Jump to Content

Collection Guide
Collection Title:
Collection Number:
Get Items:
Finding Aid to the John Galen Howard Pictorial Collection, 1885-1920
BANC PIC 1967.016-1967.018  
View entire collection guide What's This?
PDF (130.61 Kb) HTML
Search this collection
Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Collection Summary
  • Information for Researchers
  • Administrative Information
  • Biographical Note
  • Scope and Contents Note
  • Project Index (Alphabetical by Client/Project Name)

  • Collection Summary

    Collection Title: John Galen Howard Pictorial Collection
    Date (inclusive): 1885-1920
    Collection Number: BANC PIC 1967.016-1967.018
    Creator: Howard, John Galen, 1864-1931
    Extent: circa 235 photographic prints, circa 65 drawings, 10 negatives and 1 Sketchbook.
    Repository: The Bancroft Library.
    Berkeley, California 94720-6000
    Abstract: The John Galen Howard Pictorial Collection contains personal papers, including photographs and sketches of Howard and his wife, Mary Robertson Bradbury; and project records, including photographs from various commercial, religious, educational, and residential projects in California, Washington, New York and Massachusetts.
    Physical Location: Many of the Bancroft Library collections are stored offsite and advance notice may be required for use. For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.
    Languages Represented: Collection materials are in English .

    Information for Researchers

    Access

    Collection is open for research.

    Publication Rights

    All requests to reproduce, publish, quote from or otherwise use collection materials must be submitted in writing to the Head of Public Services, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley, 94270-6000. Consent is given on behalf of The Bancroft Library as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission from the copyright owner. Such permission must be obtained from the copyright owner. See: http://bancroft.berkeley.edu/reference/permissions.html .
    Restrictions also apply to digital representations of the original materials. Use of digital files is restricted to research and educational purposes.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], John Galen Howard Pictorial Collection, BANC PIC 1967.016-1967.018, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.

    Microfilm

    Microfilm duplicating selected photographs from the collection is available at the following repositories:
    • Contributing Institution: The Bancroft Library:
      Identifier/Call Number: BANC FILM 2554
    • Contributing Institution: Environmental Design Library:
      Identifier/Call Number: MICROFILM 78314 NA

    Related Material

    Title: Howard, John Galen Collection, (1955-4),
    Environmental Design Archives, University of California, Berkeley.
    Title: Howard, John Galen collection of progress photographs ca. 1905-1910,
    (f308xH849pr) University Archives, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.
    Title: Howard, John Galen Papers, 1874-1954 (bulk 1888-1931).
    (BANC MSS 67/35 c) The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.
    Title: Architectural Drawings of University of California Buildings,
    (CU-402) University Archives, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.
    Howard, John Galen,
    Title: Sketches of buildings, etc., for the University of California, Berkeley 1904.
    (CU-402.1) University Archives, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley
    Title: Hearst, Phoebe Architectural Plan for the University of California. Competition Drawings. circa 1897-1898.
    (CU-403) University Archives, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.
    Title: Inventory of the Specifications, Contracts, and Bids for Construction of University of California, Berkeley, Buildings, 1896-[ongoing],
    (CU-13) University Archives, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.
    Title: Records of the President of the University of California,
    (CU-5) University Archives, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.
    Title: Records of the Regents of the University of California, 1896-1933,
    (CU-1) University Archives, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.
    Title: Views of Campus Buildings,
    University Archives Pictorial Collection, (UARC PIC) University Archives, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley
    Hearst, Phoebe,
    Title: Correspondence concerning the Phoebe Hearst Architectural Plan for the University of California, 1896 Oct 22-23.
    (308gh.cor) University Archives, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.
    Title: Hearst, Phoebe Architectural Plan for the University of California. Concours Phoebe A. Hearst pour les plans de reconstruction de l'universite. 1er prix. Projet de E. Bernard.
    (ff308gh.u, ff308gh.u.1900, ff308gh.u.pah) University Archives, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.
    Title: Galloway, John Debo Papers,
    (GALLOWAY), The Water Resources Center Archives, University of California, Berkeley.
    Title: Galloway, John Debo Papers, 1920-1940
    (67/40 c) The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.
    Title: Alaska Yukon Pacific Exposition Collection,
    University Libraries, University of Washington, Special Collections, http://content.lib.washington.edu/aype/index.html 

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
    Architecture--United States--Pictorial works
    Architecture, Domestic--California--San Francisco Bay Area--Photographs
    Church buildings--California--San Francisco Bay Area--Photographs
    Commercial buildings--Photographs
    Schools--California--Photographs
    Architectural drawings.
    Architectural photographs.
    Drawings.
    Howard, John Galen, 1864-1931. John Galen Howard papers
    Moulin, Gabriel, 1872-1945

    Administrative Information

    Processing Information

    Processed by Elizabeth Konzak and completed in October 2000.

