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Finding aid of the ONE Incorporated records, 1907-2001, bulk 1952-1994 Coll2011.001
Coll2011.001  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Administrative history
  • Timeline of events
  • Timeline of people
  • Arrangement note
  • Related Archival Materials note
  • Processing Information
  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Scope and Contents note
  • Custodial History note

  • Title: ONE Incorporated records
    Identifier/Call Number: Coll2011.001
    Contributing Institution: ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives, USC Libraries, University of Southern California
    Language of Material: English
    Physical Description: 88.1 linear feet. 96 boxes
    Date (bulk): Bulk, 1952-1994
    Date (inclusive): 1907-2001
    Abstract: The collection consists of the administrative records, publications, correspondence, divisional records, affiliate office records, and photographs of ONE Inc., 1907-2001, bulk 1952-1994. The records include annual reports, court records of ONE Inc. legal entanglements, complete runs of ONE Magazine and ONE Institute Quarterly: Homophile Studies, reader correspondence, submissions by writers and artists, ONE Institute course and reference files, the data and reports of internally conducted research projects, and photographs over the course W. Dorr Legg's stewardship of ONE Inc. from 1952 to 1994.
    creator: Erickson, Reed L., 1912-1992
    creator: Institute for the Study of Human Resources. ISHR.
    creator: Legg, W. Dorr, (William Dorr Legg), 1904-1994
    creator: ONE Inc.
    creator: ONE Institute of Homophile Studies.
    creator: Slater, Don, 1923-1997

    Administrative history

    ONE Inc. was founded in the last months of 1952, employed W. Dorr Legg as business manager in June 1953, and was officially incorporated by October 1953. The articles of incorporation declared that ONE Inc.'s primary goal was "to publish and disseminate a magazine dealing primarily with homosexuality from a scientific, historical and critical point of view, and to aid in the social integration and rehabilitation of the sexual variant." The publication of ONE Magazine, first released in January 1953, was the initial focus of the nascent corporation; however, the "General Purposes" section of the articles of incorporation listed the additional goals of education, research, and promoting integration. By the first available annual report in 1957, these purposes had developed into the major divisions of ONE Inc.: Publications, Education, Research, and Social Service. In 1968 the Commercial Division, also known as ONE Enterprises, was added to improve fundraising capacity, and in 1969 the Library Division. Although this organizational structure had largely disintegrated by the late 1970s, the functions of publishing, education, library services, and to a lesser degree research and social service, were maintained.
    Departments that provided administrative services at various times across ONE Inc.'s history include the Bureau of Public Information, the House and Hospitality Committee, Business and Accounting, and Public Relations. Other departments that briefly emerged from other division services include the Book Service and News Service. The ONE World Travel Club, although never designated as a department or division, nonetheless provided a consistent travel service for ONE Inc. for over twenty years. The Institute for the Study of Human Resources (ISHR) was established in 1964 largely to funnel tax-deductible funds to ONE Inc. activities. Satellite offices were established between 1965-1978 as an outreach service of ONE Inc. in Chicago, Detroit, Long Beach, New York, and Phoenix.
    Upon W. Dorr Legg's death in July 1994, the function of the organization shifted from an educational to an archives and library orientation. ONE Inc. and the International Gay and Lesbian Archives merged by the end of the year under the title of ONE Institute (since retitled the ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives). Although some services such as lectures, the newsletter, and library services were maintained after the merger, a significant enough break had occurred to collocate the records into two chapters of a long history. The records documented here refer to that first chapter, 1952-1994.

