Series VI. Articles, 1829-1963; Series VII. Photographs, 1898-circa 1960; Series VIII. Business records, 1910-circa 1960; Series IX. Robert Langton Douglas papers, 1916-1951; Series X. Lord Joseph Duveen, 1919-1933; Series XI. Photographs and inventories related to the Duveen Brothers' showrooms, 1920s; Series XII. Designs and architectural plans, undated; Series XIII. Library index cards, bibliographies and reference lists, undated;

    Indexing Terms

    Subjects - Names

    Morgan, J. P. (John Pierpont), 1867-1943
    Ringling, John, 1866-1936
    Kress, Samuel H. (Samuel Henry), 1863-1955
    Mellon, Andrew W. (Andrew William), 1855-1937
    Benson, Robert, 1850-1929
    Bache, Jules S. (Jules Semon), 1861-1944
    Duveen, Joseph Duveen, Baron
    Huntington, Henry Edwards, 1850-1927
    Getty, J. Paul (Jean Paul), 1892-1976

    Subjects - Topics

    Art -- Provenance
    Art -- Private collections
    Decorative arts -- Collectors and collecting
    Collectors and collecting
    Art dealers -- Great Britain
    Art dealers -- France
    Art -- Expertising
    Art dealers -- United States
    Painting, European -- Collectors and collecting


    Duveen Brothers