    Biographical Note

    John Galen Howard was born May 8, 1864 in Chelmsford, Massachusetts. He began his architectural education at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, the nation's only architectural program at the time, although he left in 1885 before completing his degree. He apprenticed himself to Henry Hobson Richardson in Brookline, Massachusetts, gaining a practical knowledge of drafting. After Richardson's death he left the firm and went to Los Angeles where he worked with the firms Caulkin & Hass, and James M. Wood. Unhappy with the prospects in Los Angeles after a year, Howard left to tour Europe in 1888. Returning to the United States, he went to work for McKim, Mead & White, first in Boston then in New York. Encouraged by the partners of the firm, who offered financial assistance, Howard left for Paris to attend the Ecole des Beaux-Arts from 1890 to 1893. Although he left shortly before completing the training, he brought the tradition and style of the Ecole des Beaux-Arts back to the United States.
    In 1893 Howard married Mary Robertson Bradbury, starting a family of five including Henry Temple (1894), Robert Boardman (1896), Charles Houghton (1899), John Langley (1902), and Jeanette (1905). Howard opened a private practice in 1895 with Samuel Cauldwell in New York. The partners built residential and commercial buildings in New York and New Jersey. In 1898, Howard & Cauldwell entered the Phoebe Hearst International Competition for the plan for the University of California in Berkeley. Emile Bénard won the competition, however, he did not wish to leave Paris for Berkeley. Howard, whose entry with Cauldwell came in fourth place, was appointed to the Advisory Board of Architects for the Perpetuation of the Phoebe Hearst Architectural Plan for the University of California. Phoebe Hearst hired Howard to design the Hearst Mining Building, sending him on a tour of Europe in 1900 to study University buildings, particularly those relating to mining. Because Bénard proved too difficult for the Regents to work with, President Wheeler, a strong supporter of Howard's talents, offered Howard the position of Supervising Architect of the University in 1901. The Howards moved to California in 1902. In 1903, the University of California provided funding for a department of architecture. Howard was appointed professor at the new school, and settled into life in the Bay Area.
    Because of Howard's work on the University, he soon had a growing private practice. In 1906 he opened an office in San Francisco in partnership with engineer John Debo Galloway. He was also an advisory member of the Reconstruction Committee of San Francisco after the 1906 earthquake. Away from his work at the University, Howard was the supervising architect for the 1909 Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition in Seattle. Howard was also involved with the Panama-Pacific Exhibition of 1915 in San Francisco. He was a member of the Exposition advisory committee as well as a member of the board that supervised the plan for the San Francisco Civic Center. He also designed the San Francisco Civic Auditorium for the Exposition. Howard also designed a variety of residential and commercial buildings in Berkeley and San Francisco.
    In 1913 Howard was appointed Director of the School of Architecture at the University. In his capacity as Supervising Architect for the University, Howard completed the Hearst Memorial Mining Building, the Greek Theater, Boalt Hall, California Hall, Agriculture Hall, the University Library, the Sather Tower (known as the Campanile), Sather Gate, Wheeler Hall, Hilgard Hall, Gilman Hall, Hesse Hall, Le Conte Hall and Haviland Hall, thoroughly adapting the Phoebe Hearst Architectural plan to display his preferred designs.
    In 1917, Howard took a sabbatical to live and write poetry in Carmel, California. In 1918, he went on "war leave" to Europe. There he helped establish the American Expeditionary Forces University, which was intended to educate soldiers as they awaited transport home. Returning in 1919, he found the University reluctant to spend money and saw his authority as Supervising Architect start to deteriorate. Howard was officially dismissed by the Regents of the University in 1924, and in 1926 resigned as Director of the School of Architecture. He and his wife, Mary Robertson Bradbury, moved to San Francisco, residing on Russian Hill, where Howard continued to write and publish his own poetry. He died suddenly from a heart attack in 1931.

    Note

    Sources:

    • Partridge, Loren, John Galen Howard and the Berkeley Campus: Beaux-Arts Architecture in the "Athens of the West," Berkeley Architectural Heritage Association, 1978.
    • Moss, Stacey, The Howards: First Family of Bay Area Modernism, The Oakland Museum, Oakland, CA 1988.