    Timeline of events

    The following timeline provides a brief survey of the significant events in the history of ONE Inc.
    October 1952: The topic of a homosexual magazine was first broached at a Los Angeles Mattachine meeting. This led to a series of increasingly dedicated discussions regarding the practicality, legality, and funding of the endeavor.
    November 1952: The name of ONE was proposed by Guy Rousseau (Bailey Whitaker) from a quotation by Thomas Carlyle: "A mystic bond of brotherhood makes all men one." At a follow-up meeting, the name of ONE Inc. was proposed and adopted by a board of three directors acting as officers of the corporation as required by California state law. Historical accounts list the three directors as Martin Block, Chairman; Don Slater, Vice-Chairman; and Dale Jennings, Secretary-Treasurer; although when the articles of incorporation were submitted on February 7, 1953, they were signed by Martin Block, Chairman; Tony Sanchez (Tony Reyes), Vice-Chairman; and Dale Jennings, Secretary-Treasurer. Corporation membership was set at nine people of which the first seven were Martin Block, Tony Reyes, Dale Jennings, Guy Rousseau, Merton Bird, Don Slater, and William Lambert (W. Dorr Legg). The additional two corporate members, Eve Elloree (Joan Corbin) and Ann Carll Reid (Irma "Corky" Wolf), were added in July 1953.
    December 1952: The first letters and subscriptions were received.
    January 1953: The first issue of ONE Magazine was published. Copies were sold hand-to-hand by staff members.
    February 1953: ONE Inc.'s articles of incorporation were filed with the state of California. Local bars Le Bouf, Windup, and Rendezvous agree to keep 50 copies of ONE Magazine on hand for sale to their customers.
    May 1953: ONE Inc.'s charter was granted by the state of California.
    June 1953: W. Dorr Legg was employed as the business manager, the corporation's first full-time employee.
    July 1953: Eve Elloree and Ann Carll Reid were added to the board. W. Dorr Legg became Chairman; Dale Jennings, Vice-Chairman; and Charles Rowland, Acting Corporation Secretary.
    August-September 1953: The Los Angeles postal authorities seized the August issue of ONE Magazine. Authorities released the issue three weeks later without explanation.
    October 1953: By-laws were completed, approved, and filed with the state of California.
    November 1953: ONE Inc. opened an office at 232 South Hill Street, Los Angeles, complete with a library and peer counseling services.
    1954: The Los Angeles postal authorities seized the October issue of ONE Magazine on charges of obscenity.
    ONE Inc. directors voted to conduct "a series of forums... dealing with scientific, philosophical, legal, and social questions pertaining to homosexuality." The forum became known as the Midwinter Institute.
    1955: The first Midwinter Institute convened.
    Eric Julber filed suit against Los Angeles Postmaster Otto K. Olesen for the seizure of the October 1954 issue of ONE Magazine.
    The play Game of Fools by James Barr was published.
    1956: The District Court upheld the obscenity charges of Postmaster Olesen.
    The ONE Confidential newsletter was released to ONE Inc. staff and members.
    The ONE Institute of Homophile Studies name was adopted and a board of trustees appointed. One week later the first course "An Introduction to Homophile Studies" began instruction.
    Homosexuals Today by William Lambert (W. Dorr Legg) was published.
    1957: The Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals upheld the obscenity charges of Postmaster Olesen.
    "A Study of the Civil Rights Status of Homosexuals under Existing Laws of Several States" was released.
    Dr. Evelyn Hooker's "The Adjustment of the Male Overt Homosexual" was released based on subjects supplied by ONE Inc. and the Mattachine Society.
    1958: The Supreme Court, without comment, reversed the decisions of the lower courts that ONE Magazine was obscene.
    The first ONE Institute Quarterly: Homophile Studies and ONE Book Service were released.
    1959: The Kevel was published.
    The ONE Inc. offices add a room allowing a great expansion of the library.
    1961: The first travel tour was put together but never enacted due to a dispute with Continental Travel.
    1962: ONE Inc. moved to 2256 Venice Boulevard, Los Angeles.
    1964: The first travel tour, a three-week guided excursion through Europe, was successfully completed.
    The Institute for the Study of Human Resources was established by Reed Erickson and W. Dorr Legg as a nonprofit affiliate of ONE Inc.
    1965: A breakaway group of ONE Inc. staff led by Don Slater secretly removed business records and furniture from ONE Inc., leading to a protracted legal dispute. Between May and August 1965 two separate ONE Magazines were published.
    The library was named the Baker Memorial Library after Dr. Blanche M. Baker.
    ONE in Detroit and ONE in Chicago were founded.
    1966: The first ONE Calendar announcing ONE Inc. events was released.
    ONE in New York was founded.
    1967: ONE Magazine ceased publication.
    The first annotated bibliography was published by W. Dorr Legg and Julian Underwood.
    ONE Inc. sponsors English gay rights activist Antony Gray on a lecture tour across the United States.
    1968: ONE Letter was released, replacing ONE Confidential.
    ONE Inc. took part in the effort to replace Los Angeles city councilman Paul Lamport with Bill Stevenson, the first known election in Los Angeles affected by gay and lesbian political activism.
    1969: "A Study of 388 North American Homosexual Males" was released.
    AE: The Open Persuader by Auctor Ignotus was published.
    ONE in Phoenix was founded.
    1970: ONE Institute Quarterly: Homophile Studies ceased publication.
    1972: ONE Magazine was re-released, but only lasted through four issues.
    Pat Rocco filmed the documentary ONE Adventure about a ONE Inc. travel tour with Troy Perry.
    1974: The Butterfly was first released.
    1976: An Annotated Bibliography of Homosexuality by Vern Bullough, W. Dorr Legg, Jim Kepner, and Barrett Elcano was published.
    1977: ONE in Long Beach was founded.
    1981: The California State Department of Education officially accredits ONE Institute of Homophile Studies as an advanced-degree program. The focus of ONE Inc. thereafter became the educational activities of ONE Institute.
    1982: The ONE thirty year celebration banquet brought together an unprecedented guest list of gay and lesbian activists.
    1983: ONE Inc. moved into the Milbank Mansion. A protracted legal dispute ensued with Reed Erickson contesting ownership of the property.
    1994: Homophile Studies in Theory and Practice by W. Dorr Legg was published.
    W. Dorr Legg dies.
    ONE Inc. merges with the International Gay and Lesbian Archvies.

