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Finding Aid for the Montana Manuscript Collection 1878-1990 Mont.Coll.Mss
Mont.Coll.Mss  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Acquisition Information
  • Processing History
  • Historical Note
  • Scope and Content
  • Arrangement
  • Related Material

  • Title: Montana Manuscript Collection
    Identifier/Call Number: Mont.Coll.Mss
    Contributing Institution: William Andrews Clark Memorial Library
    Language of Material: English
    Physical Description: 4.13 Linear feet 8 boxes
    Date (inclusive): 1878-1990
    Abstract: This collection contains photographs, newspaper clippings, Montana-related ephemera, correspondence pertaining to the Society of the Framers of the Constitution of the State of Montana as well as written attempts to compile historical accounts of various aspects of Montana's history.
    Physical location: Clark Library.
    creator: William Andrews Clark Memorial Library.

    Access

    Collection is open for research.

    Publication Rights

    Copyright has not been assigned to the William Andrews Clark Memorial Library, UCLA. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Clark Librarian. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the William Andrews Clark Memorial Library, UCLA as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Montana Manuscript Collection, Mont. Coll. Mss., William Andrews Clark Memorial Library, University of California, Los Angeles.

    Acquisition Information

    The contents of this collection are the result of multiple accessions. The provenance of the Charles Kessler Papers is unclear. The Society of the Framers of the Constitution of the State of Montana Papers were donated by Walter M. Bickford (MS.1929.004). The Robert S. Hale and James Thompson Papers are the result of two separate accessions: The James Thompson Papers were a 1970 purchase (MS.1970.010) and the Robert S. Hale Papers (MS.1970.009) were a gift from J. E. Reynolds. The Calvary Commissary Papers (MS.1952.006) were also purchased by the Library. The Donna Adams Materials were a gift from Donna Adams (MS.1991.001).

    Processing History

    Processed by Jacque Giebel, April-May 2011.

    Historical Note

    Charles Nickolas Kessler (1874-1957) was the president of his family's business, the Kessler Brewing Company. He actively opposed the prohibition movement but to his dismay, Montana supported statewide prohibition that became effective in January, 1919. On June 28, 1919, the Kessler Brewery was closed and all of the company's alcohol was destroyed. The brewery would not be re-opened until 1933 after the repeal of the Eighteenth Amendment. Throughout his life, Kessler was extremely interested in acquiring information on various aspects of the history of Montana.
    The Society of the Framers of the Constitution of the State of Montana was founded on August 17, 1889. It was comprised of 75 members who were elected by the people of the Territory of Montana as well as honorary members that included participants from the 1884 Constitutional Convention. According to Article II of the organization's constitution, "the object and purpose of this organization shall be purely for social, moral and mental enjoyment and improvement; cultivating and encouraging American patriotism and love for our country, free from all political bias and spirit (Second Reunion of the Society of the Framers of the Constitution of the State of Montana 1891).
    Robert S. Hale (d. 1922) was a pioneer and prominent man of Helena, Montana. Upon his death he left an Estate worth a said $100,000. He was survived by neither widow, children, nor parents, as stated in the newspaper, "The Helena Independent" on August 18th, 1923. Following his death, there was a lengthy litigation and settlement of his Estate. His niece Lutie Gibson White was accused by Annie H. Thompson, widow of James Thompson, the son of one of Hale's sisters, for undue influence in gaining control of his properties prior to his death.
    Fort Keogh is located on the western edge of Miles City, Montana. From about 1823-1890, west of Mississippi, various conflicts were taking place between Native Americans, American settlers and the United States Army. These conflicts have become known as the Indian Wars. The Indian Wars were the result of European colonizers and their desire for westward expansion. The settling of the West resulted in the uprooting of a number of indigenous populations.

    Scope and Content

    This collection contains photographs, newspaper clippings, Montana-related ephemera, correspondence pertaining to the Society of the Framers of the Constitution of the State of Montana as well as written attempts to compile historical accounts of various aspects of Montana's history. This collection also includes food orders and returns for Cavalry and Infantry Companies at Fort Keogh and correspondence related to the litigation and settlement of Robert S. Hale's estate and various documents belonging to James and Annie Thompson.

    Arrangement

    The collection is organized into the following series:
    • Series 1. Charles Kessler Papers, 1880-1931. 1 box (0.21 linear feet)
    • Series 2. Society of the Framers of the Constitution of the State of Montana Papers, 1889-1929. 2 boxes (0.63 linear feet)
    • Series 3. Robert S. Hale and James Thompson Papers, 1878-1929. 1 box (0.21 linear feet)
    • Series 4. Cavalry Commissary Papers, 1878-1893. 2 boxes (0.42 linear feet)
    • Series 5. Donna Adams Materials, 1881-1960. 1 box (0.21 linear feet)
    • Series 6. Scrapbooks of Newspaper Clippings, 1903-1919. 1 box (0.21 linear feet)

    Related Material

    Images of Montana and the West, Mont. coll. Photos, William Andrews Clark Memorial Library, University of California, Los Angeles. Online finding aid available via the OAC. 
    The William Bickford file in the correspondence series of the Pre-1934 Clark Archive.
    The Collection of Papers Related to Montana, 1833-1934 is very much related to this collection and there is a strong correlation with the items that are described in this finding aid. They are described in the Calendar of The Montana Papers in the William Andrews Clark Memorial Library (University of California at Los Angeles) / prepared by the Southern California Historical Records Survey Project, Division of Community Service Programs, Works Progress Administration. Los Angeles, CA : The Southern California Historical Records Survey Project, 1942.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Bickford, Walter M., (Walter Mansur), b. 1852
    Clark, William Andrews, 1839-1925
    Hale, Robert S., d. 1922
    Kessler, Charles N. (Charles Nickolas), 1874-1957
    Society of the Framers of the Constitution of the State of Montana
    Thompson, Annie H.
    Thompson, James
    Actions and defenses--United States--19th century
    Armies--Commissariat
    Black-and-white photographs
    Cavalry--United States--19th century
    Ephemera--United States--20th century
    Indians of North America--United States--19th century
    Legal documents--United States--19th century
    Letters--United States--19th century
    Mining claim--United States--19th century
    Minutes--United States--20th century
    Montana--History
    Notebooks--United States--19th century
    Picture postcards--United States--20th century