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Register of the Mieczyslaw Jałowiecki Memoirs and Drawings, 1964
XX170  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Administrative Information
  • Biographical Note
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Access Points

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Mieczyslaw Jałowiecki memoirs and drawings,
    Date (inclusive): 1964
    Collection Number: XX170
    Creator: Jałowiecki, Mieczyslaw, 1886-
    Collection Size: 8 manuscript boxes, 12 oversize boxes (9 linear feet)
    Repository: Hoover Institution Archives
    Stanford, California 94305-6010
    Abstract: Relates to historical events in Russia and Lithuania before, during, and after the Russian Revolution and Civil War; Poles in Lithuania; and agricultural developments in Lithuania, 1881-1939. Includes watercolor drawings and sketches of scenes and manor houses in Lithuania and Poland, as well as parts of Belarus, Ukraine, Latvia, and Estonia. Boxes 1-8 also available on microfilm (8 reels).
    Language: Polish

    Administrative Information

    Access

    Collection is open for research.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Mieczyslaw Jałowiecki memoirs, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives.

    Accruals

    Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

    Alternate Forms Available

    Boxes 1-8 also available on microfilm (8 reels).

    Biographical Note

    Mieczyslaw Jałowiecki was born to a prominent Polish landowning family of northern Lithuania in 1876. He studied in St. Petersburg, Riga, and several German universities, completing degrees in agriculture and agricultural economics. His career in Russian civil service, in agricultural finance, and in business, gave him the opportunity to travel and to develop an intimate knowledge of the economic and cultural landscape of Lithuania and its neighborhood. Shortly before World War I, Jałowiecki was elected president of the assembly of the nobility of northeastern Lithuania.
    The war devastated the region and disrupted the lives of most of its inhabitants. Jałowiecki lost virtually everything. His ancestral Sylgudyszki, with thousands of acres of meticulously managed farmland and forests, was nationalized by the government of the newly independent Lithuania, and he moved to Poland. Because of his economic expertise and knowledge of German affairs, the Polish government appointed him to be its representative in the city of Gdansk (Danzig). Here, during 1919-20, he was able to open the port facilities to arriving American food and humanitarian relief for Poland, which was organized by Herbert Hoover. He spent the remaining interwar years farming on his wife's estate in western Poland.
    World War II took him ever farther from the beloved lands of his ancestors and his youth. As a refugee in Allied London, he worked for the Polish government in exile, publishing pamphlets and textbooks on a variety of subjects. The war ended with East Central Europe under Soviet occupation and hundreds of thousands of Polish refugees unable to return to their homeland of whom Jałowiecki was one. From the standpoint of his literary and artistic legacy, these postwar London years were his most productive.
    Living in very modest circumstances in his later years, he spent virtually all of his time writing his memoirs, drawing, and painting. Jałowiecki re-created the world of his youth in his sixteen-volume memoirs and more than a thousand detailed views of country manors, palaces, and landscapes of Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, Belarus, and Ukraine. Jałowiecki died in London in 1962.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    Mieczyslaw Jałowiecki's manuscripts and watercolors were acquired by the Hoover Archives a few years after his death in 1962. In his later years, Jałowiecki spent virtually all of his time writing his memoirs, drawing, and painting. Taking advantage of the private photographic and iconographic collections of the Polish émigré community, the resources of the British Museum, and his own near-photographic memory, Jałowiecki re-created the world of his youth, in his sixteen-volume memoirs and in more than a thousand detailed views of country manors, palaces, and landscapes of Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, Belarus, and Ukraine. Each view is accompanied by detailed information on former owners and, whenever possible, builders and architects.
    Because of the massive destruction wreaked by World War II, the many decades of deliberate neglect under communism, and limited surviving documentation, Jałowiecki's drawings have become a valuable source of information on the region's architectural heritage. In some cases, as the modest country manor of Sylgudyszki, they are the only available representations.

    Access Points

    Agriculture--Lithuania.
    Poles--Lithuania.
    Lithuania.
    Lithuania--History.
    Lithuania--Views.
    Poland.
    Poland--Views.
    Soviet Union.
    Soviet Union--History.
    Drawings.