Jump to Content

Collection Guide
Collection Title:
Collection Number:
Get Items:
Register of the Charles F. Darlington papers
86032  
No online items No online items
View entire collection guide What's This?
PDF (146.77 Kb) HTML
Search this collection
Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Acquisition Information
  • Accruals
  • Biographical Note
  • Scope and Content of Collection

  • Title: Charles F. Darlington papers
    Date (inclusive): 1924-1985
    Collection Number: 86032
    Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
    Language of Material: English
    Physical Description: 11 manuscript boxes (4.6 linear feet)
    Abstract: Memoirs, speeches and writings, correspondence, memoranda, printed matter, and photographs relating to American-Gabonese relations, the organizing conference of the United Nations, American foreign trade policy, international currency exchange activities of the League of Nations, the oil industry in the Middle East, and Democratic Party politics, especially during the 1956 and 1960 presidential elections.
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
    Creator: Darlington, Charles F. (Charles Francis), 1904-1986.

    Access

    Collection is open for research.
    The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Charles F. Darlington papers, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1986.

    Accruals

    Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

    Biographical Note

    Charles Francis Darlington was an American businessman, diplomat, and economist who held several notable positions throughout his career. After graduating from Harvard in 1926, he served as a gold expert and currency specialist in the economic and financial section of the League of Nations from 1928 to 1931, followed by a position as financial advisor with the Bank for International Settlements in Basel.
    In 1935, Darlington returned to the U.S. and became assistant chief of the Division of Trade Agreements under Secretary of State Cordell Hull. He also served as a lieutenant commander in the Navy during the Second World War. From May to June,1945, Darlington was secretary of the Steering, Executive, and Coordination Committee of the San Francisco Conference of the United Nations, where he helped draft the organization's charter. He stands as one of only a handful of Americans to be involved with both the United Nations and the League of Nations. In 1945, Darlington left his job with the government for a brief post with the General Motors Corporation, followed by a position with the Socony Vacuum (now Exxon Mobil) Oil Corporation, the latter of which involved negotiating contracts for the oil industry in the Middle East.
    By 1956, Darlington had reduced his time working overseas with Mobil to become involved with the Westchester County Democratic Committee. Darlington's political involvement through Westchester included an unsuccessful bid for Bedford County Supervisor in 1956, as well as positions on numerous election committees in New York for both Adlai Stevenson and John F. Kennedy in the 1956 and 1960 presidential elections, respectively. Darlington was also a published author and wrote a number of articles for the New York Times in addition to drafts of speeches for both Stevenson and Kennedy.
    In 1961, President Kennedy appointed Darlington U.S. Ambassador to Gabon, where he served until his retirement from the State Department in 1965. Darlington's experiences in Gabon, as well as his account of the 1964 coup d'etat against President Leon Mba, were published in a book co-authored with his wife, Alice, African Betrayal (1968).

    Scope and Content of Collection

    The Charles F. Darlington papers contain photographs, speeches and writings, correspondence, memoranda, and printed matter relating to American-Gabonese relations, the organizing conference of the United Nations, American foreign trade policy, international currency exchange activities of the League of Nations, the oil industry in the Middle East, and Democratic Party politics, especially the 1956 and 1960 presidential elections. Notable persons featured in the correspondence include: Eleanor Roosevelt, Adlai E. Stevenson, Walter Lippmann, Dean Acheson, John F. Kennedy, Albert Schweitzer, and Leon Mba. The collection is notable not only for its scope and content, but also for the existing organizational structure provided by Darlington. All series, organizational hierarchies, and folders maintain their original order and titles when possible. Handwritten notes by Darlington found in various folders also detail the scope of the material and his assessment of its historical value.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Democratic Party (U.S.)
    League of Nations.
    United States. Dept. of State.
    Currency question.
    Diplomats--United States.
    Gabon--Foreign relations--United States.
    Petroleum industry and trade--Middle East.
    Presidents--United States--Election--1956
    Presidents--United States--Election--1960.
    United States--Commerce.
    United States--Foreign relations--Gabon.