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Register of the American Relief Administration Russian operational records
23003  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Acquisition Information
  • Accruals
  • Alternative Form Available
  • Historical Note
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Appendix A: Partial List of Districts and Towns Served by the A.R.A.
  • Appendix B: Partial List of American Personnel Pictured in Personnel Photographs
  • Appendix C: Partial List of Russian Officials and Citizens Who Worked fro the A.R.A., Pictured in Personnel and Other Photographs

  • Title: American Relief Administration Russian operational records
    Date (inclusive): 1919-1925
    Collection Number: 23003
    Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
    Language of Material: English
    Physical Description: 555 manuscript boxes, 2 cubic foot boxes, 5 oversize boxes (236.4 linear feet)
    Abstract: Correspondence, telegrams, memoranda, reports, agreements, minutes, histories, financial records, lists, press summaries, and photographs relating to American relief in the Soviet Union following the Russian Civil War, and food and public health problems, agriculture, economic conditions, transportation and communications, and political and social developments, in the Soviet Union.
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
    Creator: American Relief Administration.
    Contributor: Litvinov, M. M. (Maksim Maksimovich), 1876-1951.
    Contributor: Nansen, Fridtjof, 1861-1930.
    Contributor: Hoover, Herbert, 1874-1964.
    Contributor: Gorky, Maksim, 1868-1936.
    Contributor: American Friends Service Committee.
    Contributor: American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee.
    Contributor: American Mennonite Central Committee.
    Contributor: American National Red Cross.
    Contributor: National Lutheran Council.
    Contributor: Near East Relief (Organization)
    Contributor: Save the Children Fund (Great Britain).
    Contributor: United States Grain Corporation.
    Contributor: United States. Navy.

    Access

    Microfilm use only, except for boxes 395-411 and 560-562.
    The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], American Relief Administration. Russian Operations records, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1923.

    Accruals

    Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

    Alternative Form Available

    Also available on microfilm (664 reels).

    Historical Note

    The American Relief Administration was established in February 1919 as the agency designated by President Woodrow Wilson to administer the relief measures authorized by the Congressional appropriation of $100,000,000 approved February 25, 1919. During the period of its activity, 1919-1923, offices of the A.R.A. were established in New York, Washington, and major cities of Europe, the Near East, and Soviet Russia. Russian relief was initiated in August 1921 under an agreement with the Soviet government, and by 1923 district missions were established in the capitals of most of the provinces of the Russian Socialist Federated Soviet Republic, the Ukraine, the Crimea, and the North Caucasus.
    In total, the A.R.A. furnished over 90 percent of all relief that went into Russian between 1921 and 1923. Soviet authorities provided all transportation, warehousing, buildings, and currency required for payment of Russian staff. Funds equalling some $60,000,000 were made available by Congressional appropriation, public charity, and Soviet government gold reserves. Administrative personnel numbered 200 Americans with about 80,000 Russians under their direction. Between 1921 and 1923, a little under a million tons of food, seed, clothing, and medical supplies were distributed in Russia through an organization of 35,000 different stations. During the worst period nearly 11,000,000 men, women, and children were fed. Medical supplies were furnished to 15,000 hospitals and institutions, and over 7,000,000 individuals received inoculations and vaccinations. From seed imported, about 8,000,000 acres of land were sown.
    During the Russian operations principal officers of the A.R.A. included Herbert Hoover, Chairman; William N. Haskell, Director for Russia; Cyril J. C. Quinn, Assistant Director for Russia; Henry Beeuwkes, Medical Director for Russia; Vernon Kellogg, Lincoln Hutchinson, and James P. Goodrich, Special Investigators for Russia; Frank A. Golder, Special Representative, Russia;Edmund L. Daley and Philip Mathews, Executive Assistants for Russia; Walter Lyman Brown, Director for Europe; Christian A. Herter, Assistant Director,Washington Office; James A. Logan, Jr., Continental Representative, Paris Office; Philip S. Baldwin, Chief, Poland and Danzig Office; Randolph C. Wilson,Chief, Hamburg Office; and Arthur C. Ringland, Chief, Constantinople Office.
    A.R.A. operations terminated in Russia on June 15, 1923.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    Correspondence, telegrams, memoranda, reports, agreements, minutes, histories, financial records, lists, press summaries, and photographs relating to American relief in the Soviet Union following the Russian Civil War, and food and public health problems, agriculture, economic conditions, transportation and communications, and political and social developments, in the Soviet Union.

    Appendix A: Partial List of Districts and Towns Served by the A.R.A.

    Crimean District - Feodosia

    1. Atouzi
    2. Einlage
    3. Erapokino
    4. Feodosia
    5. Sevastopol
    6. Simferopol
    7. Zinevko

    Kazan District - Tartar Republic

    1. Kazan

    Minsk District

    1. Minsk

    Moscow District

    1. Moscow

    Petrograd District

    1. Petrograd

    Samara District - Bugurus Uzed

    1. Buzuluk
    2. Orenburg
    3. Samara
    4. Stavropol

    Saratov District

    1. Saratov

    Simbirsk District

    1. Simbirsk

    Tsaritsyn District - The Don Cossacks

    1. Spaask
    2. Tsaritsyn

    Ufa District - The Bashkir Republic

    1. Chelyabinsk
    2. Chouganack
    3. Ekaterinburg
    4. Miass, Siberia
    5. Ufa
    6. Sterlitimak
    7. Zlaroust

    Ukraine District - Odessa

    1. Alexandrovsk
    2. Belgorod
    3. Choutitsa
    4. Ekaterinoslav
    5. Kharkov
    6. Kiev
    7. Mariupol
    8. Melitopol
    9. Nikolaev
    10. Odessa
    11. Poltava