    Timeline of people

    The timeline lists the individual names of those who have served as directors or in other capacities with ONE Inc., 1953-1994. Please note that this is not an exhaustive list of all people who participated in ONE Inc. in any given year.
    1953: Directors: Martin Block, Chairman; Tony Reyes, Vice Chairman; Dale Jennings, Secretary Treasurer. Others: Guy Rousseau (Baily Whittaker), Merton Bird, Don Slater, William Lambert ( W. Dorr Legg)), Eve Elloree (Joan Corbin), Ann Carll Reid (Irma “Corky” Wolf), Donald Webster Cory, Chuck Rowland, Jim Gruber, Eric Julber.
    1954: Directors: Dorr Legg, Irma Wolf, Dale Jennings. Others: Joan Corbin, Dale Jennings, Jim Kepner, Lois Mitchell (Lois Mercer), Chuck Rowland, Tony Reyes, James Barr, Julian Underwood (Woody), Wayne Dynes, Eric Julber.
    1955: Directors: Dorr Legg, Irma Wolf, Don Slater. Others: Chuck Thompson, Joan Corbin.
    1956: Directors: Dorr Legg, Irma Wolf, Don Slater. Education Planning Committee: Dorr Legg, Merritt Thompson, Jim Kepner, Julian Underwood. Others: Joan Corbin, Jim Kepner, Tony Reyes, Stella Rush, Fred Frisbie, Chet Samson, Merritt Thompson.
    1957: Directors: Don Slater, Jim Kepner, Dorr Legg (Secretary Treasurer). Others: Lois Mitchell, Stella Rush, Fred Frisbie, Chet Samson, Shelton Dewey (pseudonym James Barr).
    1958: Dorr Legg, Joan Corbin, Chet Samson, Julian Underwood, Don Slater, Jim Kepner, Fred Frisbie, Stella Rush, Tony Reyes, Don Plagman, Eric Julber, Lou Bonham, Dawn Frederick, Leslie Colfax (Jack Gibson).
    1959: Don Plagman, Jim Kepner, Dorr Legg, Leslie Colfax, Sten Russell, Don Slater, Lois Mitchell, Fred Frisbie.
    1960: Directors: Jim Kepner, Chairman; Dorr Legg, Vice Chairman; Don Slater, Secretary Treasurer. Others: Lois Mitchell, Sten Russell, Clarence Harrison, Don Plagman.
    1961: Directors: George Mortenson, Chairman; Don Slater, Vice Chairman; Dorr Legg, Secretary Treasurer. Others: Lois Mitchell, Don Slater, Alison Hunter, Eve Elloree, Sten Russell, Joe Aaron, Leslie Colfax.
    1962: Directors: George Mortenson, Chairman; Don Slater, Vice Chairman; Dorr Legg, Secretary Treasurer. Others: Lois Mitchell, Hal Schmoll, Joe Aaron, George Neal, Marcel Martin.
    1963: Directors: George Mortenson, Chairman; Don Slater, Vice Chairman; Dorr Legg, Secretary Treasurer. Others: Lois Mitchell, Morgan Farley, Joe Aaron, Leslie Colfax, George Neal, William Glover.
    1964: Directors: Joe Aaron (Joseph Weaver), Chairman; Dorr Legg, Vice Chairman; Monwell Boyfrank, Secretary Treasurer. Others: Lou Bonham, Joe Bush, James Schneider, W.E. Glover, Thelma Varga, George Neil, John Burnside.
    1965: Directors: Dorr Legg, Chairman; Lewis Bonham, Vice Chairman; Monwell Boyfrank, Secretary Treasurer. Others: Keith Dyer, Chuck Thompson, Gregory Carr, Robert Earl, William E. Glover, Jerry Hill, Bill Baker.
