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Finding Aid for the Clarence Gillett Papers, 1942-1948
130  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Administrative Information
  • Biography
  • Scope and Content
  • Series Description
  • Indexing Terms
  • History of the Organization
  • Related Material

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Clarence Gillett Papers,
    Date (inclusive): 1942-1948
    Collection number: 130
    Creator: Gillett, Clarence
    Extent: 8 boxes (4 linear ft.)
    Repository: University of California, Los Angeles. Library. Department of Special Collections.
    Los Angeles, California 90095-1575
    Physical location: Stored off-site at SRLF. Advance notice is required for access to the collection. Please contact the UCLA Library, Department of Special Collections Reference Desk for paging information.
    Language: English.

    Administrative Information

    Restrictions on Use and Reproduction

    Property rights to the physical object belong to the UCLA Library, Department of Special Collections. Literary rights, including copyright, are retained by the creators and their heirs. It is the responsibility of the researcher to determine who holds the copyright and pursue the copyright owner or his or her heir for permission to publish where The UC Regents do not hold the copyright.

    Restrictions on Access

    COLLECTION STORED OFF-SITE AT SRLF: Advance notice required for access.

    Additional Physical Form Available

    A copy of the original version of this online finding aid is available at the UCLA Department of Special Collections for in-house consultation and may be obtained for a fee. Please contact:
    • Public Services Division
    • UCLA Library, Department of Special Collections
    • Room A1713, Charles E. Young Research Library
    • Box 951575
    • Los Angeles, CA 90095-1575
    • Telephone: 310/825-4988 (10:00 a.m. - 4:45 p.m., Pacific Time)
    • Email: spec-coll@library.ucla.edu

    Source of Acquisition/Provenance

    Gift of Congregational Committee for Christian Democracy, 1948.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Clarence Gillett Papers (Collection 130). Department of Special Collections, Charles E. Young Research Library, University of California, Los Angeles.

    Processing Note

    Collection was originally part of Manzanar War Relocation Center Records (Collection 122) and was separated to form the Clarence Gillett Papers (Collection 130).

    Biography

    Gillett graduated from Union Seminary and received a doctorate in education from Columbia University; he served as a missionary in Japan for 20 years, returning to the United States shortly before World War II; served as Congregational minister for a Japanese congregation in Santa Maria, California; in March 1942 he became executive secretary of a new committee set up by Congregational churches to aid Japanese members who were being relocated; the committee was originally known as Congregational Christian Committee for Work with Japanese Evacuees, then in 1943 it used the name Citizens' Committee for Resettlement, and in 1945 changed its name again to the Congregational Committee for Christian Democracy; Gillett also served as a representative on the Protestant Church Commission for Japanese Service; he was active in the Los Angeles Coordinating Committee for Resettlement and the Community Relations Committee of the Welfare Council of Metropolitan Los Angeles; in 1947 he returned to missionary work in the Pacific, and Seido Ogawa took over the work of the Committee.

    Scope and Content

    Collection consists of correspondence, minutes, reports, essays, and publicity materials generated, received and distributed by the Congregational Committee for Christian Democracy for which Clarence Gillett served as executive secretary. Includes related materials from other groups working to assist relocated Japanese Americans, including the Protestant Church Commission for Japanese Service, the National Japanese American Student Relocation Council, the Pacific Coast Committee on American Principles and Fair Play, and others.

    Series Description

    I. Committee For Christian Democracy
    • A. Procedural papers, 1942-48

      Box 1

      Folders 1-4
    • B. Correspondence, 1942-47, arranged by subject category:
    • 1. Internal organization and administration

      Box 1

      Folders 5-6
    • 2. Religious services to evacuees

      Box 1

      Folders 7-14
    • 3. Resettlement of evacuees

      Box 1

      Folders 15-22
    • 4. Student relocation aid

      Box 2

      Folders n/a
    • 5. Publicity and information

      Box 3

      Folders 1-10
    • 6. Clarence Gillett personal correspondence, miscellaneous notes and clippings

      Box 3

      Folders 11-12
    • 7. Miscellaneous

      Box 3

      Folders 13
    • C. Publicity material, 1942-46

      Box 3

      Folders 14-29
    • II. Protestant Church Commission for Japanese Service
    • A. Procedural papers, 1942-45

      Box 4

      Folders 1-2
    • B. Correspondence, 1942-45

      Box 4

      Folders 3-4
    III. National Japanese American Student Relocation Council, papers, 1942-46
    • Box 4

      Folders n/a
    IV. Pacific Coast Committee on American Principles and Fair Play, papers, 1942-46
    • Box 4

      Folders 8-9
    V. Los Angeles Coordinating Committee for Resettlement
    • A. Procedural papers, 1945

      Box 4

      Folders 10-12
    • B. Corresopndence, 1945

      Box 4

      Folders 13-14
    • C. Publicity material, n.d.

