Scope and Content
Title: Herbert Aptheker Papers,
Date (inclusive): 1842-1999, (bulk 1934-1994)
Collection number: Special Collections M1032
Stanford University. Libraries. Dept. of Special Collections and University Archives.
Property rights reside with the repository. Literary rights reside with the creators of the documents or their heirs. To obtain
permission to publish or reproduce, please contact the Public Services Librarian of the Dept. of Special Collections.
Purchased, 1998 and 2000.
[Identification of item], Herbert Aptheker Papers, M1032, Dept. of Special Collections, Stanford University Libraries, Stanford,
Dr. Herbert Aptheker, historian and lecturer, was born in Brooklyn, New York, on July 31, 1915 to Benjamin and Rebecca (Komar)
Aptheker. He married Fay Aptheker on Sept. 4, 1942; they had one daughter, Bettina Aptheker, an author and historian in her
own right. Aptheker received his B.S. in 1936, an A.M. in 1937, and his Ph.D. in 1943, all from Columbia University. He also
holds a Ph.D. (honorary) from Martin Luther U., Halle, Germany , 1966 and a DHL (honorary), University of Massachusetts, 1996.
He edited Masses and Mainstream from 1948 through 1952 and Political Affairs from 1952 through 1963. He was director of the
American Institute for Marxist Studies, New York City, from 1964-1985. He was a professor at Hostos Community College, CUNY,
1971-1977, and has lectured extensively throughout the United States and Europe from 1941 through the present. He was a visiting
lecturer in the Department of History at Bryn Mawr College, 1969-1971; in addition, he was a visiting lecturer at University
of Massachusetts from 1971-1972, Yale University, 1976, University of California at Berkeley Law School, 1978-1991, University
of Santa Clara, 1982-1983; and a visiting professor of Afro-American Studies at University of California at Berkeley, 1984.
He has written and published extensively, and is the author of To Be Free : Studies in American Negro History, 1948, rev.
ed. 1992, World of C. Wright Mills, 1960, Soul of the Republic, 1964, Negro Slave Revolts in the United States, 1939, Negro
in the Civil War, 1938, Nat Turner's Slave Rebellion, 1966, Mission to Hanoi, 1966, Labor Movement in the South During Slavery,
1954, The Truth about Hungary, 1957, The Nature of Democracy, Freedom, and Revolution, 1967, History of the American People,
3 vols., 1959, 1960, Essays in the History of the American Negro, rev. edit., 1964, Era of McCarthyism, 1955, Dare We Be Free?,
1960, American Foreign Policy and the Cold War, 1962, American Negro Slave Revolts, 1943, rev. edit., 1963, 1993, American
Civil War, 1961, Urgency of Marxist-Christian Dialogue, 1970, Afro-American History : the Modern Era, 1971, Annotated Bibliography
of the Published Writings of W.E.B. Du Bois, 1973, Early Years of the Republic, 1783-1793, 1976, The Unfolding Drama : Studies
in U.S. History, 1979, Racism, Imperialism, and Peace, 1987, Abolitionism : A Revolutionary Movement, 1989, The Literary Legacy
of W.E.B. Du Bois, 1989, Marxism : Demise or Renewal, 1990, Anti-Racism in U.S. History, 1992.
In addition to these original writings, he has edited numerous works, including Disarmament and American Economy, 1960, One
Continual Cry, 1965, Marxism and Democracy, 1964, And Why Not Every Man, 1961, Marxism and Alienation, 1965, Documentary History
of the Negro People in the United States, Vols. 1-7, 1951-1994, Marxism and Christianity, 1967, Autobiography of W.E.B. Du
Bois, 1968, The Correspondence of W.E.B. Du Bois, Vol. I, 1973, Vol. II, 1976, Vol. III, 1978, The Published Writings of W.E.B.
Du Bois, 40 vols., 1973-1986, Education for Black People (Du Bois), 1973, Prayers for Black Folk (Du Bois), 1980, Against
Racism : 1887-1961 (Du Bois), 1985.
Aptheker ran for the U.S. Congress in 1966 as the Independent Peace candidate; he also ran for the U.S. Senate in 1976 as
the Communist Party candidate. He served to major F.A. AUS, 1942-1946, ETO.
He served as a Guggenheim Fellow from 1946 to1947, and he received grants from the Social Science Research Council, 1961,
the Rabinowitz Foundation, 1965, and the American Council of Learned Studies, 1974. He holds memberships in the American Historical
Association and the Association for the Study of Negro Life, which awarded him its History Award in 1939 and 1969.
Scope and Content
The collection contains Herbert Aptheker's professional correspondence with other academics, Marxist scholars, as well as
his correspondence from his presidency of AIMS [The American Institute of Marxist Studies] with people interested in Marxism
; manuscripts, printed articles, and books written by Aptheker; family correspondence and information on the Aptheker family
in general and Bettina Aptheker in particular; the research files and manuscripts belonging at one time to W.E.B. Du Bois
and given to Aptheker at the time that Du Bois moved to Ghana in the early 1960's; and the manuscripts and supporting documents
related to A DOCUMENTARY HISTORY OF THE NEGRO IN THE UNITED STATES, Vols. 1-7.
Washington, Booker T.
American Institute for Marxist Studies