    1966: Directors: Dorr Legg, President; Lewis Bonham, Vice President; Monwell Boyfrank, Secretary Treasurer; Robert Earl, Chuck Thompson. Others: Lois Mitchell, Gregory Carr, Robert Earl, Harold Green, Julian Underwood, Ron Dean.
    1967: Directors: Dorr Legg, President; Lewis Bonham, Vice President; Monwell Boyfrank, Secretary Treasurer; Robert Earl, Chuck Thompson. Others: Julian Underwood, William Sutherland, Leslie Collins, Gregory Carr.
    1968: Directors: Lewis Bonham, President; Chuck Thompson, Vice President; Robert Earl, Secretary Treasurer; Monwell Boyfrank, Dorr Legg. Others: William Sutherland, Leslie Collins.
    1969: Directors: Robert Earl, President; Les Collins, Vice President; Dorr Legg, Secretary Treasurer; Joe Aaron; Bob Marks. Others: Lewis Bonham, Monwell Boyfrank Franz de Bretton, Reed Erickson, Harold Green, Ken Normand, Fred Selden, William Sutherland, Greg Carr, Chuck Thompson.
    1970: Directors: Robert Earl, President; Les Collins, Vice President; Dorr Legg, Secretary Treasurer; Joe Aaron; Bob Marks. Others: David Buchman, Franz de Bretton, Reed Erickson, Harold Green, Ralph Lucas, Ken Normand, Fred Selden, Rodney Hatfield, George Mortenson, Aileen Erickson.
    1971: Directors: Robert Earl, President; Bob Marks, Vice President; Eli H. Pomoh, Secretary Treasurer; Joe Gilgamesh; Dorr Legg. Others: John Bresee, David Buchman, Franz de Bretton, Reed Erickson, Fred Freedman, Harold Green, Fred Selden, Lewis Bonham, Gregg Carr, Fred Freedman.
    1972: Directors: Jim Kepner, President; Bob Marks, Vice President; John Bresee, Secretary Treasurer; Joe Gilgamesh; Dorr Legg. Others: David Buchman, Franz de Bretton, Robert Earl, Reed Erickson, Fred Freedman, Harold Green, Ron Longworth, Jim Muszalski, Eli H. Pomoh, Fred Selden, Roger Derr, Parker Hazen.
    1973: Directors: Jim Kepner, President; Bob Marks, Vice President; John Bresee, Secretary Treasurer; Joe Gilgamesh; Dorr Legg. Others: Les Akers, Howard Beck, Marty Butel, David Buchman, Reed Erickson, Fred Freedman, Harold Green, Foster Gunnison, Ron Longworth, Jim Muszalski, Eli H. Pomoh, Fred Selden, Frank Zerilli.
    1974: Directors: Bob Marks, President; Joe Gilgamesh, Vice President; John Bresee, Secretary Treasurer; Jim Kepner; Dorr Legg. Others: Les Akers, Howard Beck, David Buchman, Reed Erickson, Fred Freedman, Harold Green, Foster Gunnison, Ron Longworth, Jim Muszalski, Eli H. Pomoh, Fred Selden, Frank Zerilli, George Mortenson.
    1975: Directors: Bob Marks, President; Joe Gilgamesh, Vice President; John Bresee, Secretary Treasurer; Jim Kepner; Dorr Legg. Others: Les Akers, Howard Beck, David Buchman, Reed Erickson, Fred Freedman, Harold Green, Foster Gunnison, Ron Longworth, Jim Muszalski, Eli H. Pomoh, Fred Selden, Frank Zerilli, George Mortenson, Ron Aviano.