    Scope and Contents Note

    The John Galen Howard Pictorial Collection was transferred from the John Galen Howard Papers of the Bancroft Manuscript collection (BANC MSS 67/35 c). The collection contains two series. The Personal Papers include personal photographs and sketches of Howard and his wife, Mary Robertson Bradbury. The Project Records contain photographs from various commercial, religious, educational, and residential projects in California, Washington, New York and Massachusetts, including buildings for Mason McDuffie, the Continental Building, the Alaska Yukon Pacific Exposition, and the Majestic Theater. The project records also include an album of project photographs.

    Project Index (Alphabetical by Client/Project Name)

    The following is a list of architectural projects from the John Galen Howard Pictorial Collection. For instructions on interpreting the Project Index, see The Guide to the Project Index at http://www.ced.berkeley.edu/cedarchives/pindex/guide.htm .
    The Project Index list is arranged alphabetically by Project/Client Name and contains information, where available, about the location, date, project type, collaborators, and formats for each project in the collection.
    Project/ Client Name Date(s) Location Project Type Collaborator/ Role Format Call No. Microfilm
    Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition 1909 Seattle, WA exposition Galloway, J. (engineer) Photograph 1967.016.30--PIC (9 items) selection
    Berkeley National Bank (University Savings Bank) 1907-1908 Berkeley, CA commercial Galloway, J. (engineer) Photograph 1967.016.02--PIC (1 item) none
    Berkeley Public Library 1903 Berkeley, CA educational   Photograph 1967.016.10--AX (2 items); 1967.016.01--PIC #70 none
    Central Park Shelter undated New York, NY recreational   Photograph 1967.016.34--PIC #2 none
    Church of Christ Scientist, First 1905-1906 San Francisco, CA religious   Photograph 1967.016.23--AX (2 items) none
    Claremont Court Entrance Gates [see Mason McDuffie Company] 1905 Berkeley, CA residential Galloway, J. (engineer)      
    Clark W. Campbell 1900 Newark, NJ residential Cauldwell & Morgan (architects) Photograph 1967.016.34--PIC #1 none
    Continental Building (Grant, Joseph) 1908 San Francisco, CA commercial Galloway, J. (engineer) Photograph 1967.016.22--PIC (2 items) selection
    Easton Company 1907 San Francisco, CA commercial Galloway, J. (engineer) Photograph 1967.016.01--PIC #73 none
    Emerson School 1912 Oakland, CA educational Donovan, J. (supervising architect) Photograph 1967.016.18--PIC (3 items); 1967.016.01--PIC #78-83 none
    Essex Hotel (Kinney, Francis S.) 1900 New York, NY commercial Cauldwell, S. (architect) Photograph 1967.016.17--PIC (3 items); 1967.016.17--AX (1 item) selection
    First Congregational Church undated Oakland, CA religious   Photograph 1967.016.19--PIC (14 items) selection
    First National Bank 1903, 1909, 1917 Berkeley, CA commercial   Photograph 1967.016.06--PIC (1 item); 1967.016.01--PIC #56-58 none
    Gates, Decorative Iorn undated unknown furnishings   Photograph 1967.016.34--PIC #4-5 none
    George Washington Memorial Hall Competition undated unknown governmental   Photograph 1967.016.01--PIC #95-97 selection
    Grant, Adam (Murphy & Grant Co.) 1907-1908 San Francisco, CA commercial Galloway, J. (engineer) Photograph 1967.016.20--PIC (2 items); 1967.016.01--PIC #84 none
    Grant, Joseph [see Continental Building] 1908 San Francisco, CA commercial Galloway, J. (engineer)      
    Gregory, Warren circa 1912 Berkeley, CA residential   Photograph 1967.016.07--PIC (2 items); 1967.016.01--PIC #42 selection
    Hilgard Apartments 1912 Berkeley, CA residential-multi   Photograph 1967.016.05--PIC (5 items); 1967.016.01--PIC #54-55 selection
    Hollister Hotel (unbuilt) undated Hollister, CA commercial   Photograph 1967.016.15--PIC (1 item) none
    Howard, John Galen 1904-1906 Berkeley, CA residential   Photograph 1967.015.08--PIC (4 items) none
    Italian American Bank 1907 San Francisco, CA commercial   Photograph 1967.016.25--PIC (1 item) none
    King, D.H., Jr., Hotel undated New York, NY residential Cauldwell, S. (architect) Drawing 1967.018.08-PIC (1 item) selection