    Appendix B: Partial List of American Personnel Pictured in Personnel Photographs

    The Crimea

    1. Brown, J. M.
    2. Kohl, Tracy
    3. Morehead, Dr.

    Kazan

    1. Boyd, J. H.
    2. Cox, J. E., Dr.
    3. Turner
    4. Venear, S.

    Petrograd, Moscow, and Minsk

    1. Beeuwkes, Henry, Dr.
    2. Blattman, B.
    3. Brown, Walter Lyman
    4. Burland, Elmer
    5. Carroll, Philip J.
    6. Davenport, Walter P., Dr.
    7. Dawson, J. H.
    8. Gilchrist, Harry L.
    9. Golder, Frank A.
    10. Goodrich, Governor
    11. Grove, C. W., Lt.
    12. Haskell, Billy (son of William N. Haskell)
    13. Haskell, Henry, Dr.
    14. Haskell, William N., Col.
    15. Hutchinson, Lincoln
    16. Johnson, Charles H.
    17. Kellogg, Vernon
    18. Mangan, J. J.
    19. Mitchel, M. M.
    20. Nickelson, Dr.
    21. Pate, Maurice
    22. Quinn, C. J.
    23. Rickard, Edgar
    24. Ringland, Arthur
    25. Robbins, Caroline
    26. Shafroth, William C.
    27. Walker, Herschel C.

    Samara

    1. Foucar, F., Dr.
    2. Wolfe, Henry

    Saratov

    1. Cobb, Russel
    2. Hand
    3. Kinne, David
    4. Stack, J., Dr.

    Simbirsk

    1. Coleman
    2. Dawson, J. H.
    3. Fox, Edward
    4. Godfrey, M., Dr.
    5. Levit, Dr.
    6. Rein, Richard
    7. Renshaw, Evan
    8. Sheild, Philip B.

    Tsaritsyn

    1. Bowden, Carlton
    2. Cormick, George, Dr.
    3. Morris, C. S.
    4. Stephens, Dorsey

    Ufa

    1. Beard, Bernard
    2. Bell, William, Col.
    3. Blandy, Harold
    4. Dickinson, Dr.
    5. Garner, W. C.
    6. Hofstra, Piet Hein
    7. Kelly, W. F.
    8. Krueger, J. W., Col.
    9. Lykes, Gibbes
    10. Rollins, Dr.
    11. Sloan, Dr.

    The Ukraine

    1. Harrington, George
    2. Hynes, J. H.
    3. Lyman, Frank, Dr.
    4. Meyer, Rev.
    5. Morehead, Dr.
    6. Parker, Leonidas
    7. Spratt, J. W.

    Miscellaneous

    1. Baird, S. P.
    2. Daley
    3. Dickinson, T. H.
    4. Dodge, Earl
    5. Flesh, E. M.
    6. Gardner, Nellie E.
    7. Janicki, J. M.
    8. Lonergan, J. M.
    9. Pearson, R. A.
    10. Rapp, George
    11. Renshaw, Donald
    12. Smith, C. C.
    13. Telford, Major
    14. Traynham, Floyd
    15. Wood, Lt.

    Appendix C: Partial List of Russian Officials and Citizens Who Worked fro the A.R.A., Pictured in Personnel and Other Photographs

    1. Ablitsov (Ablitzoff)
    2. Akmidulin, Fachii (Fachy Acmidoulin)
    3. Alekseev (Alexef)
    4. Babin, Aleksei (Alexis Babine)
    5. Borodin, B. G.
    6. Butkovskii (Butkowski)
    7. Chakuntkhakova, Mrs. (Mrs. Tchakounthakoff)
    8. Chernik (Tchernik)
    9. Chicherin (Tchtcherin)
    10. Eiduk, Aleksandr (Alexander Eiduk)
    11. Elmanov (Elmanoff)
    12. Gerstnovich, Lev (Leon Gerstnovich)
    13. Iakunchipov, Olga (Olga Yacountchipoff)
    14. Kamenev, Lev (Leon Kamenev)
    15. Kameneva, Mrs.
    16. Krasin (Krassin)
    17. Kubalerova, Mariia
    18. Lander
    19. Litvinov, Maksim (Maxime Litvinoff)
    20. Nikolaev, Dr. (Dr. Nickelaev)
    21. Popov, Iurii (Georges Poppoff)
    22. Radek
    23. Sabin, Kyra (Kyra Sabine)
    24. Savalev (Savalieff)
    25. Semiashko
    26. Shukov, Z. Z. (Z. Z. Shukoff)
    27. Simonov, Dr. (Dr. Simonoff)
    28. Tregubov, S., Dr. (Dr. S. Tregubow)
    29. Trotsky, Leon
    30. Trotsky, Natalia Sedova (Mrs. Leon Trotsky)
    31. Volodin, A. S. (A. S. Volodjin)
    32. Zhukov (Zhukoff)
    33. Zinovyev, Grigory Yevseyevich (Tovarisch, Zenovieff)
    34. Zubarev (Zoubareff)

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Child welfare--Soviet Union.
    International relief.
    Prisoners of war.
    Reconstruction (1914-1939)--Soviet Union.
    Refugees.
    Transportation--Soviet Union.
    Soviet Union--Economic conditions--1917-1945.
    Soviet Union--History--Revolution, 1917-1921--Civilian relief.
    Soviet Union--History--Revolution, 1917-1921--Refugees.
    Young Men's Christian associations.
    Young Women's Christian associations.