    1976: Directors: Bob Marks, President; Jim Kepner, Vice President; John Bresee, Secretary Treasurer; Joe Gilgamesh; Dorr Legg. Others: Les Akers, Howard Beck, David Buchman, Reed Erickson, Fred Freedman, Harold Green, Foster Gunnison, Jim Muszalski, Eli H. Pomoh, Fred Selden, Glenn Schmoll, Joe Magnin, Robert Earl, Jess Lyons, Gene Touchet, George Mortenson.
    1977: Directors: Joe Gilgamesh, President; Jim Kepner, Vice President; John Bresee, Secretary Treasurer; Bob Marks; Dorr Legg. Others: Fred Freedman, Ed Grellert, Gene Touchet, Jess Lyons, Robert Earl, Milt Sanford, Joseph Magnin, Ted Bradbury, Ron Aviano.
    1978: Directors: Joe Gilgamesh, President; Bob Marks, Vice President; Ed Gilbert, Secretary Treasurer; Dorr Legg; Ted Bradbury. Others: Jim Kepner, Milt Sanford, Ed Grellert, Gene Touchet, Fred Freedman, Joseph Magnin, Robert Orndorff.
    1979: Directors: Dorr Legg, Bob Marks, Ed Gilbert, Joe Gilgamesh, Ted Bradbury. Others: John Bresee, Jim Kepner, Gene Touchet, Milt Sanford, David Moore, Les Akers, Herb Selwyn, Lois Mercer.
    1980: Directors: Dorr Legg, Bob Marks, Ed Gilbert, Joe Gilgamesh, Bruce Weil. Others: Les Akers, Fred Freedman, Jim Kepner, Joe Killian, David Moore, John Bresee, Reed Erickson, Foster Gunnison, Milton Sanford.
    1981: Directors: Jesse Jacobs, Dorr Legg, David Moore, Gene Touchet, Bruce Weil. Academic/Administrative Council: Dwain Houser, Laud Humphreys, Dorr Legg, Gene Touchet, Jesse Jacobs, Albert Gordon, David Moore. Others: Les Akers, John Bresee, Fred Freedman, Ed Gilbert, Geraldine Jackson, Jim Kepner, Bob Marks.
    1982: Directors: Jesse Jacobs, President; Gene Touchet, Vice President; David Moore, Secretary Treasurer; Dorr Legg; Bruce Weil. Administrative/Academic Council: Dwain Houser, Laud Humphreys, Dorr Legg, Gene Touchet, Jesse Jacobs, Albert Gordon, David Moore. Board of Governors: Christopher Isherwood, Laud Humphreys, Dorr Legg, Gene Touchet, Jesse Jacobs, David Moore. Others: Les Akers, John Bresee, Fred Freedman, Ed Gilbert, Geraldine Jackson, Joseph Killian, Jim Kepner, Bob Marks, Milton Sanford, Reed Erickson, Foster Gunnison, Jim Muszalski.
    1983: Directors: Jesse Jacobs, President; Gene Touchet, Vice President; David Moore, Secretary Treasurer; Dorr Legg; Bruce Weil. Board of Governors: Reed Erickson, Christopher Isherwood, Paul Walker, Dorr Legg, Gene Touchet, Jesse Jacobs, David Moore. Others: Les Akers, Ted DeLay, Fred Freedman, Joseph Killian, Bob Marks, Stephen Weisbaum, Geraldine Jackson, Jim Kepner, Painter, Foster Gunnison, Jim Muszalski, John Nojima, Milton Sanford.
    1984: Directors: Bob Mitchell, President; Les Akers, Vice President; David Moore, Secretary Treasurer; Dorr Legg; Gene Touchet. Others: Milt Sanford, Joe Killian, Fred Freedman, Bruce Weil, Stephen Weisbaum, Jim Kepner, David Cameron, Jim Dunham, Fadner, Lyons.
