Register of the Brand Whitlock papers

Finding aid prepared by Theresa Berger
Hoover Institution Archives
434 Galvez Mall
Stanford University
Stanford, CA, 94305-6010
(650) 723-3563
© 2009, 2016

Title: Brand Whitlock papers
Date (inclusive): 1913-1984
Date (bulk): 1913-1934
Collection Number: 53011
Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
Language of Material: English
Physical Description: 9 manuscript boxes, 4 oversize boxes, 1 oversize folder (11.0 linear feet)
Abstract: Writings, diaries, scrapbooks, drawings, printed matter, and photographs relating to Belgian-American relations during World War I, the work of the Commission for Relief in Belgium, and the writings of Brand Whitlock.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Creator: Whitlock, Brand, 1869-1934.


Collection is open for research.
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Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Brand Whitlock papers, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1953.


Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the library catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

Biographical Note

Brand Whitlock was an American author, politician, diplomat, and ambassador to Belgium from 1913 to 1922. After serving as mayor of Toledo, Ohio from 1906 to 1913, Whitlock was appointed minister to Belgium by President Woodrow Wilson in 1913. In 1914, Whitlock's diplomatic duties increased significantly when the outbreak of the First World War and subsequent German occupation of Belgium put him in charge of various relief efforts for Belgian citizens. Whitlock's efforts to ensure that food sent by the Committee for Relief in Belgium went directly to Belgian citizens and not German forces, as well as his frequent appeals to German military authorities on behalf of condemned prisoners in Belgium, earned him the nickname Le Ministre Protecteur. In addition to his diplomatic and political efforts, Whitlock was also a published writer and wrote several novels, biographies, articles, and short essays.

Scope and Content of Collection

The Brand Whitlock papers consist of writings, diaries, photographs, albums, scrapbooks, drawings, illustrations, and printed matter relating to Belgian-American relations during World War I, the work of the Commission for Relief in Belgium, and the numerous writings of Brand Whitlock. Several of the writings in the collection appear to be unpublished and provide valuable insight into Whitlock's status as a Progressive reformer, politician, and author. The artwork featured includes several original pieces with artist dedications. A register of the collection by R. Alan Price, completed at the Hoover Institution in 1984, also includes useful information about both the collection and Whitlock's life and career.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Commission for Relief in Belgium (1914-1930)
American literature.
Belgium--Foreign relations--United States.
Belgium--History--German occupation, 1914-1918.
Diplomats--United States.
International relief.
Progressivism (United States politics)
United States--Foreign relations--Belgium.
World War, 1914-1918--Belgium.
World War, 1914-1918--Caricatures and cartoons.
World War, 1914-1918--Children.
World War, 1914-1918--Civilian relief.
World War, 1914-1918.

Box/folder 1 : 1-4, 12 : 1, 13 : 23

Biographical File, circa 1913-1932

Scope and Contents note

Includes social ledger from Whitlock's time in Belgium, possibly owned by Whitlock's wife or mother-in-law, as well as social invitations and event booklets from various foreign events. Also includes a scrapbook of articles about Whitlock, in addition to hymns and literary articles presumably collected by Whitlock.
Box/folder 1 : 5

Register by R. Alan Price, 1984

Scope and Contents note

Copy of original collection survey completed by R. Alan Price at the Hoover Institution in 1984. Includes background and contextual information about Whitlock, as well as possible identification of untitled materials.

Writings, undated

Box/folder 1 : 6

"The American Quality in American Literature: A Paper to Be Read Before the National Institute of Arts and Letters," 1915 November

Box/folder 1 : 7

"Barrett Montgomery's Proposal," manuscript, undated

Box/folder 1 : 8, 2: 1-6

"The Buckeyes," manuscript and notes, undated

Box/folder 2 : 7

"The City of the Future," address delivered at The Hudson Theatre, 1913 October

Box/folder 2 : 8

"Courdray," undated

Scope and Contents note

Possible chapter or excerpt from Whitcock's biography on Thomas Jefferson.
Box/folder 2 : 9

"Democracy," manuscript, multiple versions, undated

Box/folder 2 : 10

"Francis Rabelais," undated

Box/folder 2 : 11

"Frontispiece," in The World's Work, 1915 December

Box/folder 3 : 1-3

"J. Hardin and Sons" (?), draft, undated

Box/folder 3 : 4

"J. Hardin and Sons," serialized publications in The Delineator, 1923 July-December


Jefferson biography (also knowns as "Mr. Jefferson"), undated

Scope and Contents note

Relates to a possible biography of Thomas Jefferson written by Whitlock based on folder titles (publishing history not known). However, Whitlock did publish a biography of the Marquis de Lafayette in 1929 aptly titled La Fayette.
Box/folder 3: 5-7

