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Gómez de Orozco (Federico) Collection on the Establishment of Spanish Missions in California, New Mexico, and other Southwest Territories
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Collection Details
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  • Scope and Contents
  • Biographical / Historical
  • Custodial History
  • Processing Information
  • Existence and Location of Copies

  • Contributing Institution: William Andrews Clark Memorial Library
    Title: Federico Gómez de Orozco Collection on the Establishment of Spanish Missions in California, New Mexico, and Other Southwest Territories
    source: Rosenbach Company
    source: Gómez de Orozco, Federico
    Identifier/Call Number: MS.1929.008
    Physical Description: 2 boxes (.83 linear feet)
    Date (inclusive): 1595-1829
    Language of Material: Spanish; Castilian .

    Scope and Contents

    The Federico Gómez de Orozco collection contains manuscripts and maps dating from 1595-1829 regarding the Spanish settlement and colonization of California, New Mexico, and other portions of what was once New Spain. Most documents here were written by Franciscans and other European officials, and this collection includes detailed accounts of mission expansions in Alta and Baja California, as well as voyages made throughout Mexico in support of Spanish colonial rule and Christianization of native peoples.
    This collection also includes various descriptions of interactions between Spanish officials and missionaries with local Indigenous communities, such as the Pima, Ute (Yuca), Comanche, Moqui, Navajo (Dine), and Kumeyaay (Diegueno). Within the collection, there are many accounts of successful Indigenous uprisings against European settlers.

    Biographical / Historical

    Historian and bibliophile Federico Gómez de Orozco was born in Tlalpan, Mexico in 1891 and died on July 18, 1962 in Tizapán, D.F. He was a recognized researcher and professor at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Mexico (UNAM) and taught 16th-17th century Spanish colonial history as well as paleography at UNAM and at the School of Anthropology. With great interest in European colonization in the West and Southwest territories, he built a large collection on the history of Mexico and California. His personal library in his home in Tizapán contained pictographs and documents in relation to Indigenous and European colonial history.
    Gómez de Orozco was great friends with colleague Manual Toussaint, a Mexican art historian and academic with whom he founded the Art Laboratory of the UNAM. He was also a member of important national societies such as the Sociedad de Geografía y Estadística, Society of America, and Société des Americanistes y Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas.
    Most of his published works include scholarly articles, monographs, prologues, bibliographies, and magazine articles. The documents in this collection come from an early collection of Gómez de Orozco, but he collected more material over the course his life. Most of his collections remain in Mexico and are kept in the Biblioteca del Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia.

    Custodial History

    This collection was acquired by the Clark Library in December 1929 from bookseller A.S.W. Rosenbach. Rosenbach had purchased the collection earlier that year from scholar Federico Gómez de Orozco, through an intermediary.

    Processing Information

    This collection was previously physically processed and cataloged in a paper inventory at the Clark Library sometime before 1995. Until 2023, it was known by the call number "Mss Mexican" and the collection name "Mexican Manuscripts" and there was no online finding aid to the collection.
    The collection was fully reprocessed and described by Chanel Viera in 2023.

    Existence and Location of Copies

    Digitized material from this collection is available via Calisphere, but has not been recataloged or redescribed. Calisphere records may contain inaccurate descriptions of the material and/or offensive terminology. For Calisphere collection, click here. 

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Rosenbach Company
    Gómez de Orozco, Federico