    1985: Directors: Bob Mitchell, President; Les Akers, Vice President; Dorr Legg, Secretary Treasurer; Gene Touchet, Jim Dunham. Administrative/Academic Council: Richard Follett, David Cameron, William Hungerford, Dorr Legg, Gene Touchet. Others: Joe Killian, Stephen Weisbaum, Jim Kepner, Jim Dunham, Bob Craig, Jim Morrow, Timothy Wohlgemuth, John Nojima, Coates.
    1986: Directors: David Cameron, President; Les Akers, Vice President; Dorr Legg, Secretary Treasurer; Bob Mitchell; Jim Morrow. Board of Governors: David Cameron, Gene Touchet, Dorr Legg, Jim Morrow, Thomas Hunter Russell, Les Akers. Others: Bruce Weil, Stephen Weisbaum, Jim Kepner, Fred Freedman, Timothy Wohlgemuth, Gene Touchet, Bob Craig, Cal Cottam, Reid Rasmussen.
    1987: Directors: David Cameron, President; Les Akers, Vice President; Dorr Legg, Secretary Treasurer; Bob Mitchell; Jim Morrow. Board of Governors: David Cameron, Gene Touchet, Dorr Legg, Jim Morrow, Jesse Jacobs, Thomas Hunter Russell, Bob Mitchell. Others: Jim Muszalski, Fred Freedman, John Nojima, Tim Wohlgemuth, Fred Boydell, Bob Craig, Russell Cameron.
    1988: Directors: David Cameron, President; Jesse Jacobs, Vice President; Dorr Legg, Secretary Treasurer; Jim Morrow; Les Akers. Board of Governors: David Cameron, Dorr Legg, Jesse Jacobs, Thomas Hunter Russell, Burner. Others: Bob Mitchell, Fred Freedman, Jim Muszalski, Tim Wohlgemuth, Sue Moore, Ed Thorsell, Bill Tom, Paul Hardman.
    1989: Directors: Jesse Jacobs, President; Jim Morrow, Vice President; Dorr Legg, Secretary Treasurer; Les Akers, David Cameron. Academic/Administrative Council: Jesse Jacobs, Dorr Legg, David Cameron. Others: Bob Mitchell, Fred Freedman, Jim Muszalski, Tim Wohlgemuth, Sue Moore, Ed Thorsell, Bill Tom, Paul Hardman.
    1990: Directors: Jesse Jacobs, Dorr Legg, Ed Thorsell, David Cameron, Jim Morrow. Academic/Administrative Council: Jesse Jacobs, Dorr Legg, David Cameron, Walter Williams. Others: Luis Balmaseda, Bob Mitchell, Fred Freedman, Jim Muszalski, Tim Wohlgemuth, Bill Tom, Paul Hardman, Sue Moore, Les Akers.
    1991: Directors: Jesse Jacobs, Dorr Legg, Ed Thorsell, David Cameron, Jim Morrow. Others: Luis Balmaseda, Bob Mitchell, Jim Muszalski, Bill Tom, Paul Hardman.
    1992: Directors: Luis Balmaseda, Dorr Legg, Ed Thorsell, David Cameron, Jim Morrow. Academic/Administrative Council: Jim Morrow, Dorr Legg, David Cameron, Walter Williams. Board of Governors: David Cameron, Dorr Legg, Jim Morrow. Others: Call, Luis Balmaseda, Ed Thorsell, Cal Cottam, Fred Freedman, Glen Harper, Reid Rasmussen, Don Paul, Bill Tom, Paul Hardman.
    1993: Directors: Jesse Jacobs, Reid Rasmussen, Dorr Legg, David Cameron, Jim Morrow. Others: Call, Luis Balmaseda, Ed Thorsell, Cal Cottam, Fred Freedman, Reid Rasmussen, Don Paul, Bill Tom, Paul Hardman, Bob Manners, J.J. Belanger, David Hensley.
    1994: Directors: Jesse Jacobs, Reid Rasmussen, Dorr Legg, David Cameron, Jim Morrow.

