Information for Researchers
Scope and Content
Title: Haight Street Diggers Records
Date (inclusive): 1966-1969
Collection Number: MS 3159
Haight Street Diggers (San Francisco, Calif.).
1 box (0.25 linear ft.)
California Historical Society
678 Mission Street
San Francisco, CA, 94105
Language of Material: Collection materials are in English.
Collection is located onsite.
Mainly photocopies of fliers, broadsides, poetry, manifestos, and other printed material distributed in the community, the
bulk of which was printed by the Communications Company, a group created by several writers and Diggers; together with several
issues of Free City News and Free News, community newsletters. Includes material on the Summer of Love, 1969, Glide Church
Be-In, Free City Collective, Happening House, and other events and topics.
Information for Researchers
Collection is open for research.
Copyright has not been assigned to the California Historical Society. All requests for permission to publish or quote from
manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Director of Research Collections. Permission for publication is given on behalf
of the California Historical Society as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission
of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the reader.
[Identification of item], Haight Street Diggers Records, MS 3159. California Historical Society, Manuscript Collection.
National Union Catalog of Manuscripts Collection Number
Subjects and Indexing Terms
Free City News
Glide Memorial United Methodist Church (San Francisco, Calif)
San Francisco (Calif.) --Social life and customs.
San Francisco Mime Troup--History
Summer of Love
Vietnam War, 1961-1975
Donated by Eric Noble, date unknown
No additions are expected
Processed by California Historical Society Staff
Characterized by the San Francisco press as a "hippie philanthropic organization," the Diggers were started by two members
of the San Francisco Mime Troupe, Emmet Grogan and Peter Berg in 1966. The group took its name from a reform group in Cromwell's
England. In 1649 Gerrard Winstanley, William Everard and their one hundred supporters began to cultivate common park land
to feed themselves. Their action was a protest against the rising costs of food. They offered the surplus food to the poor,
arguing that land should be free to all those who needed to make use of it. Opposed to physical force, they were easily suppressed
by army leaders. Throughout their struggles, they supported the notion that political revolutions must be based on social
These ideological roots were replanted with the Haight Street Diggers of the 1960s. The Diggers were an open organization,
for "to announce oneself a Digger, was to be a Digger." Their first action was to print leaflets known as "Digger Papers."
Their purpose was to "educate the people in the Haight; to make them open to the Diggers' philosophy; and, to make them think
for themselves." Leaflets often pertained to specific events that were happening in the neighborhood, such as disagreements
with the Haight Independent Proprietors, the local merchants association. They also covered such controversial topics as the
War In Vietnam.
The Digger organization fed hundreds of people free food in the Panhandle of Golden Gate Park for about one year. The group
was given surplus vegetables from the stalls at Farmer's Market. When free meat was unavailable, they stole from the local
markets. They were responsible for the establishment of many free services, such as free stores, the Free Frame of Reference,
the Trip Without a Ticket and free medical care.
Glide Memorial Methodist Church in the Tenderloin became involved with the Hippie Movement and permitted the Diggers to hold
a "happening" at Glide known as the Invisible Circus. It was to have been a three day event on February 24, 25 and 26 1967.
However, the police closed it down after the first day. As a result of their use of the streets for theater, parades and gatherings,
the Diggers were often involved in confrontations with the police department. They were constantly subject to harrassment
and arrest at their free stores.
During 1967 the Diggers grew in number and became a large informal organization involved in many different groups and causes.
They included Hells Angels, the Mime Troupe Guerilla Theater, the anti-war movement and the Communications Company. The Communications
Company was created by several writers and Diggers, including Richard Brautigan, Michael McClure, Lenore Kandel, Emmet Grogan,
Peter Berg and others. They issued communications altering the community to events and free services, as well as providing
them with information about avoiding the police, drug use, the Vietnam War, anti-draft efforts and the fight against racism
in the Haight. These papers were distributed free on Haight Street from January to June 1967.
The Diggers were as important part of the daily life of the Haight during the years 1966 and 1967. On October 6, 1967 they
and hundreds of others celebrated "The Death of the Hippie," the last hippie event with a parade and ceremony that ended with
the burial of the Psychedelic Shop store sign. Many of the Diggers left San Francisco to set up collectives in other states,
but vestiges of the Diggers remained. Some of the Diggers formed the Free City News and organized a Free City Planning event
in March 1968. As late as 1969 papers issued by the Diggers were still printed.
Scope and Content
The Haight Street Diggers Records consists mainly of photocopies of letters, flyers, poetry, manifestoes, posters and other
printed materials that were distributed in the Haight-Ashbury. The bulk of the material was printed by the Communications
Company. There are several issues of "Free City News" and "Free News," community news letters. Subjects of the materials include:
Summer of Love, the Human Be-In (January 1967), Glide Church Be-In, (Invisible Circus, February 1967), Free City Collective,
Happening House, KIVA, Hopi Religious ideology, Job Coop, Black Man's Free Store, the Free Frame of Reference and the Trip
Without a Ticket, free city, a free city planning event (March 1968) mobilization against the war in Vietnam and a variety
of events and rock concerts.