Scope and Content of Collection
Title: Half a Century of Communist Cadre Training records
Collection Number: 2011C32
Creator: Half a Century of Communist Cadre Training (Conference : 1969 : University of South Carolina)
18 manuscript boxes
(7.2 linear feet)
Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Abstract: Transcripts of proceedings, and correspondence, memoranda, and conference papers, preparatory to and resulting from the conference,
relating to international communist party cadre selection and leadership training.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Mainly in English.
Collection is open for research.
The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to
copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives
at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see
or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.
For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.
[Identification of item], Half a Century of Communist Cadre Training records, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.
Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 2011.
Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find
the collection in Stanford University's online catalog Socrates at
. Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in Socrates is larger than the number of boxes
listed in this finding aid.
Richard L. Walker, director of the Institute of International Studies at the University of South Carolina, in 1966 conceived
the idea of a conference at which veterans of leadership training schools of the Communist International and of communist
parties in the Soviet Union, China and other countries might discuss and compare their experiences. The idea was approved
by university officials and funding secured from the Carthage Foundation. Darrel W. Lundquist was selected as project manager
for the conference, working under the general supervision of Walker. The process of selecting and inviting potential conference
participants began in 1967. More than 200 potential participants were identified and considered. In addition to former communists
who had gone through communist cadre training programs, these included academic experts on comparative communist systems and
even a few active communists. Many candidates were contacted and responded through correspondence or by granting interviews
to Lundquist, who traveled extensively for this purpose. Some who could not attend submitted written accounts of their experiences.
The conference, under the title Half a Century of Communist Cadre Training, was finally held on the University of South Carolina
campus at Columbia from September 9 to 13, 1969. Thirty-two participants attended, of whom twenty-one had had personal experience
as students in communist party schools in the Soviet Union, China, Poland, Hungary, North Korea, Cuba, Germany, France, Italy
or the United States, while eleven were noted academic authorities on communism. Conference proceedings included both general
sessions and smaller discussion group sessions. Plans were made to edit some of the conference talks and other papers submitted
for publication. Efforts to arrange publication continued until at least 1972, but were never realized.
The conference records were deposited at the Heritage Foundation, from whence they were acquired by the Hoover Institution
Scope and Content of Collection
The conference records fall into two series--
Proceedings of the conference proper, and
Supporting Documents. The
Proceedings consist of tape recording transcripts of both the general sessions of the conference and of the smaller group discussions.
These are fairly raw; they have been edited only lightly.
Supporting Documents include a large Numerical File of Potential Participants. The basis for the numerical order of listing is not readily apparent
and may be arbitrary. The contents of the 246 individual files composing the series vary greatly. Some consist only of biographical
notes about the file's subject or unanswered letters of invitation. In other cases there is substantive correspondence, a
substantive summary of an interview with the individual, and/or a substantive written memoir or conference paper. The files
of many of the persons who were contacted but did not actually attend the conference nevertheless contain very significant
material. Those contacted included North Americans, Latin Americans, Europeans, Africans, Asians and Australians, whose collective
experience covered communist party activities from throughout the world from the 1920s to the 1960s. Most of the leading
academic authorities on communism internationally as of 1969 were contacted in conjunction with the conference project and
many of their files also contain significant input.
Over all, between the
Proceedings and the
Supporting Documents, the quantity and range of material assembled on the specific subject of international selection and training of cadre by
communist parties is unparalleled and perhaps unique.
There is some redundancy in the collection in the form of duplicate photocopies of most items.
It is not clear when or by whom the computer disks were created. The statistical and comparative data they contain is keyed
to the Numerical File material by file number.
The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
Communist party work.
Walker, Richard Louis, 1922-
Lundquist, Darrel W.