    Arrangement note

    The records are arranged in the following series:

    Related Archival Materials note

    Martin Block papers, Coll2006-011, ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives, Los Angeles, California.
    Edgar H. Leoni papers, Coll2007-019, ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives, Los Angeles, California.
    Comprehensive Bibliography of Homosexuality work papers, Coll2008-007, ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives, Los Angeles, California.
    Michael A. Lombardi and Paul J. Nash papers, Coll2008-011, ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives, Los Angeles, California.
    Dorothy C. Putnam and Lois Mercer papers, Coll2008-038, ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives, Los Angeles, California.
    James Barr papers, Coll2008-043, ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives, Los Angeles, California.
    Southern California Council on Religion and the Homophile records, Coll2008-057, ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives, Los Angeles, California.
    Reed L. Erickson papers, Coll2010.001, ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives, Los Angeles, California.
    W. Dorr Legg personal papers, Coll2010-004, ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives, Los Angeles, California.
    Jim Kepner papers, Coll2011-002, ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives, Los Angeles, California.
    Joan Corbin papers, Coll2013-012, ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives, USC Libraries, University of Southern California.
    ONE Institute papers, Tretter Manuscripts, Special Collections and Rare Books, University of Minnesota.

    Processing Information

    Formerly housed in record boxes A052, A111, A112, A113, A114, A170, A171, A172, A173, A174, A175, A176, A177, A178, A179, A180, A181, A182, A183, A184, A185, A186, A187, A188, A189, A190, A191, A192, A193, A194, A195, A196, A197, A198, A199, A200, A200a, A202, A205, A206, A207, A208, A210, A211, A212, A213, 102-5, 103-31, 103-32, 103-41, 103-72, 103-82, 103-83, 103-147, 103-247, 103-294, 103-297, 103-313, 103-325, 104-122, and ONE Archives subject files.
    Collection processed by Kyle Morgan, 2011.
    Processing this collection has been funded by a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities.

    Access

    The collection is open to researchers. Access restrictions are noted where applicable.

    Publication Rights

    Researchers wishing to publish material must obtain permission in writing from ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives as the physical owner of the material. Note that permission to publish does not constitute copyright clearance. ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives can grant copyright clearance only for those materials for which we hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain copyright clearance for all other materials from the copyright holder(s).

    Preferred Citation

    Box #, folder #, ONE Incorporated records, Coll2011.001, ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives, Los Angeles, California