    Kinney, Francis S. [see Essex Hotel] 1900 New York, NY commercial Cauldwell, S. (architect)      
    Lassen Union High School 1920 Susanville, CA educational Taylor, R. (architect) Photograph 1967.016.32--PIC (1 item) none
    Levi Strauss Realty Co., #2 circa 1907 San Francisco, CA commercial   Photograph 1967.016.26--PIC (1 item); 1967.016.01--PIC #65 none
    Majestic Theater 1903 Boston, MA recreational Wood, J. (architect) Photograph 1967.016.13--PIC (5 items); 1967.016.13-B (8 items) selection
    Mason McDuffie Company: Claremont Court Entrance Gates 1905 Berkeley, CA residential Galloway, J. (engineer) Photograph 1967.016.03--PIC (1 item) none
    Mason McDuffie Company: Northbrae Properties 1910-1914 Berkeley, CA residential   Photograph 1967.016.01--PIC #26-30 none
    Mason McDuffie Company: Saint Francis Wood [see Saint Francis Wood, entrance & gates] 1912 San Francisco, CA residential        
    McDuffie, Duncan, estate 1909-1914 Berkeley, CA residential   Photograph 1967.016.04--PIC (2 items); 1967.016.09--PIC (9 items); 1967.016.01--PIC #4, 7-10 selection
    McDuffie, Duncan, stores 1909 Berkeley, CA commercial   Photograph 1967.016.01--PIC #72 none
    Northbrae Properties [see Mason McDuffie Company] 1910-1914 Berkeley, CA commercial        
    Panama Pacific International Exposition: Auditorium (San Francisco Civic Auditorium) 1912-1913 San Francisco, CA cultural Meyer & Reid (architects) Photograph 1967.016.21--PIC (4 items) none
    Pan-Pacific Exposition: Tower of Jewels 1901 Buffalo, NY exposition Cauldwell & Morgan (architects) Photograph 1967.016.14--PIC (1 item); 1967.016.14-B (1 item) selection
    Pierce-Arrow 1912 San Francisco, CA commercial   Photograph 1967.016.27--PIC (2 items); 1967.016.01--PIC #59-63 selection
    Princeton University: Gymnasium undated Princeton, NJ educational   Photograph 1967.016.34--PIC #8 none
    Princeton University: Memorial Gate undated Princeton, NJ educational   Photograph 1967.016.34--PIC #3 none
    Richfield School House 1913 Richfield, CA educational   Photograph 1967.016.33--PIC (1 item) none
    Saint Francis Wood, entrance & gates (Mason McDuffie Company) 1912 San Francisco, CA residential   Photograph 1967.016.28--PIC (6 items); 1967.016.28-B (2 items); 1967.016.01--PIC #12-24 selection
    Shepard, F.L. and E. 1912 Berkeley, CA residential   Photograph 1967.016.11--PIC; 1967.016.01--PIC #35-37 none
    South Berkeley Bank 1906-1908 Berkeley, CA commercial   Photograph 1967.016.01--PIC #67 none
    Sprague, Lucy 1905-1906 Berkeley, CA residential   Photograph 1967.016.01--PIC #38-39 none
    Spreckels, Claus: Market & Eddy (Eddy Building) 1908-1909 San Francisco, CA commercial Galloway, J. (engineer) Photograph 1967.016.01--PIC #71 none
    Spreckels, Claus: Market & Fremont (Fremont Building) 1907 San Francisco, CA commercial Galloway, J. (engineer) Photograph 1967.016.01--PIC #70 none
    Susanville Grammar School 1920 Susanville, CA educational Taylor, R. (architect) Photograph 1967.016.31--PIC (1 item) none
    Tevis Memorial, Cypress Lawn Cemetery 1902 San Francisco, CA funerary   Photograph 1967.016.29--PIC (3 items) none
    Tod, W. Stewart undated unknown residential Cauldwell, S. (architect) Drawing 1967.018.09--C (1 item) all
    Trinity Methodist Church (unbuilt) undated Berkeley, CA religious   Photograph 1967.016.12--AX (1 item) none
    Unidentified Auditorium undated unknown     Photograph 1967.016.24--PIC (1 item)  
    Unidentified Building undated unknown commercial   Photograph 1967.016.01--PIC #68 none
    Unidentified Exteriors undated unknown unknown   Photograph 1967.016.34--PIC #6-7 none
    Unidentified Fireplaces undated unknown residential   Photograph 1967.016.01--PIC #47-48 none
    Union Oil Company 1920 Los Angeles, CA commercial   Photograph 1967.016.16--PIC (14 items); 1967.016.16--AX (1 item) none
    United States Subtreasury Building undated San Francisco, CA governmental   Photograph 1967.016.01--PIC #90-94 none
    University of Calfiornia: Hearst Mining Building undated Berkeley, CA educational   Drawing 1967.018.10--B (1 item); 1967.018.11--B (1 item) all
    University Savings Bank [see Berkeley National Bank] 1908 Berkeley, CA commercial Galloway, J. (engineer)