Jump to Content

Collection Guide
Collection Title:
Collection Number:
Get Items:
Register of the Brand Whitlock papers
No online items No online items       Request items ↗
View entire collection guide What's This?
PDF (117.98 Kb) HTML
Search this collection
Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Acquisition Information
  • Accruals
  • Biographical Note
  • Scope and Content of Collection

  • Title: Brand Whitlock papers
    Date (inclusive): 1913-1934
    Collection Number: 53011
    Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
    Language of Material: English, French, and Flemish
    Physical Description: 9 manuscript boxes, 4 oversize boxes, 1 oversize folder (11.0 linear feet)
    Abstract: Writings, diaries, scrapbooks, drawings, printed matter, and photographs relating to Belgian-American relations during World War I, the work of the Commission for Relief in Belgium, and the writings of Brand Whitlock.
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
    Creator: Whitlock, Brand, 1869-1934.


    Collection is open for research.
    The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Brand Whitlock papers, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1953.


    Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the library catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

    Biographical Note

    Brand Whitlock was an American author, politician, diplomat, and ambassador to Belgium from 1913 to 1922. After serving as mayor of Toledo, Ohio from 1906 to 1913, Whitlock was appointed ambassador to Belgium by President Woodrow Wilson in 1913. In 1914, Whitlock's diplomatic duties increased significantly when the outbreak of the First World War and subsequent German occupation of Belgium put him in charge of various relief efforts for Belgian citizens. Whitlock's efforts to ensure that food sent by the Committee for Relief in Belgium went directly to Belgian citizens and not German forces, as well as his frequent appeals to German military authorities on behalf of condemned prisoners in Belgium, earned him the nickname Le Ministre Protecteur. In addition to his diplomatic and political efforts, Whitlock published several novels, biographies, articles, and short essays.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    The Brand Whitlock papers consist of writings, diaries, photographs, albums, scrapbooks, drawings, illustrations, and printed matter relating to Belgian-American relations during World War I, the work of the Commission for Relief in Belgium, and the numerous writings of Brand Whitlock. Several of the writings in the collection appear to be unpublished.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Commission for Relief in Belgium (1914-1930)
    American literature.
    International relief.
    World War, 1914-1918--Belgium.
    World War, 1914-1918--Civilian relief.
    Belgium--Foreign relations--United States.
    Belgium--History--German occupation, 1914-1918.
    United States--Foreign relations--Belgium.
    Diplomats--United States.