    Scope and Contents note

    The collection consists of the administrative records, publications, correspondence, divisional records, affiliate office records, and photographs of ONE Inc., 1907-2001, bulk 1952-1994.
    Series 1. Administrative records, 1952-1994, documents the meetings, finances, legal issues, corporate administration, press, and history of ONE Inc.
    Series 2. Publications, 1952-1994, consists of the books, serial publications, and promotional material published by ONE Inc.
    Series 3. Correspondence, 1952-1994, consists of the incoming, outgoing, and interoffice communications across all of ONE Inc.'s operations.
    Series 4. Publications Division records, 1946-1994, bulk 1953-1994, documents the administration, production, circulation, advertising, copyright, and sales of serial and book publications.
    Series 5. Education Division records, 1907-1994, bulk 1953-1994, documents the ONE Institute of Homophile Studies, Midwinter Institute, and lectures. The ONE Institute of Homophile Studies records comprise the bulk of this series and include correspondence, course materials, textbooks, teacher and student files, development files, state filings, and administrative records.
    Series 6. Library Division records, 1955-1994, consists of the administrative records, cataloging manuals, project files, and catalogs of the Baker Memorial Library.
    Series 7. Research Division records, 1957-1993, documents internal research projects, cooperative endeavors with university and research teams, and outside research requests and proposals.
    Series 8. Social Service Division records, 1953-1971, documents the financial, occupational, legal, investigative, and other services requested of and provided by ONE Inc. staff.
    Series 9. ONE World Travel Club records, 1961-1984, undated, consists of the administrative records, promotional materials, tour policies, and correspondence of both participants and administrators of ONE Inc. international tours.
    Series 10. Institute for the Study of Human Resources records, 1952-2001, bulk 1964-1997, documents an affiliate agency of ONE Inc. primarily founded to allow tax-deductible funding of ONE Inc. activities.
    Series 11. Satellite office records, 1963-1996, documents the operations of the ONE Inc. satellite offices in Chicago, Detroit, Long Beach, New York, and Phoenix.
    Series 12. Audiovisual materials, 1952-1998, documents the people, activities, events, lectures, meetings, properties, publications, and history of ONE Inc in photographs, audio, and video.
    The functions of the Commercial Division, a short-lived division also known as ONE Enterprises, as well as the functions of the Bureau of Public Information, Business and Accounting, House and Hospitality, and Public Relations Departments are represented in the administrative records series. The functions of the Book Service Department are represented in the Publications Division series. The output of the News Service department is represented in the promotional material section of the publications series.
    The records include annual reports, meeting minutes, book and serial publications, letters, official school records, court records, employment records, school syllabi and catalogs, textbooks, research data and reports, publication mock-ups, printing blocks, tax reports, accounting ledgers, state filings, grant applications, copyright certificates, receipts, leases, memoranda, articles of incorporation, organizational structures, library catalogs, manuals, visitor registers, mass mailings, flyers, clippings, event programs, letterhead, labels, forms, poetry, fiction, drawings, memorabilia, photograph prints, negatives, slides, and contact sheets.

    Custodial History note

    Many of the records documenting the early history of ONE Inc. are not represented in the collection. Although the foundation of the institution dates back to 1952, the first annual report and tax return in these records are not in evidence until 1957, and many of the early meeting minutes are reproductions. Some records may have been lost as a result of administrative changes, office moves, and internal disputes.
    One of the more notable disputes occurred in 1965 when a breakaway group of ONE Inc. staff led by Don Slater secretly relocated business records and furniture from the ONE Inc. Venice Boulevard office with the intention of taking over the publication of ONE Magazine. Although a legal settlement in 1967 and arbitration in 1970 required a return of some materials, it is unknown the extent to which this requirement was carried out. Besides creating unknown gaps in the records of ONE Inc., the split also affected the arrangement of business records. For example, the relocation of subscription and membership files may be the reason behind the existence of two sets of alphabetically arranged correspondence files: one primarily before 1965 and one after.
    Another notable dispute occurred in the mid-1980s when ONE Inc. engaged in a protracted legal battle with Reed Erickson over the ownership of the Milbank Mansion, home of ONE Inc. offices. Over the course of this dispute, ONE Inc. offices were ransacked, resulting in great disorder to the records.
    Between 2003-2009, Craig Loftin and Richard Hulser each put in great time and effort to reintroduce order to the ONE Inc. records. As much as possible, the arrangements they created have been maintained within this collection.
    The ONE Inc. records have been supplemented by small, often anonymous donations from throughout the community. One notable donation is the Joan Corbin and Ginger Blakely papers which has provided an invaluable resource documenting the production of ONE Magazine (see the Institute of Homophile Studies section under the Education Division records series).

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Books
    Catalog cards
    Copyright certificates
    Corporate reports
    Gay and lesbian studies
    Gay liberation movement
    Gay libraries
    Gay press publications
    Gay rights
    Gays--Travel
    Homosexuality and education
    Homosexuality and literature
    Homosexuality--Law and legislation
    Homosexuality--Research
    Lesbians--Travel
    Letters
    Minutes
    Newsletters
    Photographs
    Poetry
    Printing blocks
    Promotional materials
    Serial periodicals
    Social work with gays
    Social work with lesbians