Scope and Content of Collection
Title: Adam Holzwarth Anarchist Collection,
Date (inclusive): ca. 1909 -1929
Collection Number: Mss 48
.4 linear feet
(1 document box)
University of California, Santa Barbara. Library. Department of Special Collections
Santa Barbara, California 93106-9010
Physical Location: Del Sur
Copyright has not been assigned to the Department of Special Collections, UCSB. All requests for permission to publish or
quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Head of Special Collections. Permission for publication is given
on behalf of the Department of Special Collections as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply
permission of the copyright holder, which also must be obtained.
Adam Holzwarth Anarchist Collection. Mss 48. Department of Special Collections, Davidson Library, University of California,
Purchase, ca. 1969.
The little that is known about Adam Holzwarth is drawn from the material in the collection. Holzwarth apparently was an early
20th century anarchist who lived in Oregon (Hillsboro and Portland). He had a brother, Charles, and a wife, Mary (who appears
in the collection both as Mary Holzwarth and Mary Trautner). He and his wife were active supporters of Emma Goldman and Margaret
Sanger, and they kept in touch with others of similar political beliefs.
It does not appear that any of the Holzwarths were close friends or associates of Goldman, Sanger, or other major figures
of the time. In her autobiography,
Living My Life, Goldman briefly describes three visits to Portland. She mentions only a few people in connection with these trips; Adam
Holzwarth is not one of them. Judging from the material in this collection, he was one of the many who helped support the
movement by attending lectures and gatherings, subscribing to periodicals, purchasing books and pamphlets, and personally
spreading the word.
One of the most interesting letters from Goldman to Holzwarth is dated May 10, 1912 and is written from San Diego, giving
several directions for upcoming lectures and meetings in Portland. One part of the arrangement still needs to be discussed
with her manager, Ben Reitman, and Goldman writes, "He is not with me now, but I am going back to LA today and we'll talk
the matter over." It was on this trip to San Diego that Reitman was kidnapped and, with the complicity and encouragement of
the city's mayor and police chief, kicked, beaten, burned, and then tarred and feathered (news clippings in the collection
describe the incident). This letter may have been written from the hotel room in San Diego where Goldman was waiting to hear
Another item in the collection demonstrates the depth of Adam and Mary's personal commitment to the ideals of the movement.
This is their marriage contract, a document they drew up to confirm their union, which they refused on principle to legalize
with a license:
Portland, Oreg., Sept. 10th 1911.
We, Adam Holzwarth and Mary Trautner, believing in the right of each person to control their own lives and denying the right
of the State to tax for the privilege of getting married. Hereby agree to live together as husband and wife. And I, Adam Holzwarth
promise and agree, so help me God, to care of Mary Trautner and any children that may be born but shall be free to separate
unless our marriage can always be on mutual love and affection. And if she separates from me, never-the-less, I will help
care for her and any children. And I recognize her as my true wife.
Scope and Content of Collection
The collection contains two series: Correspondence and Ephemera.
Abbreviations used in the container list:
- Autographed Document Signed (in the hand of the author)
- Autographed Letter Unsigned
- Autographed Letter Signed
- Autographed Note Unsigned
- Autographed Note Signed
- no date
- Typed Letter Unsigned
- Typed Letter Signed
At UCSB Special Collections:
Mother Earth Publishing Association. Special Collections has a number of works published by Mother Earth, ca. 1907-1916. These
have been cataloged separately and can be searched on Pegasus, the UCSB Libraries online catalog.
Marie Stopes Birth Control Collection (Mss 122). Contains personal papers and correspondence, and birth control devices of
the British birth control advocate. Stopes (1880-1958), trained as a paleobotanist, also was a pioneer in family planning.
Also, numerous published works by Stopes.
Published works on birth control, radical movements, and related subjects are cataloged separately and can be searched on
Pegasus, the UCSB Libraries online catalog.
University of California, Berkeley. The Emma Goldman Papers Project has a website, detailing their work, at: http://sunsite.berkeley.edu/Goldman/