Edited draft addressed to Miss Mary Chaldecott, undated

Box/folder 3 : 8

"Notes, documents, pictures, memoranda, and divers," 1933, undated

Scope and Contents note

Contains photos of various locations at Colonial Williamsburg dated 1933.
Box/folder 3 : 9

Notes and drafts (general), undated

Box/folder 4 : 1

"Karla," undated

Box/folder 4 : 2

"The Law of the Land," in Atlantic Monthly, 1930 August


Macochee, undated

Box/folder 4 : 3

Manuscript, undated

Box/folder 4 : 4

Possible manuscript, addressed to Miss Mary Chaldecott, undated

Box/folder 4 : 5

"Mr. H - A Story," draft, undated

Box/folder 4 : 6

"Narcisse," 1918

Box/folder 4 : 7-8

Notes and drafts, unidentified, undated

Scope and Contents note

Includes drafts, edits, and incomplete manuscripts of works with possible titles such as "The Game" and "A Lincoln Penny," as well as possible manuscripts of "The Buckeyes" and Whitlock's 1920 Walt Whitman: How to Know Him.
Box/folder 4: 9-11, 5 : 1

"Ohio Novel," unfinished novel, various manuscripts, drafts, and notes, undated

Box/folder 5 : 2

"On a Little Traverse Bay," poem, undated

Box/folder 5 : 3

"The Place at Table," undated

Box/folder 5 : 4

"The Portrait of Maria," unpublished manuscript, undated

Box/folder 5 : 5

"Progress and [?] in Glasgow," notes and drafts, undated

Scope and Contents note

The [?] denotes a word in the item title that was illegible.
Box/folder 5 : 6

"The Rehabilitation of General Todhunter," in Sunday Magazine, 1915 December

Box/folder 5 : 7-8

"The Ribbon," various edited drafts, undated

Box/folder 5 : 9

"The Sofa: How a Grave Political Crisis Yielded to Feminine Tact," in The Argosy, 1931 March

Box/folder 5 : 10

"A Son of a Good-For-Nothing: A Satirical Comedy in Four Acts," by Brand Whitlock and Frank Neilson, manuscript, 1914 January-February, undated

Scope and Contents note

Includes related correspondence.

The Stranger on the Island (also known as Beaver Island), undated

Box/folder 5 : 11

Manuscript addressed to Miss Mary Chaldecott, undated

Box/folder 5 : 12

Edited draft addressed to Miss Agnes F. Pearson, undated

Box/folder 5 : 13

Typed, edited draft, undated

Box/folder 5 : 14-15, 6 : 1

Manuscript and notes (?), undated

Scope and Contents note

It is not certain that these pages are part of The Stranger on the Island/Beaver Island.
Box/folder 6 : 2

"Thou Shalt Not Kill," undated


Transplanted, undated

Box/folder 6 : 3-5

Manuscript, undated

Box/folder 6 : 6

Notes for "The Countess of Granvallon," undated

Scope and Contents note

"The Countess of Granvallon" is the original title of the Whitlock's 1927 novel Transplanted.
Box/folder 6 : 7

"The White Slave in America," in The English Review, 1914 February

Box/folder 6 : 8

Untitled manuscript 1, undated

Box/folder 6 : 9-10, 7 : 1-3

Untitled manuscript 2, undated


Correspondence, 1913-1934

Box/folder 7 : 4-5

General, 1914, 1921, undated

Scope and Contents note

Includes postcards and social invitations sent and received.
Box/folder 7 : 6

Adam, Rosa, 1915 March

Box/folder 7 : 7

André, Muller, 1915 February

Box/folder 7 : 8

Armand, Lison, et. al, circa 1915

Box/folder 7 : 9

Baelin, Renée, 1915 March

Box/folder 7 : 10

Baron Eugene de Moffarts, et. al, 1915 January

Box/folder 7 : 11

Baue, Raphael, 1915 February

Box/folder 7 : 12

Bertha, Laurent, et. al, 1915 March

Box/folder 7 : 13

Cherer, Moriette, 1915 March

Box/folder 7 : 14

China, Aline, 1915 March

Box/folder 7 : 15

Clarkson, 1934 March

Box/folder 7 : 16

Collard, Jean, circa 1915

Box/folder 7 : 17

Collard, Wilhelmina, 1915 March

Box/folder 7 : 18

Comite Regional d'Alimentation, 1915 February

Box/folder 7 : 19

Commission for Relief in Belgium / Lace Department of the Commission for Relief in Belgium, 1917-1919

