Scope and Content
Title: Institute of Industrial Relations. University of California, Berkeley Records,
Date (inclusive): 1888 to 1958
Date (bulk): (Bulk: 1934 - 1958)
Accession number: 1990/081
Institute of Industrial Relations. University of California, Berkeley
Extent: 10 cubic feet
160 folders, 4 scrapbooks
San Francisco State University. Labor Archives & Research Center
San Francisco, California 94132
Shelf location: For current information on the location of these
materials, please consult the Center's online catalog.
Collection is open for research.
Copyright has not been assigned to the Labor Archives & Research Center. All requests for
permission to publish or quote from materials must be submitted in writing
to the Director of the Archives. Permission for publication is given on behalf
of the Labor Archives & Research Center as the owner of the physical items and is not intended
to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be
obtained by the reader.
[Identification of item], Institute of Industrial Relations. University of California, Berkeley Records, 1990/081, Labor Archives
& Research Center,
San Francisco State University.
This collection was donated to the Labor Archives and Research Center by the Institute of Industrial Relations, University
of California, Berkeley, on November 6, 1990, and was processed by Carol Cuénod in 1995.
These records represent the diverse interests of the Institute of Industrial Relations and include arbitrations, records of
employer associations, union publications, and a series of pamphlets from the Institute for Science and Labour in Japan. Many
documents are stamped "Division of Industrial Relations, Graduate School of Business" (Stanford University). Paul Eliel was
its director from 1936 until 1947 and his career is documented in these files.
Paul Eliel was a management consultant, arbitrator and educator in California. From 1920 to 1936, he served as Director of
Industrial Relations for the Industrial Association of San Francisco; from 1936 to 1947, he became a professor of industrial
relations and director of the Division of Industrial Relations at Stanford University. A major component of his career during
these years was his work as a labor arbitrator. Also significant was his service as chairman of the Pacific Coast Maritime
Industry Board--a tripartite body that oversaw labor relations in the longshore industry during World War II. After Eliel
left Stanford in 1947, and until his death in 1953, he was a management consultant to some of the largest corporations in
The Industrial Association of San Francisco (IASF), the Pacific Coast Maritime Industry Board, and Eliel's service as an arbitrator
are most represented in this collection. The IASF was organized in 1921 to represent the business community in its fight against
unionization and labor's drive for the "closed shop." To this end, it actively promoted "The American Plan," which sought
to outlaw the "closed shop" or "union shop." The IASF played a pivotal role in the 1934 Pacific Coast Maritime Strike aligning
the Bay Area business community in support of the shipping and stevedoring companies represented by the Waterfront Employers
Association. It was the IASF which spearheaded the drive to "Open the Port" which led to the strikes most brutal conflict.
In 1934, Eliel wrote
The Waterfront and General Strike, San Francisco, 1 934 which was published by the IASF.
Other sections of this collection do not bear the stamp of Stanford's Graduate School of Business; it is assumed they were
collected by the Institute of Industrial Relations from other sources.
Scope and Content
The collection includes arbitration files of Eliel's work as well as files of many other arbitrators, particularly those of
Paul Sinsheimer. Documents from these arbitrations cover the years 1917 to 1949. Many of the arbitrated disputes included
strikes so there is material in the series on strikes which deals with some of the same events. Both series have a significant
number of cases from the maritime industry. Other series dealing with maritime labor relations are Series IV: Employer Associations
which contains material on the Industrial Association of San Francisco and the Waterfront Employers Association.
The material on the Industrial Ass'n of San Francisco dates from the year it was formed in 1921. There are files on employer
complaints, a contract for strikebreakers, articles on economic conditions in San Francisco (1925 and 1934), correspondence
and publications. The Waterfront Employers Ass'n files hold correspondence, publications, pamphlets, and agreements with various
longshoremen's and seamen's unions. A researcher of maritime labor relations is advised to look at each of these series. A
single document on the San Francisco Employers Council holds a draft proposal addressed to Roger Lapham, 1938, on how to structure
Material from unions includes pamphlets from CIO unions published in the late 1940s, and two scrapbooks of clippings: one
of articles covering labor in California, 1937 - 1941, (Series VI); the second reports organizing in Hawaii, 1937 - 1938,
Two significant parts of this collection are 29 studies from the Institute of Labour and Science (Japan) which deal with a
different aspect of workers' lives, 1931 - 1935. (See the list of titles in the Box/Folder List.) The second is a survey of
the pulp and paper industry commissioned by the employer association and two union. It was prepared by the Pacific Coast Labor
Bureau (Melnikof) in 1936 with supplements for 1937, 1939 and 1940.