Jump to Content

Collection Guide
Collection Title:
Collection Number:
Get Items:
Flaherty (John M.) Collection of Japanese Internment Records
MSS.2006.05.02  
View entire collection guide What's This?
PDF (65.52 Kb) HTML
Search this collection
Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Processing Information
  • Biography / Administrative History
  • Related Material
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Arrangement

  • Language of Material: English
    Contributing Institution: SJSU Special Collections & Archives
    Title: John M. Flaherty Collection of Japanese Internment Records
    source: Flaherty, John Melvin, Jr.
    Identifier/Call Number: MSS.2006.05.02
    Physical Description: 6 boxes (9 linear feet)
    Date (bulk): 1921-1966 (bulk 1942)
    Abstract: This collection consists of documents and photographs relating to the establishment and administrative workings of the Western Defense Command (WDC), the War Relocation Authority (WRA) and the Wartime Civilian Control Administration (WCCA) for the year 1942. It includes administrative policies, orders, manuals, correspondence, statistics, posters, photographs and newspaper clippings. Though the materials collected cover 1921-1966, the bulk of this collection documents the activities of 1942.

    Access

    Collection is open for research.

    Publication Rights

    Copyright has not been assigned to the San José State University Library Special Collections & Archives. All requests for permission to publish or quote manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Director of Special Collections. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the Special Collections & Archives as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the reader. Copyright restrictions also apply to digital representations of the original materials. Use of digital files from or derived from these collections is restricted to research and educational purposes.

    Preferred Citation

    John M. Flaherty Collection of Japanese Internment Records, MSS-2006-05-02, San José State University Library, Special Collections & Archives.

    Processing Information

    Processing and guide prepared by Russell Rader, reviewed by Danelle Moon. Guide encoded by Russell Rader, 2006

    Biography / Administrative History

    On February 19, 1942 President Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066 providing broad powers for the War Department to create exclusion zones and to initiate an evacuation program for the Western Defense Command (WDC). Under the leadership of General John Dewitt of the WDC, the Civil Affairs Division (CAD) and the Wartime Civil Control Administration (WCCA) were created in order to provide for the transition of voluntary evacuees, enemy aliens and United States citizens alike, from exclusion areas to other parts of the country. The failure of the voluntary evacuation plan led President Roosevelt to issue Executive Order 9102, which established the civilian run War Relocation Authority (WRA). The WRA was mandated to institute enforced evacuations. Due to the recalcitrance of states on the interior of the country to accept the Japanese evacuees or to provide for their safety, the WRA also constructed internment centers in order to house the evacuees. Between 1942-1945 the WRA, the WCCA, the CAD and the Office of the Commanding General of the Western Defense Command segregated and housed approximately 110,000 Japanese-American men, women and children.
    Though the initial exclusion plan put forth by General Dewitt included both German and Italian citizens, the Japanese Americans bore the brunt of Executive Order 9066.

    Related Material

    Willard E. Schmidt Papers, MSS-2007-08-01, San José State University Library Special Collections and Archives.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    This artificial collection consists of documents and photographs relating to the establishment and administrative workings of the Western Defense Command (WDC), the War Relocation Authority (WRA) and the Wartime Civilian Control Administration (WCCA) for the year 1942. It includes administrative policies, orders, manuals, correspondence, statistics, posters, photographs and newspaper clippings. The bulk of this collection documents the activities of 1942 but materials in series IV cover other time periods.

    Arrangement

    This collection is organized into five series: Series I. War Relocation Authority; Series II. Wartime Civilian Control Administration; Series III. Western Defense Command; Series IV. Printed Matter; and Series V. Japanese Internment Photograph Album.
    Within each series, folders have been given titles that often use abbreviations in place of full organizational names.

    Abbreviation List

    1. ATD: Alaska Travel Division
    2. CAD: Civil Affairs Division
    3. EOD: Evacuation Operations Division
    4. OCG: Office of the Commanding General
    5. SSB: Special Services Branch
    6. WCCA: Wartime Civilian Control Administration
    7. WDC: Western Defense Command
    8. WRA: War Relocation Authority

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    World War, 1939-1945 -- California
    Japanese Americans -- Evacuation and relocation -- 1942-1945
    World War, 1939-1945 -- Evacuation of civilians
    United States -- Army -- Western Defense Command
    United States -- Wartime Civil Control Administration
    United States -- War Relocation Authority
    Fullerton, Colonel Hugh T.
    Flaherty, John Melvin, Jr.