Scope and Contents note

Includes correspondence, notes, and receipts addressed to both Brand Whitlock and Mrs. Whitlock.
Box/folder 7 : 20

Coussaint, Rosa, 1915 March

Box/folder 7 : 21

Dautremont, Albine, 1915 March

Box/folder 7 : 22

Deglime, Leonie, 1915 March

Box/folder 7 : 23

Descotte, Emilie, circa 1915

Box/folder 7 : 24

Englebert, Eveline, 1915 March

Box/folder 7 : 25

Friends of Belgium, 1925 April

Box/folder 7 : 26

G., Celine, 1915 March

Box/folder 7 : 27

Genin, Louisa, 1915 March

Box/folder 7 : 28

George, S. S., 1919 October

Box/folder 7 : 29

Guerier (?), Amais, 1915 March

Box/folder 7 : 30

Henry, Pier, 1915 February

Box/folder 7 : 31

Herbret, Paul, 1915 February

Box/folder 7 : 32

Julien, Leonie, et. al, 1915 February

Box/folder 7 : 33

Lambot (?), Yvonne, circa 1915

Box/folder 7 : 34

Leoloux, Andre, 1915 February

Box/folder 7 : 35

Letters from Belgian school teachers, in Flemish, French, and English, circa 1915

Box/folder 8 : 1

Letters from Belgian school teachers and citizens, in French and Flemish, 1915 January-February

Box/folder 8 : 2

Letters from children in Brussels, in French and Flemish, 1914

Scope and Contents note

Includes handwritten, drawn, and colored letters from young school children thanking Whitlock and the United States for their relief efforts in Belgium.
Box/folder 7 : 37

Louis, Edward (?), 1915 February

Box/folder 8 : 4

Naveaux, Rosa, 1915 March

Box/folder 8 : 5

Orianne, Joseph, et. al, 1915 February

Box/folder 8 : 6

Philippe, 1915 February

Box/folder 8 : 7

Raison, Georges, et. al, 1915 February

Box/folder 8 : 8

Toussaint, Ernestine, 1915 March

Box/folder 8 : 9

Vandery, circa 1915

Box/folder 8 : 10

Wauters, Henri, 1915 January


Writings by Others, 1914, undated

Box/folder 8 : 11

Diary of Mrs. Brainerd (?), 1914

Scope and Contents note

Contains the diary of an older female, thought to be Whitlock's mother-in-law, Mrs. Brainerd, describing life in war-torn Belgium in 1914.
Box/folder 8 : 12

Social ledger of Mrs. Brainerd or Mrs. Whitlock, 1914

Scope and Contents note

Contains the social ledger of either Mrs. Whitlock or Mrs. Brainerd (Brand Whitlock's mother-in-law). Describes social events held at, and calls made to, the American embassy in Belgium in 1914.
Box/folder 8 : 13

Witter Bynner, undated

Box/folder 8 : 14

A. E. Housman, undated


Scrapbooks, circa 1913-1933

Box 10

Newspaper clippings and printed material, 1925-1933, undated

Scope and Contents note

Hymns and other assorted clippings. Also includes loose clippings and materials found at beginning of book.
Box 10

Corporal Geo. F. Wood, A.E.F., undated

Scope and Contents note

Various clippings and illustrations pasted together to create humorous scenes as well as social and political commentary on the war and current events. A signature at the end of the scrapbooks reads "Corporal Geo. F. Wood, A.E.F.," presumably the owner/creator.

Photographs, circa 1913-1934

Box/folder 8 : 15, 13 : 1-22

General, undated

Scope and Contents note

Includes both identified and unidentified photographs and seated portraits. See "Register by R. Alan Price" for more information and identification of materials.
Box/folder 8 : 16, Oversize-Box 11

Album, circa 1915

Scope and Contents note

Contains both glued and loose photographs of Whitlock and other unidentified persons.
Box/folder 12 : 2-9, Map-case folder, Box 16

Drawings and Illustrations, circa 1913-1934

Scope and Contents note

Includes sketches, portraits, and illustrations of various people and scenes, some with author dedications and signatures. See "Register by R. Alan Price" for specific identification and more information.

Printed Matter, circa 1913-1934

Box/Folder 8 : 17

"Literary Notes," (clippings, articles), 1913, 1927-1929

Box/folder 8 : 18-21

Collected news clippings, 1924-1927

Box/folder 9: 1-4, 12 : 10-15

General, circa 1913-1933

Scope and Contents note

Includes sheet music and various magazines.