      Box 4

      Folder 15
    VI. Other Organizations
    • A. Welfare council of Metropolitan Los Angeles Community Relations Committee, papers, 1946

      Box 4

      Folder 16
    • B. Southern California Council of Protestant Churches, 1944-45

      Box 4

      Folder 17
    VII. Miscellaneous Typed Materials


    • Box 5

      Folders 1-5
    VIII. Duplicated Materials (most mimeographed; some typed, some printed)
    • A. Relocation center church materials

      Box 5

      Folders 6-10
    • B. Other center materials

      Box 5

      Folders 11-12
    • C. Other religious materials

      Box 5

      Folders 13-14
    • D. Non-center serial publications

      Box 5

      Folders 15-17
    • E. Individual items

      Box 6

      Folders 1-7
    IX. Organizational Publications


    • Box 6

      Folders 8-14
    X. War Relocation Authority Materials


    • Box 6

      Folders 16-19


    • Box 7

      Folders 1-13
    XI. Miscellaneous Printed Materials


    • Box 8

      Folders 1-10

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
    Gillett, Clarence--Archives.
    Congregational Committee for Christian Democracy.
    United States--War Relocation Authority.
    Congregational churches--Clergy--California--Archival resources.
    Japanese Americans--Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945.

    History of the Organization

    This collection consists of the correspondence, procedural papers and publicity materials kept by Clarence Gillett during his special service as executive secretary of the Congregational Committee for Christian Democracy during and immediately after World War II.
    Little is known about Clarence Gillett aside from the information contained in this collection. A graduate of Union Seminary, he also received a doctorate in education from Columbia University. He served as a missionary in Japan for twenty years, apparently returning to the United States shortly before the war. In the immediate prewar period, he was apparently a Congregational minister serving a Japanese congregation in Santa Maria, California. In March, 1942, when it became obvious that all people of Japanese ancestry would have to leave the West Coast, he became executive secretary of a new committee set up by the Congregational Christian Churches to aid members of the Japanese Congregational churches who were being relocated.
    The committee was originally known as the Congregational Christian Committee for Work with Japanese Evacuees; in 1943 it also used the name Citizens' Committee for Resettlement, and in 1945 it changed again to the Committee for Christian Democracy. During the war, the committee moved its offices twice: once at the beginning of 1943, when it moved from Santa Maria to Saint Louis, Missouri, and again in 1944, when it returned to Los Angeles to prepare for the return of the evacuees to the West Coast. During the entire period covered by these records, however, its activities fell into the same three areas of emphasis: religious service to evacuees, assistance in resettling evacuees, and public relations work on behalf of the Japanese Americans in general.
    In the course of this work, the committee as an organization and Gillett as its principal representative were frequently involved in formal and informal cooperation with other organizations which had similar intents. In the area of religious service, Gillett served as the Congregational representative on the Protestant Church Commission for Japanese Service, an interdenominational committee formed in 1942 to oversee Protestant religious services in the relocation centers. In the area of resettlement, the committee, of course, worked closely with the War Relocation Authority (the Federal agency responsible for operating the relocation centers), but it also worked to develop individual and group sponsorship throughout the Midwest; one of its major efforts grew to be the assistance of college students to leave the relocation centers to attend school. This latter effort was in large part channeled through the National Japanese American Student Relocation Council, a special organization formed to funnel money from a number of private agencies (mostly churches) to needy Japanese American students.
    The committee did much public relations work on its own, but it was also associated with the Pacific Coast Committee on American Principles and Fair Play, a private social action group formed to encourage fair treatment of Japanese Americans. In the late days of the war and in the immediate postwar period, Gillett was also active in local Los Angeles social action groups, most motably the Los Angeles Coordinating Committee for Resettlement and the Community Relations Committee of the Welfare Council of Metropolitan Los Angeles.
    Gillett continued as executive secretary of the committee after the war for a short period of time; in 1947 he returned to missionary work in the Pacific islands, and Seido Ogawa took over responsibility for the committee's work. Shortly thereafter the committee donated its records, including Gillett's records of his work with the related organizations, to the Library. This collection fits into the broad area of Japanese American studies represented by other collections, most notably Collection 2010. Materials specifically related to the committee's work can be found in this and other collections:
    War Relocation Authority: Collection 122.
    Pacific Coast Committee on American Principles and Fair Play: Collection 2010, Box 153 (Ruth Kingman)
    Prewar activities in Japan: Collection 2010, Box 153 (DeForest Papers).
    National Japanese American Student Relocation Council: (The official records of this organization were deposited at the Hoover Library on War and Peace, Stanford University.
    by Hugh Stocks
    June 1979

    Related Material

    Title: Japanese American Research Project Collection of Material about Japanese in the United States
    Identifier/Call Number: (Collection 2010).
    Available at the Department of Special Collections, UCLA.
    Title: Japanese American Research Project - Fading Footsteps of the Issei
    Identifier/Call Number: (Collection 2010).
    Available at the Department of Special Collections, UCLA.
    Title: Manzanar War Relocation Center Records
    Identifier/Call Number: (Collection 122).
    Available at the Department of Special Collections, UCLA.