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Register of the Ernest William Darling Papers
47007  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Administrative Information
  • Biographical Note
  • Scope and Content Note
  • Indexing Terms

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Ernest William Darling papers,
    Date (inclusive): 1917-1960
    Collection number: 47007
    Creator: Darling, Ernest William, 1905-
    Extent: 9 manuscript boxes (3.7 linear feet)
    Repository: Hoover Institution on War, Revolution, and Peace
    Stanford, California 94305-6010
    Abstract: Writings, correspondence, memoranda, reports, pamphlets, leaflets, and clippings, relating to the communist movement, political conditions, labor, and housing in Great Britain.
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
    Language: English.

    Administrative Information

    Access

    Collection is open for research.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Ernest William Darling Papers, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired.

    Accruals

    Increments may have been received since this finding aid was prepared. Please check Stanford University's online catalog Socrates at http://library.stanford.edu/webcat  to find the full extent of the collection.

    Biographical Note

    1905 Born, London, England
    1919 Leaves school and starts working in a booksellers warehouse
    1921 Joins trade union
    1926 Participates in British General Strike and edits a strike bulletin
    1931-1936 Works on the staff of the New Fabian Research Bureau
    1932-1946 Active in the Communist Party of Great Britain as militant, branch secretary, and contributor to party publications
    1937-1939 Secretary to Legal Bureau, Hampstead Tenants' Defence League
    1939-1940 Works for British civil defense program
    1942-1943 Shop steward, Philco factory, London
    1946 Leaves Communist Party

    Scope and Content Note

    Acquired in 1947, with an increment added in 1981, the Ernest William Darling papers in the Hoover Institution Archives comprise a small but interesting collection of primary documents and printed matter, most of which pertain to the history of the Communist Party of Great Britain in the 1930s and 1940s. As such, these materials offer a glimpse into the organizational life of the party at a number of levels, from the central committee down to the local branch level, and they record both public campaigns and internal party debates during a period extending from the Depression through the end of World War II.
    Born into a working class family, Darling became politically involved at an early age, and his activism subsequently included roles as a trade union delegate, tenants' rights campaigner, and party militant. Materials relating to each of these activities are organized within separate files in the collection (see COMMUNIST PARTY OF GREAT BRITAIN ORGANIZATIONAL FILE, HAMPSTEAD TENANTS' DEFENCE LEAGUE FILE, and PHILCO SHOP STEWARDS FILE).
    While never a party theorist, Darling did write on a number of topics, with a special emphasis on issues of employment and housing (see SPEECHES AND WRITINGS series). A significant exchange of letters with the British Communist leader, Harry Pollitt, can be found in the CORRESPONDENCE series, and these letters enumerate the reasons that led Darling to leave the party in 1946. The PRINTED MATTER series contains a large number of pamphlets issued by the Communist Party of Great Britain, covering a wide variety of issues ranging from London municipal elections to international politics.

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the repository's online public access catalog.

    Subjects

    Communism.
    Communism--Great Britain.
    Housing--Great Britain.
    Labor unions--Great Britain.
    Great Britain.
    Great Britain--Politics and government--20th century.
    Communist Party of Great Britain.